How to format your references using the School Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Robinson, N. J. (2011). Structural biology: a platform for copper pumps. Nature, 475(7354), 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zimmerman, A. W., & Connors, S. L. (2014). Neuroscience. Could autism be treated prenatally? Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6171), 620–621.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fonseca, P. J., Münch, D., & Hennig, R. M. (2000). How cicadas interpret acoustic signals. Nature, 405(6784), 297–298.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Ito, H., Yamada, R., Tamura, A., Arai, S., Horie, K., & Hokada, T. (2013). Earth’s youngest exposed granite and its tectonic implications: the 10-0.8 Ma Kurobegawa Granite. Scientific reports, 3, 1306.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Klee, L. (2015). International Construction Contract Law. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Daras, N. J. (Ed.). (2014). Applications of Mathematics and Informatics in Science and Engineering (Vol. 91). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Greve, R., & Blatter, H. (2009). Large-Scale Dynamics of Ice Sheets. In H. Blatter (Ed.), Dynamics of Ice Sheets and Glaciers (pp. 61–109). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Mental Health.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, March 14). World’s First Fluorescent Frog Discovered In The Amazon. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2006). Information Technology: Immigration and Customs Enforcement Is Beginning to Address Infrastructure Modernization Program Weaknesses but Key Improvements Still Needed (No. GAO-06-823). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mahmud, S. (2017). Comparing the Performance of Bottom-Moored and Unmanned Surface Vehicle Towed Passive Acoustic Monitoring Platforms for Marine Mammal Detections (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Luongo, M. T. (2017, October 25). In Detroit, a Theater Establishes a Beat. New York Times, p. AR6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Robinson 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Robinson 2011; Zimmerman and Connors 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zimmerman and Connors 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Ito et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Mental Health
AbbreviationSchool Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1866-2625
ISSN (online)1866-2633
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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