How to format your references using the School Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bréon, F.-M. (2006). Climate. How do aerosols affect cloudiness and climate? Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5787), 623–624.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sijen, T., & Plasterk, R. H. A. (2003). Transposon silencing in the Caenorhabditis elegans germ line by natural RNAi. Nature, 426(6964), 310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bernasconi, N. L., Traggiai, E., & Lanzavecchia, A. (2002). Maintenance of serological memory by polyclonal activation of human memory B cells. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5601), 2199–2202.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, J.-B., Hite, R. K., Hamdan, S. M., Xie, X. S., Richardson, C. C., & van Oijen, A. M. (2006). DNA primase acts as a molecular brake in DNA replication. Nature, 439(7076), 621–624.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, D. W. (2014). Economic Theory and the Ancient Mediterranean. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Fumagalli, E. (2007). Service Quality Regulation in Electricity Distribution and Retail. (L. L. Schiavo & F. Delestre, Eds.). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Silanikove, N. (2008). Milk Lipoprotein Membranes and Their Imperative Enzymes. In Z. Bösze (Ed.), Bioactive Components of Milk (pp. 143–161). New York, NY: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Mental Health.

Blog post
Evans, K. (2017, March 14). Organic Food Alone Cannot Provide A Sustainable Future. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1971). Disbursing Transactions, Naval Ship Research and Development Laboratory (No. 092587). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wansapura, A. N. (2010). The role of alpha sodium,potassium-ATPase isoforms in mediating cardiac hypertrophy in response to endogenous cardiotonic steroids (Doctoral dissertation). University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Qiu, L., & Victor, D. (2017, September 21). Who’s Right About G.O.P. Bill’s Claims, a Senator or a Late-Night Host? New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bréon 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bréon 2006; Sijen and Plasterk 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sijen and Plasterk 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Lee et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Mental Health
AbbreviationSchool Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1866-2625
ISSN (online)1866-2633
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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