How to format your references using the School Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Adam, D. (2002). Field trials excluded from UK crop appraisal. Nature, 420(6915), 453.
A journal article with 2 authors
Melnik, D. G., & Miller, T. A. (2008). Chemistry. The changing shapes of molecules. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5878), 881–882.
A journal article with 3 authors
Skourti-Stathaki, K., Kamieniarz-Gdula, K., & Proudfoot, N. J. (2014). R-loops induce repressive chromatin marks over mammalian gene terminators. Nature, 516(7531), 436–439.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Eguchi, F. C., Faria, E. F., Scapulatempo Neto, C., Longatto-Filho, A., Zanardo-Oliveira, C., Taboga, S. R., & Campos, S. G. P. (2014). The role of TMPRSS2:ERG in molecular stratification of PCa and its association with tumor aggressiveness: a study in Brazilian patients. Scientific reports, 4, 5640.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McLaughlin, T. A. (2010). Nonprofit Mergers and Alliances. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Bebis, G., Boyle, R., Parvin, B., Koracin, D., Li, B., Porikli, F., et al. (Eds.). (2013). Advances in Visual Computing: 9th International Symposium, ISVC 2013, Rethymnon, Crete, Greece, July 29-31, 2013. Proceedings, Part II (Vol. 8034). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Hansen, A., Hees, F., & Richert, A. (2014). Kreativität mit System – Innovationsmanagement strategisch umsetzen. In S. Jeschke, I. Isenhardt, F. Hees, & K. Henning (Eds.), Automation, Communication and Cybernetics in Science and Engineering 2013/2014 (pp. 45–50). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Mental Health.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, August 19). Alpha Meerkats Can Benefit From Killing Their Grandpups. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Weather Satellites: Planning for the Geostationary Satellite Program Needs More Attention (No. AIMD-97-37). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zakharov, D. (2010). The discrete Dirac operator and the discrete generalized Weierstrass representation in pseudo-Euclidean spaces (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vanderwoude, M. (2016, July 17). Precious Scents on Father’s Day. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Adam 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2002; Melnik and Miller 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Melnik and Miller 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Eguchi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Mental Health
AbbreviationSchool Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1866-2625
ISSN (online)1866-2633
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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