How to format your references using the School Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dagotto, E. (2005). Complexity in strongly correlated electronic systems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5732), 257–262.
A journal article with 2 authors
Boolchand, P., & Bresser, W. J. (2001). Mobile silver ions and glass formation in solid electrolytes. Nature, 410(6832), 1070–1073.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zou, H., Zindler, A., & Niu, Y. (2002). Constraints on melt movement beneath the East Pacific Rise from 230Th-238U disequilibrium. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5552), 107–110.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Headrick, J. M., Diken, E. G., Walters, R. S., Hammer, N. I., Christie, R. A., Cui, J., et al. (2005). Spectral signatures of hydrated proton vibrations in water clusters. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5729), 1765–1769.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ellis, H., & Lawson, A. (2013). Anatomy for Anaesthetists. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
An edited book
Goldberg, D. J. (Ed.). (2007). Facial Rejuvenation: A Total Approach. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Boavida, N. (2016). The Use and Influence of Indicators in Decisions About Technological Innovation. In B.-J. Krings, H. Rodríguez, & A. Schleisiek (Eds.), Scientific Knowledge and the Transgression of Boundaries (pp. 59–99). Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 1). Meet The World’s Most-Traded, Least-Known Mammal. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). GSA: Causes of Delay in the Federal Communications Commission Move to the Portals II Building (No. GGD-98-60R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gobas, M. (2012). Affiliate users policy: Solution to multiple ball field users in the city of Artesia (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. (2004, October 17). Annie, Get Your Calculator. New York Times, p. 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Dagotto 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Boolchand and Bresser 2001; Dagotto 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boolchand and Bresser 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Headrick et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Mental Health
AbbreviationSchool Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1866-2625
ISSN (online)1866-2633
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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