How to format your references using the School Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shaffer, C. H. (2006). The charge-up man. Nature, 444(7119), 652.
A journal article with 2 authors
He, X.-L., & Garcia, K. C. (2004). Structure of nerve growth factor complexed with the shared neurotrophin receptor p75. Science (New York, N.Y.), 304(5672), 870–875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Takeuchi, H., Nakatsuji, N., & Suemori, H. (2014). Endodermal differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells to insulin-producing cells in 3D culture. Scientific reports, 4, 4488.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Nishinaga, O., Kikuchi, T., Natsui, S., & Suzuki, R. O. (2013). Rapid fabrication of self-ordered porous alumina with 10-/sub-10-nm-scale nanostructures by selenic acid anodizing. Scientific reports, 3, 2748.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jones, R. B. (2011). 20% Chance of Rain. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Waksman, G. (Ed.). (2005). Proteomics and Protein-Protein Interactions: Biology, Chemistry, Bioinformatics, and Drug Design (Vol. 3). Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Oliveira, L. B., Fernandes, J. R., Filanovsky, I. M., Verhoeven, C. J. M., & Silva, M. M. (2008). Quadrature Oscillator-Mixer. In J. R. Fernandes, I. M. Filanovsky, C. J. M. Verhoeven, & M. M. Silva (Eds.), Analysis and Design of Quadrature Oscillators (pp. 63–80). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Mental Health.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016, October 21). “Mean Girl” Meerkats Reign Over Their Mobs Like Crazed Dictators. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Highway Safety: Federal and State Efforts to Address Rural Road Safety Challenges (No. GAO-04-663). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Razzaghi, M. (2013). Quantum Tunneling in Hydride Transfer Reactions in Solution (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J. (2017, May 22). An Old Log Learns Some New Tricks. New York Times, p. C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shaffer 2006).
This sentence cites two references (He and Garcia 2004; Shaffer 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (He and Garcia 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Nishinaga et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Mental Health
AbbreviationSchool Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1866-2625
ISSN (online)1866-2633
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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