How to format your references using the School Mental Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for School Mental Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Vogel, J. (2014). Biochemistry. A bacterial seek-and-destroy system for foreign DNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6187), 972–973.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, D., & Ma, X. L. (2013). Local decomposition induced by dislocation motions inside tetragonal Al(2)Cu compound: slip system-dependent dynamics. Scientific reports, 3, 3157.
A journal article with 3 authors
Heiling, A. M., Herberstein, M. E., & Chittka, L. (2003). Pollinator attraction: Crab-spiders manipulate flower signals. Nature, 421(6921), 334.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Pope, K. O., Pohl, M. E., Jones, J. G., Lentz, D. L., von Nagy, C., Vega, F. J., & Quitmyer, I. R. (2001). Origin and environmental setting of ancient agriculture in the lowlands of Mesoamerica. Science (New York, N.Y.), 292(5520), 1370–1373.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bernström, S. (2014). Valuation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Kuflik, T., Berkovsky, S., Carmagnola, F., Heckmann, D., & Krüger, A. (Eds.). (2009). Advances in Ubiquitous User Modelling: Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 5830). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Stelzer, V., & Quintero, A. (2014). Climate Change Impacts on the Energy Sector and Adaptation Options. In K. Krellenberg & B. Hansjürgens (Eds.), Climate Adaptation Santiago (pp. 81–105). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for School Mental Health.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 19). Fish-Eating Spiders Found on Six Continents. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). U.S. Customs Service: Better Targeting of Airline Passengers for Personal Searches Could Produce Better Results (No. GGD-00-38). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Terrell, N. D. (2012). Exact solutions to combinatorial optimizations and the traveling baseball fan problem (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2008, May 28). Justices Say Law Bars Retaliation Over Bias Claims. New York Times, p. A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Vogel 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Chen and Ma 2013; Vogel 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Ma 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Pope et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSchool Mental Health
AbbreviationSchool Ment. Health
ISSN (print)1866-2625
ISSN (online)1866-2633
ScopeDevelopmental and Educational Psychology

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