How to format your references using the Welding in the World citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Welding in the World. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Murphy DM (2005) Atmospheric science. Something in the air. Science 307:1888–1890
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Milhous WK, Weina PJ (2010) Plant science. The botanical solution for malaria. Science 327:279–280
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Li YC, Cheng TH, Gartenberg MR (2001) Establishment of transcriptional silencing in the absence of DNA replication. Science 291:650–653
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Endre G, Kereszt A, Kevei Z, et al (2002) A receptor kinase gene regulating symbiotic nodule development. Nature 417:962–966

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bajpai P (2010) Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Chaki R, Cortesi A, Saeed K, Chaki N (2016) Advanced Computing and Systems for Security: Volume 2. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lajiness MJ (2016) Nonsurgical Therapy; Catheters; Devices. In: Chancellor MB, Diokno AC (eds) The Underactive Bladder. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Welding in the World.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan J (2016) SpaceX Just Test-Fired A New Rocket Engine That Will Launch Missions To Mars. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1999) Space Station: Cost to Operate After Assembly is Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Aghaee M (2016) Analysis of Dynamics and Optimal Control for an SIR Epidemiological Model with Time-varying Populations. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Dominus S (2013) How To Get a Job With a Philosophy Degree. New York Times MM40

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWelding in the World
AbbreviationWeld. World
ISSN (print)0043-2288
ISSN (online)1878-6669
ScopeMechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
Metals and Alloys

Other styles