How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (IJPR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Meijer GI. Materials science. Who wins the nonvolatile memory race? Science (2008) 319: 1625–1626.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilder-Smith A and Gubler DJ. PUBLIC HEALTH. Dengue vaccines at a crossroad. Science (2015) 350: 626–627.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spiliotis ET, Kinoshita M, and Nelson WJ. A mitotic septin scaffold required for Mammalian chromosome congression and segregation. Science (2005) 307: 1781–1785.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tanner LH, Hubert JF, Coffey BP, and McInerney DP. Stability of atmospheric CO2 levels across the Triassic/Jurassic boundary. Nature (2001) 411: 675–677.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khatib T and Elmenreich W. Modeling of Photovoltaic Systems Using MATLAB ®. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016).
An edited book
Saakov VS. Derivative Spectrophotometry and Electron Spin Resonance (ESR) Spectroscopy for Ecological and Biological Questions. Drapkin VZ, Krivchenko AI, Rozengart EV, Bogachev YV, and Knyazev MN. (eds.) Springer, Vienna (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Machnik LK, Ewer J, and Erickson J. The Use of Spatial Technology in United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service Wilderness Recreation Site Surveys. In: Carver SJ and Fritz S. (eds.) Mapping Wilderness: Concepts, Techniques and Applications Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2016) 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Hale T. Elon Musk Thinks There’s A ‘One In Billions’ Chance We Don’t Live In A Computer Simulation. IFLScience. IFLScience (2016) [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. USDA Telecommunications: Strong Leadership Needed to Resolve Management Weaknesses, Achieve Savings. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1998 Jun). Report No.: AIMD-98-131.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Olszewski RM. Donor Motivations for Donating to a Nonprofit Without a Previous Relationship [Doctoral dissertation]. Scottsdale, AZ, Northcentral University (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Paulson M. Aiming at Trump, Onstage. New York Times (2017) C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
ISSN (print)1735-0328
ISSN (online)1726-6890

Other styles