How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (IJPR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young RC. The sounds of silence. Nature (2000) 408: 141.
A journal article with 2 authors
Snook RR and Hosken DJ. Sperm death and dumping in Drosophila. Nature (2004) 428: 939–941.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fu Y, Xu Y, and Chen H. Additional modes in a waveguide system of zero-index-metamaterials with defects. Sci. Rep. (2014) 4: 6428.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ogura A, Yoshida M-A, Moritaki T, Okuda Y, Sese J, Shimizu KK, et al. Loss of the six3/6 controlling pathways might have resulted in pinhole-eye evolution in Nautilus. Sci. Rep. (2013) 3: 1432.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dijksterhuis GB. Multivariate Data Analysis in Sensory and Consumer Science. Food & Nutrition Press, Inc., Trumbull, Connecticut, USA (2008).
An edited book
Schreiner B and Hassan R, editors. Transforming Water Management in South Africa: Designing and Implementing a New Policy Framework. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2011). (Global Issues in Water Policy; vol. 2).
A chapter in an edited book
Nordström L and Babazadeh D. Cyber Physical Approach to HVDC Grid Control. In: Khaitan SK, McCalley JD, and Liu CC. (eds.) Cyber Physical Systems Approach to Smart Electric Power Grid Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2015) 75–101. (Power Systems).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Survey Identifies Hundreds Of Previously Unknown Jets From Young Stars. IFLScience. IFLScience (2014) [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Shuttle: Costs for Hubble Servicing Mission and Implementation of Safety Recommendations Not Yet Definitive. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2004 Nov). Report No.: GAO-05-34.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Amanoua KP. Langue et identité dans les milieux populaires québécois et antillais [Doctoral dissertation]. Lafayette, LA, University of Louisiana (2014).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times (2017) MM24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
ISSN (print)1735-0328
ISSN (online)1726-6890

Other styles