How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (IJPR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
May T. Isolation is not the answer. Nature (2004) 429: 603.
A journal article with 2 authors
Golde TE and Kukar TL. Medicine. Avoiding unintended toxicity. Science (2009) 324: 603–604.
A journal article with 3 authors
Holt LJ, Krutchinsky AN, and Morgan DO. Positive feedback sharpens the anaphase switch. Nature (2008) 454: 353–357.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
He J, Liao X-Y, Zhu J-H, Xue W-Q, Shen G-P, Huang S-Y, et al. Association of MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms with non-Hodgkin lymphoma susceptibility: evidence from a meta-analysis. Sci. Rep. (2014) 4: 6159.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Egan WF. Advanced Frequency Synthesis by Phase Lock. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011).
An edited book
Blondel P. Buried Waste in the Seabed—Acoustic Imaging and Bio-toxicity: Results from the European SITAR Project. Caiti A. (ed.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007). (Springer Praxis Books).
A chapter in an edited book
Tang J and Zhang P. Single-Molecule Toroics and Multinuclear Lanthanide Single-Molecule Magnets. In: Zhang P. (ed.) Lanthanide Single Molecule Magnets Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2015) 127–166.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Possible Cause Of Flashbacks Discovered. IFLScience. IFLScience (2016) [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Annual Index: Reports Issued in FY 1988. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988 Nov). Report No.: 137743.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kingsley SJ. Preschool teachers’ perceptions of factors influencing their referral decisions for young children with severe behavior problems [Doctoral dissertation]. Chapel Hill, NC, University of North Carolina (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J. Exxon’s Unlikely Enemy. New York Times (2016) D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
ISSN (print)1735-0328
ISSN (online)1726-6890

Other styles