How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (IJPR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McCabe H. Jordan chosen to open SESAME. Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East. Nature (2000) 406: 221.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aronson SJ and Rehm HL. Building the foundation for genomics in precision medicine. Nature (2015) 526: 336–342.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pelkmans L, Püntener D, and Helenius A. Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae. Science (2002) 296: 535–539.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nicoll RA, Mellor J, Frerking M, and Schmitz D. Kainate receptors and synaptic plasticity. Nature (2000) 406: 957.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
El-Reedy MA. Construction Management for Industrial Projects. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2011).
An edited book
Zadrozny P. Big Data Analytics Using Splunk. Kodali R. (ed.) Apress, Berkeley, CA (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Ramachandran S. Benevolent Funds: Philanthropic Practices of the South African Diaspora in Ontario, Canada. In: Chikanda A, Crush J, and Walton-Roberts M. (eds.) Diasporas, Development and Governance Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016) 65–82. (Global Migration Issues).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. Staying Alive Is Just Step One For West Africa’s Ebola Survivors. IFLScience. IFLScience (2015) [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Study of Certain Management Practices at the National Institute of Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976 Oct). Report No.: HRD-77-1.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Collette JC. Validation of the tgFgfr1-EGFP Mouse Line as a Tool to Study Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor 1 Cellular Localization and Expression After Experimental Manipulations [Doctoral dissertation]. Lafayette, LA, University of Louisiana (2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. In Latest Term, Majority Grows To More Than 5 of the Justices. New York Times (2008) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
ISSN (print)1735-0328
ISSN (online)1726-6890

Other styles