How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (IJPR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spence JCH. Materials science. Oxygen in crystals--seeing is believing. Science (2003) 299: 839–841.
A journal article with 2 authors
Finlay CC and Jackson A. Equatorially dominated magnetic field change at the surface of Earth’s core. Science (2003) 300: 2084–2086.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nowak MA, Plotkin JB, and Jansen VA. The evolution of syntactic communication. Nature (2000) 404: 495–498.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhu F, Gujar H, Gordon JR, Haynes KF, Potter MF, and Palli SR. Bed bugs evolved unique adaptive strategy to resist pyrethroid insecticides. Sci. Rep. (2013) 3: 1456.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sox HC, Higgins MC, and Owens DK. Medical Decision Making. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2013).
An edited book
Lerma EV and Batuman V, editors. Diabetes and Kidney Disease. Springer, New York, NY (2014).
A chapter in an edited book
Jones E and Ryan M. The Dancer as Reflective Practitioner. In: Ryan ME. (ed.) Teaching Reflective Learning in Higher Education: A Systematic Approach Using Pedagogic Patterns Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015) 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Luntz S. First Signs Of Global Warming Appeared In 1940s. IFLScience. IFLScience (2015) [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Acquisition: A Comprehensive Strategy Is Needed for Cultural Change at FAA. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1996 Aug). Report No.: RCED-96-159.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tiedemann-Fuller PM. A descriptive Rorschach study of children who have experienced chronic complex abuse [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA, Pacifica Graduate Institute (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Film Series. New York Times (2017) C23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
ISSN (print)1735-0328
ISSN (online)1726-6890

Other styles