How to format your references using the Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (IJPR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von der Linde D. Materials science. A picosecond view of melting. Science (2003) 302: 1345–1346.
A journal article with 2 authors
Accardi A and Miller C. Secondary active transport mediated by a prokaryotic homologue of ClC Cl- channels. Nature (2004) 427: 803–807.
A journal article with 3 authors
Van der Burg E, Cass J, and Alais D. Window of audio-visual simultaneity is unaffected by spatio-temporal visual clutter. Sci. Rep. (2014) 4: 5098.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zimmermann K, Leffler A, Babes A, Cendan CM, Carr RW, Kobayashi J-I, et al. Sensory neuron sodium channel Nav1.8 is essential for pain at low temperatures. Nature (2007) 447: 855–858.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McFedries P. Twitter Tips, Tricks, and Tweets. Wiley Publishing, Inc., Indianapolis, IN, USA (2010).
An edited book
Marani E. The Subthalamic Nucleus Part I: Development, Cytology, Topography and Connections. Heida T, Lakke EAJF, and Usunoff KG. (eds.) Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008). (Advances in Anatomy, Embryology and Cell Biology; vol. 198).
A chapter in an edited book
Hazzan O and Dubinsky Y. Change. In: Dubinsky Y. (ed.) Agile Anywhere: Essays on Agile Projects and Beyond Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014) 15–20. (SpringerBriefs in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Iranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Secret Sex Life And Pregnancy Of A Seahorse Dad. IFLScience. IFLScience (2015) [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: URL:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Human Capital: Agencies Should More Fully Evaluate the Costs and Benefits of Executive Training. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014 Jan). Report No.: GAO-14-132.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schewe EM. Re-establishing Connections: Listening to Women Psychology Students Talk about Recovery [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA, Pacifica Graduate Institute (2016).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hartocollis A and Harmon A. For Many Medical Students, the Caribbean Was Warm and Welcoming. Until Now. New York Times (2017) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1, 2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleIranian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research
ISSN (print)1735-0328
ISSN (online)1726-6890

Other styles