How to format your references using the Waves in Random and Complex Media citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Waves in Random and Complex Media. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Nolet G. Geophysics. Slabs do not go gently. Science. 2009;324:1152–1153.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Zhang J, Zhao Y. Formation of zirconium metallic glass. Nature. 2004;430:332–335.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Huey RB, Losos JB, Moritz C. Ecology. Are lizards toast? Science. 2010;328:832–833.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Niemela JJ, Skrbek L, Sreenivasan KR, et al. Turbulent convection at very high Rayleigh numbers. Nature. 2000;404:837–840.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Freeman RL. Fundamentals of Telecommunications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Jain LC, Behera HS, Mandal JK, et al., editors. Computational Intelligence in Data Mining - Volume 3: Proceedings of the International Conference on CIDM, 20-21 December 2014. New Delhi: Springer India; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Rogers CJ, Colbert LH, Perkins SN, et al. Calorie Restriction, Exercise, and Colon Cancer Prevention: A Mechanistic Perspective. In: McTiernan A, editor. Physical Activity, Dietary Calorie Restriction, and Cancer. New York, NY: Springer; 2011. p. 69–97.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Waves in Random and Complex Media.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Do We Really Need Oxygen For Complex Life? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/do-we-really-need-oxygen-complex-life/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Designing Evaluations: A Workbook. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1986. Report No.: 129366. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Mullin Piette AJ. Dialogic encounters among health care providers in pediatric critical care: A qualitative, collective case study [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Greenhouse L. Detainee Case Hits on Limits Of Presidency. New York Times. 2006 Jan 10;A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWaves in Random and Complex Media
AbbreviationWaves Random Complex Media
ISSN (print)1745-5030
ISSN (online)1745-5049
ScopeGeneral Engineering
General Physics and Astronomy

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