How to format your references using the Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
de Waal, F. B. M.: The antiquity of empathy, Science, 336, 874–876, 2012.
A journal article with 2 authors
Armakolas, A. and Klar, A. J. S.: Left-right dynein motor implicated in selective chromatid segregation in mouse cells, Science, 315, 100–101, 2007.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jeganathan, K. B., Malureanu, L., and van Deursen, J. M.: The Rae1-Nup98 complex prevents aneuploidy by inhibiting securin degradation, Nature, 438, 1036–1039, 2005.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Chen, S.-T., Lin, Y.-L., Huang, M.-T., Wu, M.-F., Cheng, S.-C., Lei, H.-Y., Lee, C.-K., Chiou, T.-W., Wong, C.-H., and Hsieh, S.-L.: CLEC5A is critical for dengue-virus-induced lethal disease, Nature, 453, 672–676, 2008.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Burnham, D. and Skilleås, O. M.: The Aesthetics of Wine, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Cress, U., Moskaliuk, J., and Jeong, H. (Eds.): Mass Collaboration and Education, 1st ed. 2016., Springer International Publishing, Cham, VII, 411 p. 69 illus., 36 illus. in color pp., 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Smith, M., Zagelmeyer, S., and Sieglen, G.: Small and Medium-sized Establishments in Europe: Operating Hours and Working Time Patterns, in: Comparative Analyses of Operating Hours and Working Times in the European Union, edited by: Smith, M., Cette, G., Bauer, F., and Delsen, L., Physica-Verlag HD, Heidelberg, 117–142, 2009.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions.

Blog post
Scientists Store A Music Video On Strands Of DNA:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Career and Technical Education: States Have Broad Flexibility in Implementing Perkins IV, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Reilly, C. A.: Information and Communication Technology Use in the College Classroom: Adjunct Faculty Perspectives, Doctoral dissertation, Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B.: Zverev and Konta Lose In French Open Upsets, New York Times, 30th May, B10, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (de Waal, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (de Waal, 2012; Armakolas and Klar, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Armakolas and Klar, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleAstrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions
ISSN (print)1810-6528
ISSN (online)1810-6536

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