How to format your references using the Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Velev, O. D.: Materials science. Self-assembly of unusual nanoparticle crystals, Science, 312(5772), 376–377, 2006.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hossfeld, U. and Olsson, L.: Portraits of science. From the modern synthesis to Lysenkoism, and back?, Science, 297(5578), 55–56, 2002.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyer, P., Saez, L. and Young, M. W.: PER-TIM interactions in living Drosophila cells: an interval timer for the circadian clock, Science, 311(5758), 226–229, 2006.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Jiang, L., Mancuso, M., Lu, Z., Akar, G., Cesarman, E. and Erickson, D.: Solar thermal polymerase chain reaction for smartphone-assisted molecular diagnostics, Sci. Rep., 4, 4137, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Peterson, R. L.: Trading on Sentiment, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ., 2016.
An edited book
Oerke, E.-C., Gerhards, R., Menz, G. and Sikora, R. A., Eds.: Precision Crop Protection - the Challenge and Use of Heterogeneity, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Ronse, C.: Orders on Partial Partitions and Maximal Partitioning of Sets, in Mathematical Morphology and Its Applications to Image and Signal Processing: 10th International Symposium, ISMM 2011, Verbania-Intra, Italy, July 6-8, 2011. Proceedings, edited by P. Soille, M. Pesaresi, and G. K. Ouzounis, pp. 49–60, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2011.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Engineered Viruses Could Fight Antibiotic-Resistant Bacteria, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Airport Privatization: Issues Related to the Sale of U.S. Commercial Airports, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Green, E. I.: Caregiver wellness: An inquiry of health risks among frontline direct caregivers of the elderly and disabled, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, Minneapolis, MN., 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, R. W.: Washington’s Secret Gun Files, New York Times, 16th June, A13, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Velev, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Hossfeld and Olsson, 2002; Velev, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hossfeld and Olsson, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiang et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAstrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions
ISSN (print)1810-6528
ISSN (online)1810-6536

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