How to format your references using the Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Claussen, E.: Climate policy. An effective approach to climate change, Science, 306, 816, 2004.
A journal article with 2 authors
Garrett, T. J. and Zhao, C.: Increased Arctic cloud longwave emissivity associated with pollution from mid-latitudes, Nature, 440, 787–789, 2006.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bascompte, J., Jordano, P., and Olesen, J. M.: Asymmetric coevolutionary networks facilitate biodiversity maintenance, Science, 312, 431–433, 2006.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Nishio, J., Gaglia, J. L., Turvey, S. E., Campbell, C., Benoist, C., and Mathis, D.: Islet recovery and reversal of murine type 1 diabetes in the absence of any infused spleen cell contribution, Science, 311, 1775–1778, 2006.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rees, P. A.: An Introduction to Zoo Biology and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
Banerjee, S. and Erçetin, Ş. Ş. (Eds.): Chaos, Complexity and Leadership 2012, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XIII, 568 p. 110 illus., 41 illus. in color pp., 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Butler, N. S. and Harty, J. T.: The Role of Inflammation in the Generation and Maintenance of Memory T Cells, in: Memory T Cells, edited by: Zanetti, M. and Schoenberger, S. P., Springer, New York, NY, 42–56, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions.

Blog post
Scientists Turn Harmful Algal Blooms Into High-Capacity Battery Components:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Environmental Satellite Acquisitions: Progress and Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Satterlee, R. T.: A case study of undergraduate student employment at a private university: Exploring the effects of social class and institutional context, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: As to the Direction of the Roberts Court: The Jury Is Still Out, New York Times, 7th March, A15, 2007.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Claussen, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Claussen, 2004; Garrett and Zhao, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Garrett and Zhao, 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Nishio et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleAstrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions
ISSN (print)1810-6528
ISSN (online)1810-6536

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