How to format your references using the Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Griffith, L. C.: Neuroscience: What females really want, Nature, 512, 138–139, 2014.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soundararajan, V. and Aravamudan, M.: Global connectivity of hub residues in Oncoprotein structures encodes genetic factors dictating personalized drug response to targeted Cancer therapy, Sci. Rep., 4, 7294, 2014.
A journal article with 3 authors
Keller, R. A., Fisk, M. R., and White, W. M.: Isotopic evidence for Late Cretaceous plume-ridge interaction at the Hawaiian hotspot, Nature, 405, 673–676, 2000.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Siegel, G., Prestgard, M. C., Teng, S., and Tiwari, A.: Robust longitudinal spin-Seebeck effect in Bi-YIG thin films, Sci. Rep., 4, 4429, 2014.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grant, G.: Ecosystem Services Come to Town, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2012.
An edited book
Koivurova, T., Keskitalo, E. C. H., and Bankes, N. (Eds.): Climate Governance in the Arctic, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, XX, 452 p pp., 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Vu, Q. H., Lupu, M., and Ooi, B. C.: Load Balancing and Replication, in: Peer-to-Peer Computing: Principles and Applications, edited by: Lupu, M. and Ooi, B. C., Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 127–156, 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions.

Blog post
New Method Helps Astronomers Directly Image Exoplanets Around Distant Stars:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Space Exploration: Cost, Schedule, and Performance of NASA’s Magellan Mission to Venus, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Safi Samghabadi, P.: Kinematic analysis and control design of a retractable wheel mechanism using optimal control theory, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Itzkoff, D., Bai, M., Spitznagel, E., Hodgman, J., Reeves, H., Henig, S., Gross, J., Sittenfeld, C., Batali, M., Newton, M., Hanel, M., Skurnick, L., Kelly, J., and Danza, T.: The One Page Magazine, New York Times, 26th August, MM13, 2012.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Griffith, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Griffith, 2014; Soundararajan and Aravamudan, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Soundararajan and Aravamudan, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Siegel et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleAstrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions
ISSN (print)1810-6528
ISSN (online)1810-6536

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