How to format your references using the Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Konner, M.: Bad words, Nature, 411(6839), 743, 2001.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell, J. J. and Bhandoola, A.: The earliest thymic progenitors for T cells possess myeloid lineage potential, Nature, 452(7188), 764–767, 2008.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wada-Katsumata, A., Silverman, J. and Schal, C.: Changes in taste neurons support the emergence of an adaptive behavior in cockroaches, Science, 340(6135), 972–975, 2013.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Gutmann, S., Haebel, P. W., Metzinger, L., Sutter, M., Felden, B. and Ban, N.: Crystal structure of the transfer-RNA domain of transfer-messenger RNA in complex with SmpB, Nature, 424(6949), 699–703, 2003.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vander Vorst, A., Rosen, A. and Kotsuka, Y.: RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ., 2005.
An edited book
Herik, H. J. van D. and Spronck, P., Eds.: Advances in Computer Games: 12th International Conference, ACG 2009, Pamplona Spain, May 11-13, 2009. Revised Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg., 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
Koppe, R., Häusler, S., Poppen, F. and Hahn, A.: Process Model Based Methodology for Impact Analysis of New Design Methods, in Modelling and Management of Engineering Processes, edited by P. Heisig, P. J. Clarkson, and S. Vajna, pp. 53–64, Springer, London., 2010.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions.

Blog post
Fang, J.: How Many Eggs A Woman Has Reflects Her Heart Disease Risk, IFLScience [online] Available from: (Accessed 30 October 2018), 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Federal Research: Final Site Selection Process for DOE’s Super Collider, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC., 1989.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cortez, A.: Life Is A Highway: Finding Your Way and Finding the Words, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA., 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Film Series, New York Times, 2nd March, C27, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Konner, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bell and Bhandoola, 2008; Konner, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bell and Bhandoola, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Gutmann et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleAstrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions
ISSN (print)1810-6528
ISSN (online)1810-6536

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