How to format your references using the Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook, R. F.: Materials science. Probing the nanoscale, Science, 328, 183–184, 2010.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fan, Q. R. and Hendrickson, W. A.: Structure of human follicle-stimulating hormone in complex with its receptor, Nature, 433, 269–277, 2005.
A journal article with 3 authors
Atsumi, S., Hanai, T., and Liao, J. C.: Non-fermentative pathways for synthesis of branched-chain higher alcohols as biofuels, Nature, 451, 86–89, 2008.
A journal article with 100 or more authors
Borneman, A. R., Gianoulis, T. A., Zhang, Z. D., Yu, H., Rozowsky, J., Seringhaus, M. R., Wang, L. Y., Gerstein, M., and Snyder, M.: Divergence of transcription factor binding sites across related yeast species, Science, 317, 815–819, 2007.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anderson, D.: TKO Hiring!, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007.
An edited book
Le Thi, H. A., Nguyen, N. T., and Do, T. V. (Eds.): Advanced Computational Methods for Knowledge Engineering: Proceedings of 3rd International Conference on Computer Science, Applied Mathematics and Applications - ICCSAMA 2015, Springer International Publishing, Cham, XIV, 416 p. 129 illus pp., 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Rula, A., Maurino, A., and Batini, C.: Data Quality Issues in Linked Open Data, in: Data and Information Quality: Dimensions, Principles and Techniques, edited by: Scannapieco, M., Springer International Publishing, Cham, 87–112, 2016.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Astrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions.

Blog post
Invisibility Cloak Thinner Than Ever Before:, last access: 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: A Framework for Assessing and Improving Enterprise Architecture Management (Version 1.1) (Superseded by GAO-10-846G), U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodgers, R.: Phylogenomic Analysis of Fundulidae Using RNA-Sequencing Data, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M. and Steel, E.: Fox News, Pledging New Culture, Ousts Another Symbol of Old One, New York Times, 1st May, A1, 2017.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Cook, 2010; Fan and Hendrickson, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fan and Hendrickson, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Borneman et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleAstrophysics and Space Sciences Transactions
ISSN (print)1810-6528
ISSN (online)1810-6536

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