How to format your references using the Wave Motion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wave Motion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Butler, France finally picks Parisian site for new synchrotron, Nature. 407 (2000) 119–120.
A journal article with 2 authors
V. Capraro, A. Marcelletti, Do good actions inspire good actions in others?, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7470.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Torre, P. Bartolini, R. Righini, Structural relaxation in supercooled water by time-resolved spectroscopy, Nature. 428 (2004) 296–299.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Z. Chen, D. Yu, Y. Huang, Z. Zhang, T. Liu, J. Zhan, Tunable SERS-tags-hidden gold nanorattles for theranosis of cancer cells with single laser beam, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6709.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E.O. Afoakwa, Chocolate Science and Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2016.
An edited book
W. Pötz, U. Hohenester, J. Fabian, eds., Quantum Coherence: From Quarks to Solids, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Elen, S. Isebaert, F. De Keyzer, U. Himmelreich, S. Joniau, L. Tosco, W. Everaerts, T. Dresselaers, E. Lerut, R. Oyen, R. Bourne, F. Maes, K. Haustermans, Validation of an Improved Patient-Specific Mold Design for Registration of In-vivo MRI and Histology of the Prostate, in: R. Shekhar, S. Wesarg, M.Á. González Ballester, K. Drechsler, Y. Sato, M. Erdt, M.G. Linguraru, C. Oyarzun Laura (Eds.), Clinical Image-Based Procedures. Translational Research in Medical Imaging: 5th International Workshop, CLIP 2016, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2016, Athens, Greece, October 17, 2016, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 36–43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wave Motion.

Blog post
T. Hale, Artificial Intelligence Wins Almost $11,000 On Horse Bets, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Army Aviation Testing: Need to Reassess Consolidation Plan, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.N. Rozas, Searching for Reel Consequences: A Content Analysis of Risk Behaviors, Gender and Character Consequences in PG-13 Movie Trailers, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Kursk Fragments Recovered, New York Times. (2002) A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWave Motion
AbbreviationWave Motion
ISSN (print)0165-2125
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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