How to format your references using the Wave Motion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wave Motion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C.V. Dang, Gene regulation: fine-tuned amplification in cells, Nature. 511 (2014) 417–418.
A journal article with 2 authors
V.J.M. Salters, H.J.B. Dick, Mineralogy of the mid-ocean-ridge basalt source from neodymium isotopic composition of abyssal peridotites, Nature. 418 (2002) 68–72.
A journal article with 3 authors
Y. Yamamoto, D.W. Stock, W.R. Jeffery, Hedgehog signalling controls eye degeneration in blind cavefish, Nature. 431 (2004) 844–847.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.W. Fleischer, M. Segev, N.K. Efremidis, D.N. Christodoulides, Observation of two-dimensional discrete solitons in optically induced nonlinear photonic lattices, Nature. 422 (2003) 147–150.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.W. Ludders, M. McMillan, Errors in Veterinary Anesthesia, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
J. Singh, Robust SRAM Designs and Analysis, Springer, New York, NY, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
J. Li, L. Alem, W. Huang, Supporting Frontline Health Workers Through the Use of a Mobile Collaboration Tool, in: X. Yin, K. Ho, D. Zeng, U. Aickelin, R. Zhou, H. Wang (Eds.), Health Information Science: 4th International Conference, HIS 2015, Melbourne, Australia, May 28-30, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wave Motion.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How Myths And Tabloids Feed On Anomalies In Science, IFLScience. (2014). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Radio Marti: Program Review Processes Need Strengthening, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. De La Cruz, School social work programing for an elementary school: A grant writing project, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Vanderwoude, Precious Scents on Father’s Day, New York Times. (2016) A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWave Motion
AbbreviationWave Motion
ISSN (print)0165-2125
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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