How to format your references using the Wave Motion citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Wave Motion. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
F.M. Watt, Mammalian skin cell biology: at the interface between laboratory and clinic, Science. 346 (2014) 937–940.
A journal article with 2 authors
B. Hedwig, J.F.A. Poulet, Complex auditory behaviour emerges from simple reactive steering, Nature. 430 (2004) 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.M. Gómez, M. Verdú, F. Perfectti, Ecological interactions are evolutionarily conserved across the entire tree of life, Nature. 465 (2010) 918–921.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M.J. Walmsley, S.K.T. Ooi, L.F. Reynolds, S.H. Smith, S. Ruf, A. Mathiot, L. Vanes, D.A. Williams, M.P. Cancro, V.L.J. Tybulewicz, Critical roles for Rac1 and Rac2 GTPases in B cell development and signaling, Science. 302 (2003) 459–462.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A.F. Garton, Exploring Cognitive Development: The Child as Problem Solver, Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford, UK, 2008.
An edited book
G. Bourque, N. El-Mabrouk, eds., Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2006 International Workshop, RCG 2006 Montreal, Canada, September 24-26, 2006 Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Z. Shao, Y. Zhang, Quantitative Comparison of ChIP-Seq Data Sets Using MAnorm, in: A.E. Teschendorff (Ed.), Computational and Statistical Epigenomics, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2015: pp. 69–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Wave Motion.

Blog post
J. Fang, You Have Flies to Thank for That Pleasing Beer Smell, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S. General Accounting Office Strategic Plan for Administrative ADP Systems, 1981-85, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1980.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.D. Cervantes-Kelly, Translation and interpretation as a means to improve bilingual high school students’ English and Spanish academic language proficiency, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S.K. (nyt), World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Headscarves Banned From ID Photos, New York Times. (2002) A4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWave Motion
AbbreviationWave Motion
ISSN (print)0165-2125
ScopeGeneral Physics and Astronomy

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