How to format your references using the Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marais, R. (2015). RETROSPECTIVE. Christopher Marshall (1949-2015). Science (New York, N.Y.), 350(6264), 1040.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kaspi, Y., & Schneider, T. (2011). Winter cold of eastern continental boundaries induced by warm ocean waters. Nature, 471(7340), 621–624.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bugreev, D. V., Mazina, O. M., & Mazin, A. V. (2006). Rad54 protein promotes branch migration of Holliday junctions. Nature, 442(7102), 590–593.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Hirata, S., Matsuda, G., Ueno, A., Fukushima, H., Fuwa, K., Sugama, K., Kusunoki, K., Tomonaga, M., Hiraki, K., & Hasegawa, T. (2013). Brain response to affective pictures in the chimpanzee. Scientific Reports, 3, 1342.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tripathi, N., Singh, R. S., & Hills, C. D. (2016). Reclamation of Mine-Impacted Land for Ecosystem Recovery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ge, X., Ifenthaler, D., & Spector, J. M. (Eds.). (2015). Emerging Technologies for STEAM Education: Full STEAM Ahead. Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Skevik, K.-A., Goebel, V., & Plagemann, T. (2008). Design, Prototype, and Evaluation of a Network Monitoring Library. In C. Rong, M. G. Jaatun, F. E. Sandnes, L. T. Yang, & J. Ma (Eds.), Autonomic and Trusted Computing: 5th International Conference, ATC 2008, Oslo, Norway, June 23-25, 2008 Proceedings (pp. 21–35). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, May 5). Neuralink Wants To Wire Your Brain To The Internet – What Could Possibly Go Wrong? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1999). Research and Development: Counterdrug Technology Assessment Center’s Process for Funding Projects (AIMD-99-277R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brown, E. R. (2011). Comparison of instructional techniques of high school economics teachers in Georgia and Shenzhen, China [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Photographs by GEORGE ETHEREDGE for THE NEW YORK TIMES. (2017, April 28). Voyeur: Construction Portholes. New York Times, RE8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Marais, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Kaspi & Schneider, 2011; Marais, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kaspi & Schneider, 2011)
  • Three authors: (Bugreev et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Hirata et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention
AbbreviationEvid. Based Commun. Assess. Interv.
ISSN (print)1748-9539
ISSN (online)1748-9547
Cognitive Neuroscience
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

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