How to format your references using the Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carmeliet, P. (2001). Biomedicine. Clotting factors build blood vessels. Science (New York, N.Y.), 293(5535), 1602–1604.
A journal article with 2 authors
Meinhart, A., & Cramer, P. (2004). Recognition of RNA polymerase II carboxy-terminal domain by 3’-RNA-processing factors. Nature, 430(6996), 223–226.
A journal article with 3 authors
Santos, M. D., Dorogovtsev, S. N., & Mendes, J. F. F. (2014). Biased imitation in coupled evolutionary games in interdependent networks. Scientific Reports, 4, 4436.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yamanouchi, M., Chiba, D., Matsukura, F., & Ohno, H. (2004). Current-induced domain-wall switching in a ferromagnetic semiconductor structure. Nature, 428(6982), 539–542.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nasr, V. G., & DiNardo, J. A. (2017). The Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Maggino, F., & Nuvolati, G. (Eds.). (2012). Quality of life in Italy: Research and Reflections (Vol. 48). Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Worbs, T., & Förster, R. (2009). T Cell Migration Dynamics Within Lymph Nodes During Steady State: An Overview of Extracellular and Intracellular Factors Influencing the Basal Intranodal T Cell Motility. In M. Dustin & D. McGavern (Eds.), Visualizing Immunity (pp. 71–105). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Evidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017, January 23). Psychopaths May Have Below Average Levels Of Intelligence, Despite Their Reputation. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2004). Highway Safety: Improved Monitoring and Oversight of Traffic Safety Data Program Are Needed (GAO-05-24). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stitt, C. R. (2008). Differences in theoretical constructs of processing health information in narrative entertainment television messages [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. (2002, September 29). Judge Won’t Lock the Stable Until Horses Have a Home. New York Times, 146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carmeliet, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Carmeliet, 2001; Meinhart & Cramer, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meinhart & Cramer, 2004)
  • Three authors: (Santos et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Yamanouchi et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleEvidence-Based Communication Assessment and Intervention
AbbreviationEvid. Based Commun. Assess. Interv.
ISSN (print)1748-9539
ISSN (online)1748-9547
Cognitive Neuroscience
Linguistics and Language
Speech and Hearing

Other styles