How to format your references using the Water resources and rural development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water resources and rural development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cook, N., 2008. Beyond the notes. Nature 453, 1186–1187.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zens, M.S., Webb, C.O., 2002. Ecology. Sizing up the shape of life. Science 295, 1475–1476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lan, R., Irvine, J.T.S., Tao, S., 2013. Synthesis of ammonia directly from air and water at ambient temperature and pressure. Sci. Rep. 3, 1145.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morrish, T.A., Garcia-Perez, J.L., Stamato, T.D., Taccioli, G.E., Sekiguchi, J., Moran, J.V., 2007. Endonuclease-independent LINE-1 retrotransposition at mammalian telomeres. Nature 446, 208–212.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Middleton, D., 2012. Non-Gaussian Statistical Communication Theory. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Aleksy, M., 2005. Implementing Distributed Systems with Java and CORBA. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Hübner, L., 2015. A Service Hardware Application Case Fiducia, in: Fleischmann, A., Schmidt, W., Stary, C. (Eds.), S-BPM in the Wild: Practical Value Creation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 75–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water resources and rural development.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. Glacier National Park Will Soon Have No Glaciers [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Precollege Math and Science Education: Department of Energy’s Precollege Program Managed Ineffectively (No. HEHS-94-208). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shlapak, A., 2013. Mental health of foster youth in Ventura County (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2004. Critics See Kremlin’s Hand in Charges Against Ex-K.G.B. Agent. New York Times 127.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cook, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Cook, 2008; Zens and Webb, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Zens and Webb, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Morrish et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater resources and rural development
AbbreviationWater Resour. Rural Dev.
ISSN (print)2212-6082
ScopeWater Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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