How to format your references using the Water resources and rural development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water resources and rural development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson, S., 2009. Journal club. An organic chemist highlights an ingenious way to make radiotracers. Nature 457, 515.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rowe, C., Healy, S.D., 2011. Evolution. Is bigger always better? Science 333, 708–709.
A journal article with 3 authors
Shinkai, K., Mohrs, M., Locksley, R.M., 2002. Helper T cells regulate type-2 innate immunity in vivo. Nature 420, 825–829.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Mashiko, D., Fujihara, Y., Satouh, Y., Miyata, H., Isotani, A., Ikawa, M., 2013. Generation of mutant mice by pronuclear injection of circular plasmid expressing Cas9 and single guided RNA. Sci. Rep. 3, 3355.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bhaduri, S., Mukesh, D., 2014. Homogeneous Catalysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hinterdorfer, P., Oijen, A. (Eds.), 2009. Handbook of Single-Molecule Biophysics. Springer US, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Chen, W., Lu, P., Sun, X., Tang, B., Wang, Y., Zhu, Z.A., 2011. Optimal Pricing in Social Networks with Incomplete Information, in: Chen, N., Elkind, E., Koutsoupias, E. (Eds.), Internet and Network Economics: 7th International Workshop, WINE 2011, Singapore, December 11-14, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 49–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water resources and rural development.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. You Probably Have Herpes [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1999. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (No. OCG-99-18). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vento, K.A., 2017. The Effects of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Subjective Well-Being of Collegiate Athletes (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wasik, J.F., 2016. Accelerators Lend Help to a Business Idea Trying to Catch Fire. New York Times B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gibson, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Gibson, 2009; Rowe and Healy, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rowe and Healy, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Mashiko et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater resources and rural development
AbbreviationWater Resour. Rural Dev.
ISSN (print)2212-6082
ScopeWater Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles