How to format your references using the Water resources and rural development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water resources and rural development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wurthner, F., 2006. Chemistry. Generating a photocurrent on the nanometer scale. Science 314, 1693–1694.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lubchenco, J., Sutley, N., 2010. Science policy. Proposed U.S. policy for ocean, coast, and Great Lakes stewardship. Science 328, 1485–1486.
A journal article with 3 authors
Furuya, T., Kamlet, A.S., Ritter, T., 2011. Catalysis for fluorination and trifluoromethylation. Nature 473, 470–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hirota, K., Miyoshi, T., Kugou, K., Hoffman, C.S., Shibata, T., Ohta, K., 2008. Stepwise chromatin remodelling by a cascade of transcription initiation of non-coding RNAs. Nature 456, 130–134.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lui, S.H., 2011. Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Dale, C., Anderson, T. (Eds.), 2010. Making Systems Safer: Proceedings of the Eighteenth Safety-Critical Systems Symposium, Bristol, UK, 9-11th February 2010. Springer, London.
A chapter in an edited book
Saadat, M., 2011. Challenges in the Assembly of Large Aerospace Components, in: Fathi, M., Holland, A., Ansari, F., Weber, C. (Eds.), Integrated Systems, Design and Technology 2010: Knowledge Transfer in New Technologies. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 37–46.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water resources and rural development.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Alcohol And Love Have Very Similar Effects On The Brain [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1997. FASAB Volume 1 Original Statements: Statements of Federal Financial Accounting Concepts and Standards (No. AIMD-21.1.1). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Makovec, M.G., 2008. A study of the factors predicting attrition and contributing to the attrition rate of high school teachers in Hampton Roads, Virginia (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. A Harbinger of U.S. Woes. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wurthner, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Lubchenco and Sutley, 2010; Wurthner, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lubchenco and Sutley, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Hirota et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater resources and rural development
AbbreviationWater Resour. Rural Dev.
ISSN (print)2212-6082
ScopeWater Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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