How to format your references using the Water resources and rural development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water resources and rural development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A., 2003. Social scientists call for abolition of dishonesty committee. Nature 421, 681.
A journal article with 2 authors
Green, P., Ewing, B., 2013. Comment on “Evidence of abundant purifying selection in humans for recently acquired regulatory functions.” Science 340, 682.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jones, G.H., Balogh, A., Horbury, T.S., 2000. Identification of comet Hyakutake’s extremely long ion tail from magnetic field signatures. Nature 404, 574–576.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Coe, S., Woo, W.-K., Bawendi, M., Bulović, V., 2002. Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices. Nature 420, 800–803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker, D., 2011. Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Trombetta, C., Liguori, G., Bertolotto, M. (Eds.), 2015. Management of Gender Dysphoria: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer, Milano.
A chapter in an edited book
Walther-Franks, B., Herrlich, M., Malaka, R., 2011. A Multi-touch System for 3D Modelling and Animation, in: Dickmann, L., Volkmann, G., Malaka, R., Boll, S., Krüger, A., Olivier, P. (Eds.), Smart Graphics: 11th International Symposium, SG 2011, Bremen, Germany, July 18-20, 2011. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 48–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water resources and rural development.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2015. Check Out These Amazing Artworks Created With Microbes In A Petri Dish [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. Information Technology Reform: Progress Made; More Needs to Be Done to Complete Actions and Measure Results (No. GAO-12-745T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreau, E.L., 2014. Sailing on a Sea of Hope: Exploring the Impact of Federal Consolidation on Individual Identification and Organizational Identity (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Palmer, E., Otis, J., 2017. Lifting Hope, With Global Reach. New York Times A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott, 2003; Green and Ewing, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Green and Ewing, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Coe et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater resources and rural development
AbbreviationWater Resour. Rural Dev.
ISSN (print)2212-6082
ScopeWater Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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