How to format your references using the Water resources and rural development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water resources and rural development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rothwell, N., 2004. One more thing. Nature 427, 683.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rodríguez-Trelles, F., Rodríguez, M.A., 2007. Comment on “Global genetic change tracks global climate warming in Drosophila subobscura.” Science 315, 1497; author reply 1497.
A journal article with 3 authors
Feng, S., Jacobsen, S.E., Reik, W., 2010. Epigenetic reprogramming in plant and animal development. Science 330, 622–627.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, B., Wang, X., Chen, H., Wang, Z., Chen, D., Cheng, Y.-B., Zhou, C., Shen, G., 2013. Hierarchical silicon nanowires-carbon textiles matrix as a binder-free anode for high-performance advanced lithium-ion batteries. Sci. Rep. 3, 1622.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McGrath, A.E., 2011. Luther’s Theology of the Cross. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK.
An edited book
Chirici, G., Winter, S., McRoberts, R.E. (Eds.), 2011. National Forest Inventories: Contributions to Forest Biodiversity Assessments, Managing Forest Ecosystems. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Vullo, V., Vivio, F., 2013. Disk of Uniform Strength, in: Vivio, F. (Ed.), Rotors: Stress Analysis and Design, Mechanical Engineering Series. Springer, Milano, pp. 89–101.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water resources and rural development.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. How the Natural World has Helped Influence Culture and Society [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. New L.A. Federal Courthouse: Evidence Is Insufficient To Suggest That Congress Reconsider Its Approval (No. GGD-88-43BR). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wen, J., 2012. Moving office document processing into the cloud (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Erlanger, S., Kanter, J., 2017. Starting British Election Campaign, May Warns of E.U. Meddling. New York Times A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rothwell, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Rodríguez-Trelles and Rodríguez, 2007; Rothwell, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rodríguez-Trelles and Rodríguez, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater resources and rural development
AbbreviationWater Resour. Rural Dev.
ISSN (print)2212-6082
ScopeWater Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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