How to format your references using the Bulletin of the World Health Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the World Health Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Berkley S. Make vaccine coverage a key UN health indicator. Nature. 2015 Oct 8;526(7572):165.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hébert SS, De Strooper B. Molecular biology. miRNAs in neurodegeneration. Science. 2007 Aug 31;317(5842):1179–80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Nagao K, Adachi Y, Yanagida M. Separase-mediated cleavage of cohesin at interphase is required for DNA repair. Nature. 2004 Aug 26;430(7003):1044–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Neumüller RA, Betschinger J, Fischer A, Bushati N, Poernbacher I, Mechtler K, et al. Mei-P26 regulates microRNAs and cell growth in the Drosophila ovarian stem cell lineage. Nature. 2008 Jul 10;454(7201):241–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Islam MR, Islam JS, Zatzman GM, Mughal MAH, Rahman MS. The Greening of Pharmaceutical Engineering. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc.; 2016.
An edited book
1.
Lee GG, Mariani J, Minker W, Nakamura S, editors. Spoken Dialogue Systems for Ambient Environments: Second International Workshop on Spoken Dialogue Systems Technology, IWSDS 2010, Gotemba, Shizuoka, Japan, October 1-2, 2010. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. XI, 199 p. 65 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 6392).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ko PY, Adamson B. Chinese Language Pedagogy and Human Dignity: The Special Rank Teacher in the Aftermath of the Cultural Revolution. In: Leung CB, Ruan J, editors. Perspectives on Teaching and Learning Chinese Literacy in China. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012. p. 61–80. (Multilingual Education).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the World Health Organization.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. Watch A Parachute Drop Go Wrong As Three Cars Slam Into The Ground [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/physics-deals-cruel-hand-us-armys-car-parachute-drop/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Public-Safety Broadband Network: FirstNet Has Made Progress Establishing the Network, but Should Address Stakeholder Concerns and Workforce Planning. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017 Jun. Report No.: GAO-17-569.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ross TA. The surgical technologist learning partnership: A comparison of factors in a preceptor relationship [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Novick SM. Feast of Championships. New York Times. 2015 Jan 18;LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the World Health Organization
AbbreviationBull. World Health Organ.
ISSN (print)0042-9686
ISSN (online)1564-0604
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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