How to format your references using the Bulletin of the World Health Organization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Bulletin of the World Health Organization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
von Andrian UH. Immunology. T cell activation in six dimensions. Science. 2002 Jun 7;296(5574):1815–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Karlan D, Zinman J. Microcredit in theory and practice: using randomized credit scoring for impact evaluation. Science. 2011 Jun 10;332(6035):1278–84.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bryden HL, McDonagh EL, King BA. Changes in ocean water mass properties: oscillations or trends? Science. 2003 Jun 27;300(5628):2086–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Fairman ME, Maroney PA, Wang W, Bowers HA, Gollnick P, Nilsen TW, et al. Protein displacement by DExH/D “RNA helicases” without duplex unwinding. Science. 2004 Apr 30;304(5671):730–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Edmonds ME, Foster AVM, Sanders LJ. A Practical Manual of Diabetic Foot Care. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing; 2008.
An edited book
1.
Ruiz-Trillo I, Nedelcu AM, editors. Evolutionary Transitions to Multicellular Life: Principles and mechanisms. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. XVI, 489 p. 80 illus., 40 illus. in color. (Advances in Marine Genomics; vol. 2).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Fuhl W, Kübler T, Sippel K, Rosenstiel W, Kasneci E. ExCuSe: Robust Pupil Detection in Real-World Scenarios. In: Azzopardi G, Petkov N, editors. Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns: 16th International Conference, CAIP 2015, Valletta, Malta, September 2-4, 2015 Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 39–51. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Bulletin of the World Health Organization.

Blog post
1.
Taub B. Scientists Develop Compound That Can Deliver Drugs To Site Of Brain Injuries. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Financial Audit: The Federal Communications Commission’s Fiscal Year 2004 Management Representation Letter on Its Financial Statements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Jul. Report No.: GAO-05-608R.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Tickner A. Production and consumption at the hillfort site of Mont Dardon, France: An archeobotanical analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Hollander S. Soccer at Haverford: More Than a Game. New York Times. 2002 Oct 9;D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleBulletin of the World Health Organization
AbbreviationBull. World Health Organ.
ISSN (print)0042-9686
ISSN (online)1564-0604
ScopePublic Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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