How to format your references using the Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yamanaka, S., 2011. Genome-sequencing anniversary. Of mice and humans. Science 331, 873.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fan, Q.R., Hendrickson, W.A., 2005. Structure of human follicle-stimulating hormone in complex with its receptor. Nature 433, 269–277.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander, J.M., Diez, J.M., Levine, J.M., 2015. Novel competitors shape species’ responses to climate change. Nature 525, 515–518.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
van Delden, R.A., ter Wiel, M.K.J., Pollard, M.M., Vicario, J., Koumura, N., Feringa, B.L., 2005. Unidirectional molecular motor on a gold surface. Nature 437, 1337–1340.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Hens, H., 2012. Applied Building Physics. Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany.
An edited book
Eppelbaum, L., 2012. Geophysical Studies in the Caucasus, Lecture Notes in Earth System Sciences. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Viktorova, I., Fairchild, K., Fischer, J., 2013. Modeling Heat Explosion for a Viscoelastic Material, in: Rychtář, J., Gupta, S., Shivaji, R., Chhetri, M. (Eds.), Topics from the 8th Annual UNCG Regional Mathematics and Statistics Conference, Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 31–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Watch Expedition 42/43 Crew Launch Live! [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2009. Small Business Innovation Research: Observations on Agencies’ Data Collection and Eligibility Determination Efforts (No. GAO-09-956T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Diaz, D., 2015. A discrete hollow—Los Angeles (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Leland, J., 2017. Dance Moves, Everywhere. New York Times MB8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yamanaka, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Fan and Hendrickson, 2005; Yamanaka, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fan and Hendrickson, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (van Delden et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBeni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-8535

Other styles