How to format your references using the Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nelson, J., 2001. Solar energy. Solar cells by self-assembly? Science 293, 1059–1060.
A journal article with 2 authors
Brivanlou, A.H., Darnell, J.E., Jr, 2002. Signal transduction and the control of gene expression. Science 295, 813–818.
A journal article with 3 authors
Melcák, I., Hoelz, A., Blobel, G., 2007. Structure of Nup58/45 suggests flexible nuclear pore diameter by intermolecular sliding. Science 315, 1729–1732.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yoon, J.W., Lee, J.H., Song, S.H., Magnusson, R., 2014. Unified theory of surface-plasmonic enhancement and extinction of light transmission through metallic nanoslit arrays. Sci. Rep. 4, 5683.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell, G., 2005. The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Fensel, D., 2011. Semantic Web Services. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Kantor, S., Albahrani, M.J., Prakash, S., 2015. Nutrition in Neuro-ICU, in: Wartenberg, K.E., Shukri, K., Abdelhak, T. (Eds.), Neurointensive Care: A Clinical Guide to Patient Safety. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 57–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2016. How Events In Panama Created The Modern World (Millions Of Years Ago) [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1973. Common Interests of Government and Schools of Business and Administration in Improving Management in Government (No. 094536). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
San Miguel, A.M., 2010. Lived experiences and perceptions on mentoring among Latina scientists and engineers (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Philpott, M.L., 2017. Finding What I Need at the Mall. New York Times SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nelson, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Brivanlou and Darnell, 2002; Nelson, 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Brivanlou and Darnell, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoon et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBeni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-8535

Other styles