How to format your references using the Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wang, L., 2003. Amersham Prize winner. Expanding the genetic code. Science 302, 584–585.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orton, G.S., Yanamandra-Fisher, P.A., 2005. Saturn’s temperature field from high-resolution middle-infrared imaging. Science 307, 696–698.
A journal article with 3 authors
Harker, D.E., Woodward, C.E., Wooden, D.H., 2005. The dust grains from 9P/Tempel 1 before and after the encounter with Deep Impact. Science 310, 278–280.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Reiter, J.G., Makohon-Moore, A.P., Gerold, J.M., Heyde, A., Attiyeh, M.A., Kohutek, Z.A., Tokheim, C.J., Brown, A., DeBlasio, R.M., Niyazov, J., Zucker, A., Karchin, R., Kinzler, K.W., Iacobuzio-Donahue, C.A., Vogelstein, B., Nowak, M.A., 2018. Minimal functional driver gene heterogeneity among untreated metastases. Science 361, 1033–1037.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labadie, N., Prins, C., Prodhon, C., 2016. Metaheuristics for Vehicle Routing Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Novick, A.C., Stephen Jones, J., Gill, I.S., Klein, E.A., Rackley, R., Ross, J.H. (Eds.), 2006. Operative Urology at the Cleveland Clinic. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ.
A chapter in an edited book
Petersson, B., Vamling, K., 2016. Vanished in the Haze: White Elephants, Environmental Degradation and Circassian Marginalization in Post-Olympics Sochi, in: Makarychev, A., Yatsyk, A. (Eds.), Mega Events in Post-Soviet Eurasia: Shifting Borderlines of Inclusion and Exclusion. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY, pp. 59–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Particles From Outside Our Solar System Found [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. Motor Vehicle Regulations: Regulatory Cost Estimates Could Be Improved (No. RCED-92-110). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Penix-Tadsen, P., 2009. Marketing marginality: Resistance and commodification in contemporary Latin American cultural production (Doctoral dissertation). Columbia University, New York, NY.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz, J., 2016. A Climate Change Evangelist. New York Times D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wang, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Orton and Yanamandra-Fisher, 2005; Wang, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Orton and Yanamandra-Fisher, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Reiter et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleBeni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-8535

Other styles