How to format your references using the Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bohannon, J., 2008. The Gonzo Scientist. Slaying monsters for science. Science 320, 1592.
A journal article with 2 authors
Milczarek, G., Inganäs, O., 2012. Renewable cathode materials from biopolymer/conjugated polymer interpenetrating networks. Science 335, 1468–1471.
A journal article with 3 authors
Monteggia, L.M., Malenka, R.C., Deisseroth, K., 2014. Depression: the best way forward. Nature 515, 200–201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Buxton, J.L., Suderman, M., Pappas, J.J., Borghol, N., McArdle, W., Blakemore, A.I.F., Hertzman, C., Power, C., Szyf, M., Pembrey, M., 2014. Human leukocyte telomere length is associated with DNA methylation levels in multiple subtelomeric and imprinted loci. Sci. Rep. 4, 4954.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wells, A.R., Chiang, K., 2017. Monetizing Your Data. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gries, D., 2005. Multimedia Introduction to Programming Using Java. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Rangnekar, A., LaBean, T.H., 2014. Tile-Based DNA Nano-assemblies, in: Kjems, J., Ferapontova, E., Gothelf, K.V. (Eds.), Nucleic Acid Nanotechnology, Nucleic Acids and Molecular Biology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 71–92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2014. Meltwater Moves A Bridge Too Far [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. Major Management Challenges and Program Risks: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (No. GAO-03-114). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schmittel, M., 2013. The Children First Foundation Parenting Education Program: A Study on the Effectiveness of a Divorce Parenting Education Program (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Jacoby, S., 2014. The Golden Rule. New York Times BR7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bohannon, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bohannon, 2008; Milczarek and Inganäs, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Milczarek and Inganäs, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Buxton et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBeni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-8535

Other styles