How to format your references using the Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zieminska, D., 2015. High-energy physics: Proton smasher spots rare particle decays. Nature 522, 42–43.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hedstrom, L., Frey, P.A., 2000. Robert H. Abeles (1926-2000). Nature 407, 854.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rajagopalan, J., Han, J.H., Saif, M.T.A., 2007. Plastic deformation recovery in freestanding nanocrystalline aluminum and gold thin films. Science 315, 1831–1834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nicol, S., Pauly, T., Bindoff, N.L., Wright, S., Thiele, D., Hosie, G.W., Strutton, P.G., Woehler, E., 2000. Ocean circulation off east Antarctica affects ecosystem structure and sea-ice extent. Nature 406, 504–507.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birla, R., 2014. Introduction to Tissue Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Jiang, X., Bellon, O.R.P., Goldgof, D., Oishi, T. (Eds.), 2013. Advances in Depth Image Analysis and Applications: International Workshop, WDIA 2012, Tsukuba, Japan, November 11, 2012, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Tian, J., Chen, J., Chen, G., Wu, P., Zhang, H., Zhao, Y., 2015. The Concept and Research Progress of MAS, in: Chen, J., Chen, G., Wu, P., Zhang, H., Zhao, Y. (Eds.), Genetic Analyses of Wheat and Molecular Marker-Assisted Breeding, Volume 2: Conditional QTL Analysis and MAS. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 179–185.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Deadly Medical Errors Are Less Common Than Headlines Suggest [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2006. Health Information Technology: HHS is Continuing Efforts to Define a National Strategy (No. GAO-06-346T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keep, A.W., 2013. A nanopass framework for commercial compiler development (Doctoral dissertation). Indiana University, Bloomington, IN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shear, M.D., 2017. Trump Tells N.R.A.: ‘I Am Going to Come Through for You.’ New York Times A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zieminska, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Hedstrom and Frey, 2000; Zieminska, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hedstrom and Frey, 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Nicol et al., 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleBeni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
ISSN (print)2314-8535

Other styles