How to format your references using the Modern Language Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modern Language Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rubinsztein, David C., ‘The Roles of Intracellular Protein-Degradation Pathways in Neurodegeneration’, Nature, 443.7113 (2006), 780–86
A journal article with 2 authors
Yoshida, Naohiro, and Jota Kanda, ‘Geochemistry. Tracking the Fukushima Radionuclides’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 336.6085 (2012), 1115–16
A journal article with 3 authors
Bettencourt, Luís M. A., Horacio Samaniego, and Hyejin Youn, ‘Professional Diversity and the Productivity of Cities’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 5393
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kramer, S. G., T. Kidd, J. H. Simpson, and C. S. Goodman, ‘Switching Repulsion to Attraction: Changing Responses to Slit during Transition in Mesoderm Migration’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 292.5517 (2001), 737–40

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
DeRosa, Thomas F., Advances in Polymer Chemistry and Methods Reported in Recent US Patents (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2008)
An edited book
Roux, Cornelia, ed., Safe Spaces: Human Rights Education in Diverse Contexts, Critical Issues in the Future of Learning and Teaching (Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2012), v
A chapter in an edited book
El-Habr, Habib N., and Melanie Hutchinson, ‘Efforts of Regional and International Organisations in Reducing Levels of Pollution in the Gulf’, in Protecting the Gulf’s Marine Ecosystems from Pollution, ed. by Abdulaziz H. Abuzinada, Hans-Jörg Barth, Friedhelm Krupp, Benno Böer, and Thabit Zahran Al Abdessalaam (Basel: Birkhäuser, 2008), pp. 93–106

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modern Language Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Lab Grown Skin Could Aid Our Understanding Of Skin Disorders’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2014) <> [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Station: Cost Control Problems Continue to Worsen (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 18 June 1997)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gatti, Daniel M., ‘Genome-Wide Analysis of Transcriptional Regulation in the Murine Liver’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, Mary, ‘Exit Hammet, Enter Holmes’, New York Times, 19 August 2010, p. E5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleModern Language Review
ISSN (print)0026-7937
ISSN (online)2222-4319
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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