How to format your references using the Modern Language Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modern Language Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glassmeier, Karl-Heinz, ‘Planetary Science. Magnetic Twisters on Mercury’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 324.5927 (2009), 597–98
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, Ming, and Wu-Ming Liu, ‘The D-p Band-Inversion Topological Insulator in Bismuth-Based Skutterudites’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 5131
A journal article with 3 authors
Insel, Thomas R., Story C. Landis, and Francis S. Collins, ‘Research Priorities. The NIH BRAIN Initiative’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 340.6133 (2013), 687–88
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Vogeley, Lutz, Oleg A. Sineshchekov, Vishwa D. Trivedi, Jun Sasaki, John L. Spudich, and Hartmut Luecke, ‘Anabaena Sensory Rhodopsin: A Photochromic Color Sensor at 2.0 A’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 306.5700 (2004), 1390–93

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Green, Stuart D., Making Sense of Construction Improvement (Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, 2011)
An edited book
Zhang, Xianmin, Honghai Liu, Zhong Chen, and Nianfeng Wang, eds., Intelligent Robotics and Applications: 7th International Conference, ICIRA 2014, Guangzhou, China, December 17-20, 2014, Proceedings, Part I, Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014),
A chapter in an edited book
Peeters, Steven, ‘Choosing the Best Workflow’, in Flash Builder and Flash Catalyst: The New Workflow, ed. by Clay Andres, Steve Anglin, Mark Beckner, Ewan Buckingham, Gary Cornell, Jonathan Gennick, and others (Berkeley, CA: Apress, 2010), pp. 131–85

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modern Language Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Why Rosetta Is The Greatest Space Mission Of Our Lifetime’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2014) <https://www.iflscience.com/space/why-rosetta-greatest-space-mission-our-lifetime/> [accessed 30 October 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology Reform: Progress Made; More Needs to Be Done to Complete Actions and Measure Results (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 26 April 2012)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Keels, Donn, ‘An Analysis of the Correlation between Teacher Effectiveness and Student Standardized Test Scores’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Carlson, Linda, ‘First the Proposal, Then Remodeling’, New York Times, 12 October 2012, p. ST6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Karl-Heinz Glassmeier, ‘Planetary Science. Magnetic Twisters on Mercury’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 324.5927 (2009), 597–98..
This sentence cites two references Karl-Heinz Glassmeier, ‘Planetary Science. Magnetic Twisters on Mercury’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 324.5927 (2009), 597–98; Ming Yang and Wu-Ming Liu, ‘The D-p Band-Inversion Topological Insulator in Bismuth-Based Skutterudites’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 5131..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Ming Yang and Wu-Ming Liu, ‘The D-p Band-Inversion Topological Insulator in Bismuth-Based Skutterudites’, Scientific Reports, 4 (2014), 5131.
  • Three authors: Thomas R. Insel, Story C. Landis, and Francis S. Collins, ‘Research Priorities. The NIH BRAIN Initiative’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 340.6133 (2013), 687–88.
  • 4 or more authors: Lutz Vogeley and others, ‘Anabaena Sensory Rhodopsin: A Photochromic Color Sensor at 2.0 A’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 306.5700 (2004), 1390–93 <https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1103943>.

About the journal

Full journal titleModern Language Review
ISSN (print)0026-7937
ISSN (online)2222-4319
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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