How to format your references using the Modern Language Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modern Language Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Service, Robert F., ‘American Chemical Society Meeting. Science Invades the Magic Kingdom’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 296.5567 (2002), 462–63
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowan, Nelson, and Jeffrey N. Rouder, ‘Comment on “Dynamic Shifts of Limited Working Memory Resources in Human Vision”’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 323.5916 (2009), 877; author reply 877
A journal article with 3 authors
Gandy, S., J. Naslund, and C. Nordstedt, ‘Alzheimer’s Disease. Molecular Consequences of Presenilin-1 Mutation’, Nature, 411.6838 (2001), 654–56
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Harte, John, Annette Ostling, Jessica L. Green, and Ann Kinzig, ‘Biodiversity Conservation: Climate Change and Extinction Risk’, Nature, 430.6995 (2004), 3 p following 33; discussion following 33

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Khan, M. M., and M. R. Islam, Zero Waste Engineering (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2016)
An edited book
Mason, Colina, and Felicity Rawlings-Sanaei, eds., Academic Migration, Discipline Knowledge and Pedagogical Practice: Voices from the Asia-Pacific (Singapore: Springer, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Traverso, Giulia, Denise Demirel, and Johannes Buchmann, ‘Suitable Homomorphic Signature Schemes for EVoting, Smart Grids, and EHealth’, in Homomorphic Signature Schemes: A Survey, ed. by Denise Demirel and Johannes Buchmann, SpringerBriefs in Computer Science (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016), pp. 53–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modern Language Review.

Blog post
Fang, Janet, ‘Hubble Spots Most Distant Cosmic Magnifying Glass Yet’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2014) <https://www.iflscience.com/space/hubble-spots-most-distant-cosmic-magnifying-glass-yet/> [accessed 30 October 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Teacher Training: Status and Participants’ Views of Delta Teachers Academy (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 29 June 1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dunn, Denise Nicole, ‘Non-Athlete Students’ Attitudes toward Student-Athletes: A Social Identity Approach’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, George, ‘Back to Brooklyn for a U.S. Eagle’, New York Times, 16 October 2011, p. SP10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Robert F. Service, ‘American Chemical Society Meeting. Science Invades the Magic Kingdom’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 296.5567 (2002), 462–63..
This sentence cites two references Robert F. Service, ‘American Chemical Society Meeting. Science Invades the Magic Kingdom’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 296.5567 (2002), 462–63; Nelson Cowan and Jeffrey N. Rouder, ‘Comment on “Dynamic Shifts of Limited Working Memory Resources in Human Vision”’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 323.5916 (2009), 877; author reply 877..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: Nelson Cowan and Jeffrey N. Rouder, ‘Comment on “Dynamic Shifts of Limited Working Memory Resources in Human Vision”’, Science (New York, N.Y.), 323.5916 (2009), 877; author reply 877.
  • Three authors: S. Gandy, J. Naslund, and C. Nordstedt, ‘Alzheimer’s Disease. Molecular Consequences of Presenilin-1 Mutation’, Nature, 411.6838 (2001), 654–56.
  • 4 or more authors: John Harte and others, ‘Biodiversity Conservation: Climate Change and Extinction Risk’, Nature, 430.6995 (2004), 3 p following 33; discussion following 33 <https://doi.org/10.1038/430003a>.

About the journal

Full journal titleModern Language Review
ISSN (print)0026-7937
ISSN (online)2222-4319
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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