How to format your references using the Modern Language Review citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Modern Language Review. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Berkman, Paul Arthur, ‘International Spaces Promote Peace’, Nature, 462 (2009), 412–13
A journal article with 2 authors
Lorenz, M. C., and G. R. Fink, ‘The Glyoxylate Cycle Is Required for Fungal Virulence’, Nature, 412 (2001), 83–86
A journal article with 3 authors
Carrez, Philippe, Denise Ferré, and Patrick Cordier, ‘Implications for Plastic Flow in the Deep Mantle from Modelling Dislocations in MgSiO3 Minerals’, Nature, 446 (2007), 68–70
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wang, Rongyue, Drew C. Higgins, Md Ariful Hoque, Dongun Lee, Fathy Hassan, and Zhongwei Chen, ‘Controlled Growth of Platinum Nanowire Arrays on Sulfur Doped Graphene as High Performance Electrocatalyst’, Scientific Reports, 3 (2013), 2431

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
He, Jinliang, Rong Zeng, and Bo Zhang, Methodology and Technology for Power System Grounding (Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd., 2012)
An edited book
Trescot, Andrea M., ed., Peripheral Nerve Entrapments: Clinical Diagnosis and Management (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Rosaci, Domenico, and Giuseppe M. L. Sarné, ‘REBECCA: A Trust-Based Filtering to Improve Recommendations for B2C e-Commerce’, in Intelligent Distributed Computing VII: Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Intelligent Distributed Computing - IDC 2013, Prague, Czech Republic, September 2013, ed. by Filip Zavoral, Jason J. Jung, and Costin Badica, Studies in Computational Intelligence (Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014), pp. 31–36

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Modern Language Review.

Blog post
Andrew, Elise, ‘Why Do Mirrors Seem To Flip Things Horizontally?’, IFLScience (IFLScience, 2015) <; [accessed 30 October 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Space Shuttle: Declining Budget and Tight Schedule Could Jeopardize Space Station Support (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 28 July 1995)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kantar, Lina, ‘Clinical Judgment among New Nursing Graduates: A Multiple-Case Study’ (unpublished Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, Kelly, ‘Growing More Diverse’, New York Times, 28 September 2008, p. NJ11

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Paul Arthur Berkman, ‘International Spaces Promote Peace’, Nature, 462.7272 (2009), 412–13..
This sentence cites two references Paul Arthur Berkman, ‘International Spaces Promote Peace’, Nature, 462.7272 (2009), 412–13; M. C. Lorenz and G. R. Fink, ‘The Glyoxylate Cycle Is Required for Fungal Virulence’, Nature, 412.6842 (2001), 83–86 <>..

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • 4 or more authors: Rongyue Wang and others, ‘Controlled Growth of Platinum Nanowire Arrays on Sulfur Doped Graphene as High Performance Electrocatalyst’, Scientific Reports, 3 (2013), 2431 <>.

About the journal

Full journal titleModern Language Review
ISSN (print)0026-7937
ISSN (online)2222-4319
ScopeLanguage and Linguistics
Literature and Literary Theory
Linguistics and Language

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