How to format your references using the Water Resources and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Resources and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.J. Kaufman, Geology. The calibration of Ediacaran time, Science. 308 (2005) 59–60.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.A. Nowak, K. Sigmund, Evolution of indirect reciprocity, Nature. 437 (2005) 1291–1298.
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Patterson, M. Schnell, J.M. Doyle, Enantiomer-specific detection of chiral molecules via microwave spectroscopy, Nature. 497 (2013) 475–477.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Xu, Z. Bai, B. Jin, R. Xiao, G. Zhuang, Bioconversion of wastewater from sweet potato starch production to Paenibacillus polymyxa biofertilizer for tea plants, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4131.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Darling-Hammond, D. Meyerson, M. LaPointe, M. Terry Orr, M. Barber, C. Cohen, K. Dailey, S. Davis, J. Flessa, J. Murphy, R. Pecheone, N. Tushnet, Preparing Principals for a Changing World, Jossey-Bas, San Francisco, CA, USA, 2009.
An edited book
M. Kashiwara, Categories and Sheaves, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
Q.-L. Zhang, Y.-R. Dai, J. Wang, R.-Y. Zhao, Research of Toxic Gas Diffusion Simulation Technology Based on Arc Engine, in: Y. Yang, M. Ma (Eds.), Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Green Communications and Networks 2012 (GCN 2012): Volume 3, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 35–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Resources and Economics.

Blog post
E. Andrew, New research suggests the most recent ancestor of Neanderthals and modern humans has not yet been discovered, IFLScience. (2013).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Airport Finance: Past Funding Levels May Not Be Sufficient to Cover Airports’ Planned Capital Development, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Hernandez, Growth and development of greenhouse vegetable seedlings under supplemental LED lighting, Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
P. Healy, ‘Brexit’ Revolt Casts a Shadow Over Clinton’s Path of Caution, New York Times. (2016) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Resources and Economics
AbbreviationWater Resour. Econ.
ISSN (print)2212-4284

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