How to format your references using the Aging Clinical and Experimental Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Aging Clinical and Experimental Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Spielman IB (2015) Physics. Assembling a complex quantum ensemble. Science 348:185–186
A journal article with 2 authors
Cloetingh S, Haq BU (2015) Sea level change. Inherited landscapes and sea level change. Science 347:1258375
A journal article with 3 authors
Larson KM, Bodin P, Gomberg J (2003) Using 1-Hz GPS data to measure deformations caused by the Denali fault earthquake. Science 300:1421–1424
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Forgues J-C, Sane FB, Blanchard S, et al (2013) Noise intensity-intensity correlations and the fourth cumulant of photo-assisted shot noise. Sci Rep 3:2869

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Allsopp W (2017) Advanced Penetration Testing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Indianapolis, Indiana
An edited book
Mathis K (2012) Efficiency, Sustainability, and Justice to Future Generations. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Shah SMA, Morisio M (2013) Complexity Metrics Significance for Defects: An Empirical View. In: Lu W, Cai G, Liu W, Xing W (eds) Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering: Software Engineering & Digital Media Technology. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 29–37

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Aging Clinical and Experimental Research.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) Mosquitos Captured In High-Speed Reveal Flight Unlike Any Other Insect. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1988) Space Shuttle: External Tank Procurement Does Not Comply With Competition in Contracting Act. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Page JA (2009) Contested urban space: Competing discourses of urban development and environmental conservation in Playa Vista, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B (2017) Springsteen’s Archives: (Where Else?) In Jersey. New York Times C3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAging Clinical and Experimental Research
AbbreviationAging Clin. Exp. Res.
ISSN (online)1720-8319
Geriatrics and Gerontology

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