How to format your references using the Clinical Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Glotzer M. The molecular requirements for cytokinesis. Science 2005; 307: 1735–1739.
A journal article with 2 authors
Soles CL, Ding Y. Materials science. Nanoscale polymer processing. Science 2008; 322: 689–690.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao B, Moore JS, Beebe DJ. Surface-directed liquid flow inside microchannels. Science 2001; 291: 1023–1026.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Villeda SA, Luo J, Mosher KI, et al. The ageing systemic milieu negatively regulates neurogenesis and cognitive function. Nature 2011; 477: 90–94.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff NP. Industrial Gas Flaring Practices. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013.
An edited book
Gilmer PJ, Tansel B, Miller MH (eds). Alliances for Advancing Academic Women: Guidelines for Collaborating in STEM Fields. Rotterdam: SensePublishers, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Gigengack F, Jiang X, Dawood M, et al. Further Developments in PET Motion Correction. In: Jiang X, Dawood M, Schäfers KP (eds) Motion Correction in Thoracic Positron Emission Tomography. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 75–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Pediatrics.

Blog post
Davis J. Spider Mites Will Choose A Dead Mate Over A Live One. IFLScience, (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. GAO Rolodex Cards. 148869, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1 April 1993.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson CL. Hispanic female undergraduates perception of nursing as a career choice: A phenomenological study. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Phoenix, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dorman JL. Hot Steaks With a Cool Vibe. New York Times, 11 November 2016, p. TR11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Pediatrics
AbbreviationClin. Pediatr. (Phila.)
ISSN (print)0009-9228
ISSN (online)1938-2707
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles