How to format your references using the Clinical Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Dutton PL. Retrospective. Britton Chance (1913-2010). Science 2010; 330: 1641.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johansson LC, Norberg RA. Delta-wing function of webbed feet gives hydrodynamic lift for swimming propulsion in birds. Nature 2003; 424: 65–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dixon E, Shapiro A, Lu Z-L. Scale-invariance in brightness illusions implicates object-level visual processing. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3900.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Grimm V, Revilla E, Berger U, et al. Pattern-oriented modeling of agent-based complex systems: lessons from ecology. Science 2005; 310: 987–991.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Mauthe A, Thomas P. Professional Content Management Systems. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Majoral J-P (ed). New Aspects in Phosphorus Chemistry V: -/-. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Corney D, Byrne E, Buxton B, et al. A Logical Framework for Template Creation and Information Extraction. In: Lin TY, Xie Y, Wasilewska A, et al. (eds) Data Mining: Foundations and Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2008, pp. 79–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Pediatrics.

Blog post
Andrews R. Scientists Turn Harmful Algal Blooms Into High-Capacity Battery Components. IFLScience, (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Enhancements Needed in Computing and Reporting Patent Examination Statistics. RCED-96-190, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 15 July 1996.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Robinson EA. Exploring the Barriers to Online-Business Profitability for Small Business. Doctoral Dissertation, Northcentral University, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Choi MHK. LaCroix Sparkling Water. New York Times, 3 March 2015, p. MM28.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Pediatrics
AbbreviationClin. Pediatr. (Phila.)
ISSN (print)0009-9228
ISSN (online)1938-2707
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles