How to format your references using the Clinical Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Reenan RA. Molecular determinants and guided evolution of species-specific RNA editing. Nature 2005; 434: 409–413.
A journal article with 2 authors
Matear RJ, McNeil BI. Comment on ‘Preindustrial to modern interdecadal variability in coral reef pH’. Science 2006; 314: 595.
A journal article with 3 authors
Su Q-P, Yang C-P, Zheng S-B. Fast and simple scheme for generating NOON states of photons in circuit QED. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 3898.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chandramohanadas R, Davis PH, Beiting DP, et al. Apicomplexan parasites co-opt host calpains to facilitate their escape from infected cells. Science 2009; 324: 794–797.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meinert CL. Clinical Trials Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2012.
An edited book
Brézin E. Random Matrix Theory with an External Source. Singapore: Springer, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Hitchmough RA, Patterson GB, Chapple DG. Putting a Name to Diversity: Taxonomy of the New Zealand Lizard Fauna. In: Chapple DG (ed) New Zealand Lizards. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pp. 87–108.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Pediatrics.

Blog post
Andrew E. What Causes Brazil’s Bizarre ‘Meeting of the Waters’? IFLScience,’s-bizarre-meeting-waters/ (2014, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Current Funding Status of the Energy Research and Development Administration. B-178726, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 15 December 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rahmani M. On the calculation of time-domain impulse-response of systems from band-limited scattering-parameters using wavelet transform. Doctoral Dissertation, Mississippi State University, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L. 14,000 Sq. Ft., Shady Past, All for Just $8.3 Million. New York Times, 1 April 2007, p. 14LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Pediatrics
AbbreviationClin. Pediatr. (Phila.)
ISSN (print)0009-9228
ISSN (online)1938-2707
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles