How to format your references using the Clinical Pediatrics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Pediatrics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bourzac K. Electronics: Back to analogue. Nature 2012; 483: S34-6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Silk J, Chluba J. Astronomy. Next steps for cosmology. Science 2014; 344: 586–588.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakamura K, Takahashi Y, Fujiwara T. Low-temperature excess heat capacity in fresnoite glass and crystal. Sci Rep 2014; 4: 6523.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tajkhorshid E, Nollert P, Jensen MØ, et al. Control of the selectivity of the aquaporin water channel family by global orientational tuning. Science 2002; 296: 525–530.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tsai CS. Biomacromolecules. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2006.
An edited book
Lau K-K, Lamersdorf W, Pimentel E (eds). Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: Second European Conference, ESOCC 2013, Málaga, Spain, September 11-13, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Imono M, Yoshimura E, Tsuchiya S, et al. Method of Embodying the Newspaper Headlines by Using Words and Phrases in the Article. In: Tweedale JW, Jain LC, Watada J, et al. (eds) Knowledge-Based Information Systems in Practice. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2015, pp. 51–63.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Pediatrics.

Blog post
Fang J. Bats Have Touch Sensors in their Wings. IFLScience, (2015, accessed 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intellectual Property: Agencies Progress in Implementing Recent Legislation, but Enhancements Could Improve Future Plans. GAO-11-39, Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, 13 October 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson MM. Challenging the South’s black-white binary: Haliwa-Saponi Indians and political autonomy. Doctoral Dissertation, University of North Carolina, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Living With the Sweet Smell of Sap. New York Times, 18 March 2011, p. C25.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Pediatrics
AbbreviationClin. Pediatr. (Phila.)
ISSN (print)0009-9228
ISSN (online)1938-2707
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles