How to format your references using the Journal of Ornithology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ornithology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Barton RA (2002) How did brains evolve? Nature 415:134–135
A journal article with 2 authors
Cress CD, Datta S (2013) Engineering. Nanoscale transistors--just around the gate? Science 341:140–141
A journal article with 3 authors
Heuer AH, Jia CL, Lagerlöf KPD (2010) The core structure of basal dislocations in deformed sapphire (alpha-Al₂O₃). Science 330:1227–1231
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Bailes E, Gao F, Bibollet-Ruche F, et al (2003) Hybrid origin of SIV in chimpanzees. Science 300:1713

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Misra DK (2006) Practical Electromagnetics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Omodeo EG, Policriti A (eds) (2016) Martin Davis on Computability, Computational Logic, and Mathematical Foundations. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Rohde M, Wulf V (2013) CSCL@Networking: Regional Learning in Software Industries. In: Goggins SP, Jahnke I, Wulf V (eds) Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning at the Workplace: CSCL@Work. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 65–87

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ornithology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Icy Plains And Hydrocarbon Haze Spotted On Pluto. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2002) Human Capital Legislative Proposals to NASA’s Fiscal Year 2003 Authorization Bill. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Khatib E (2010) A phenomenological study on the potential impact of implementing information systems in midsize corporations. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) Dodgers’ Turner Delivers Decisive Final Blow in a Battle of Bullpens. New York Times D4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Barton 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Barton 2002; Cress and Datta 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cress and Datta 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Bailes et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ornithology
AbbreviationJ. Ornithol.
ISSN (print)2193-7192
ISSN (online)2193-7206

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