How to format your references using the Journal of Ornithology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ornithology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Orr FM Jr (2009) Onshore geologic storage of CO2. Science 325:1656–1658
A journal article with 2 authors
Meyer E, Glatzel T (2009) Applied physics. Novel probes for molecular electronics. Science 324:1397–1398
A journal article with 3 authors
Spiegelhalter D, Pearson M, Short I (2011) Visualizing uncertainty about the future. Science 333:1393–1400
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Avila J, Razado I, Lorcy S, et al (2013) Exploring electronic structure of one-atom thick polycrystalline graphene films: a nano angle resolved photoemission study. Sci Rep 3:2439

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrasco RA, Johnston M (2008) Non-Binary Error Control Coding for Wireless Communication and Data Storage. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Cervesato I, Veith H, Voronkov A (eds) (2008) Logic for Programming, Artificial Intelligence, and Reasoning: 15th International Conference, LPAR 2008, Doha, Qatar, November 22-27, 2008. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Krummenacher H (2006) Computer Assisted Early Warning – the FAST Example. In: Trappl R (ed) Programming for Peace: Computer-Aided Methods for International Conflict Resolution and Prevention. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 71–80

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ornithology.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2017) “Seeing’’ Music Or ‘Tasting’’ Numbers? Here’s What We Can Learn From People With Synaesthesia.’” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990) Guaranteed Student Loans: Credit Bureau Reporting Practices by Guaranty Agencies and Lenders. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Accortt EE (2009) Frontal alpha electroencephalography (EEG) asymmetry as a risk factor for pre-menstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD); a psychophysiological and family history approach. Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Belson K (2017) N.F.L. Looks For Daylight Through Anthem Flap. New York Times B8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Orr 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Meyer and Glatzel 2009; Orr 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Meyer and Glatzel 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Avila et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ornithology
AbbreviationJ. Ornithol.
ISSN (print)2193-7192
ISSN (online)2193-7206

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