How to format your references using the Journal of Ornithology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Ornithology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Liu MC (2004) Substructure in the circumstellar disk around the young star AU Microscopii. Science 305:1442–1444
A journal article with 2 authors
Aqvist J, Luzhkov V (2000) Ion permeation mechanism of the potassium channel. Nature 404:881–884
A journal article with 3 authors
Parkinson GN, Lee MPH, Neidle S (2002) Crystal structure of parallel quadruplexes from human telomeric DNA. Nature 417:876–880
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Thompson RB, Ginzburg VV, Matsen MW, Balazs AC (2001) Predicting the mesophases of copolymer-nanoparticle composites. Science 292:2469–2472

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bachmutsky A (2010) System Design for Telecommunication Gateways. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
León R, Muñoz-Torres MJ, Moneva JM (eds) (2016) Modeling and Simulation in Engineering, Economics and Management: International Conference, MS 2016, Teruel, Spain, July 4-5, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Quinton SR (2012) Rethinking Learning in the 21st Century. In: Bell G, Warwick J, Galbraith P (eds) Higher Education Management and Operational Research: Demonstrating New Practices and Metaphors. SensePublishers, Rotterdam, pp 65–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Ornithology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Is the Universe Ringing Like a Bell? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) School-Meals Programs: Additional Verification Could Help USDA Ensure Legitimate Access. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lewis DS (2010) Global Educational Ecosystem: Case study of a partnership with K–12 schools, community organizations, and business. Doctoral dissertation, Pepperdine University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Miller J (2016) The Modern’s Progress. New York Times BR15

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Liu 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Aqvist and Luzhkov 2000; Liu 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aqvist and Luzhkov 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Thompson et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Ornithology
AbbreviationJ. Ornithol.
ISSN (print)2193-7192
ISSN (online)2193-7206

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