How to format your references using the Water History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sultan F (2002) Analysis of mammalian brain architecture. Nature 415:133–134
A journal article with 2 authors
Sander PM, Clauss M (2008) Paleontology. Sauropod gigantism. Science 322:200–201
A journal article with 3 authors
Girvetz EH, Jaeger JAG, Thorne JH (2007) Comment on “Roadless space of the conterminous United States.” Science 318:1240; author reply 1240
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Macintosh AJJ, Pelletier L, Chiaradia A, et al (2013) Temporal fractals in seabird foraging behaviour: diving through the scales of time. Sci Rep 3:1884

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheremisinoff NP, Davletshin A (2010) A Guide to Safe Material and Chemical Handling. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Geroimenko V, Chen C (eds) (2006) Visualizing the Semantic Web: XML-Based Internet and Information Visualization, Second Edition. Springer, London
A chapter in an edited book
Küpper H, Küpper FC, Spiller M (2006) [Heavy metal]-Chlorophylls Formed in Vivo During Heavy Metal Stress and Degradation Products Formed During Digestion, Extraction and Storage of Plant Material. In: Grimm B, Porra RJ, Rüdiger W, Scheer H (eds) Chlorophylls and Bacteriochlorophylls: Biochemistry, Biophysics, Functions and Applications. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 67–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water History.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2017) Octopuses Are Even More Amazing Than We Thought. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Operation of the Copyright Royalty Tribunal. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walsh CT (2005) Molecular Pharmacodynamics of Chemotherapy: Fibroblast Growth Factor (FGF) Inhibitors as Chemosensitizers. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sophia Kishkovsky; Compiled by (2005) Arts, Briefly; Chekhov in Bloom. New York Times E2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sultan 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sultan 2002; Sander and Clauss 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sander and Clauss 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Macintosh et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater History
AbbreviationWater Hist.
ISSN (print)1877-7236
ISSN (online)1877-7244
ScopeHistory
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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