How to format your references using the Water History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Capel B (2014) Development. The minimalist Y. Science 343:32–33
A journal article with 2 authors
Neale MJ, Keeney S (2006) Clarifying the mechanics of DNA strand exchange in meiotic recombination. Nature 442:153–158
A journal article with 3 authors
Goes S, Capitanio FA, Morra G (2008) Evidence of lower-mantle slab penetration phases in plate motions. Nature 451:981–984
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Reddy BU, Mullick R, Kumar A, et al (2014) Small molecule inhibitors of HCV replication from pomegranate. Sci Rep 4:5411

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parashar RK (2008) Reaction Mechanisms in Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, United Kingdom
An edited book
Katarzyniak R, Chiu T-F, Hong C-F, Nguyen NT (eds) (2011) Semantic Methods for Knowledge Management and Communication. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Pardo A (2005) Combining Datatypes and Effects. In: Vene V, Uustalu T (eds) Advanced Functional Programming: 5th International School, AFP 2004, Tartu, Estonia, August 14 – 21, 2004, Revised Lectures. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 171–209

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water History.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Marijuana Contains “Alien DNA” From Outside Of Our Solar System, NASA Confirms. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Aviation Safety: Certification and Approval Processes Are Generally Viewed as Working Well, but Better Evaluative Information Needed to Improve Efficiency. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Swartz H (2017) The Multitude Speaks in Style: An Analysis of Vernacular Agency through Images of Ruth Bader Ginsburg. Doctoral dissertation, Florida Atlantic University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rao T (2016) Cool Ranch. New York Times MM30

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Capel 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Neale and Keeney 2006; Capel 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Neale and Keeney 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Reddy et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater History
AbbreviationWater Hist.
ISSN (print)1877-7236
ISSN (online)1877-7244
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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