How to format your references using the Water History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lazar MA (2008) Developmental biology. How now, brown fat? Science 321:1048–1049
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell AC, Felsenfeld G (2000) Methylation of a CTCF-dependent boundary controls imprinted expression of the Igf2 gene. Nature 405:482–485
A journal article with 3 authors
Chen W, Shimada S, Tanaka M (2002) Synthesis and structure of formally hexavalent palladium complexes. Science 295:308–310
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Shibata N, Pennycook SJ, Gosnell TR, et al (2004) Observation of rare-earth segregation in silicon nitride ceramics at subnanometre dimensions. Nature 428:730–733

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chandler C (2010) The Science of ADHD. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Teschendorff AE (ed) (2015) Computational and Statistical Epigenomics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Rubin A, Riznichenko G (2014) Oscillations and Periodic Space Structures oscillations and periodic space structures of pH and Electric Potential Along the Cell Membrane of Algae Chara corallina. In: Riznichenko G (ed) Mathematical Biophysics. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 69–81

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water History.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) What Is The Biggest Star In The Universe? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1973) Corrections and Pretrial Diversion Projects Funded by Grants From LEAA. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butts P (2017) Green Roof Vegetable Production in Three Different Growth Media. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Davey M, Yaccino S (2014) Milwaukee Suburb Tries to Cope With Girl’s Stabbing. New York Times A16

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lazar 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Bell and Felsenfeld 2000; Lazar 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bell and Felsenfeld 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Shibata et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater History
AbbreviationWater Hist.
ISSN (print)1877-7236
ISSN (online)1877-7244
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

Other styles