How to format your references using the Water History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyman SE (2008) A glimmer of light for neuropsychiatric disorders. Nature 455:890–893
A journal article with 2 authors
Kress TL, Guthrie C (2006) Molecular biology. Accurate RNA siting and splicing gets help from a DEK-hand. Science 312:1886–1887
A journal article with 3 authors
Thibodeaux CJ, Melançon CE, Liu H-W (2007) Unusual sugar biosynthesis and natural product glycodiversification. Nature 446:1008–1016
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Baldwin MP, Stephenson DB, Thompson DWJ, et al (2003) Stratospheric memory and skill of extended-range weather forecasts. Science 301:636–640

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Derbyshire E (2011) Nutrition in the Childbearing Years. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., Chichester, West Sussex, UK
An edited book
Crowston K, Hammouda I, Lundell B, et al (eds) (2016) Open Source Systems: Integrating Communities: 12th IFIP WG 2.13 International Conference, OSS 2016, Gothenburg, Sweden, May 30 - June 2, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Lazarowski A, Czornyj L (2013) Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacoresistant Epilepsy. In: Rocha L, Cavalheiro EA (eds) Pharmacoresistance in Epilepsy: From Genes and Molecules to Promising Therapies. Springer, New York, NY, pp 47–57

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water History.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Researchers Monitor Worm Nervous System Live In 3D. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of the Transition to the Future Air Traffic Control System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Luo SX (2009) Theoretical models of olfactory discrimination in Drosophila. Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter J, Eddy M (2016) E.U. Official Apologizes For Comments On Chinese. New York Times A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyman 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Kress and Guthrie 2006; Hyman 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Kress and Guthrie 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Baldwin et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater History
AbbreviationWater Hist.
ISSN (print)1877-7236
ISSN (online)1877-7244
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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