How to format your references using the Water History citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water History. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kaiser D (2011) The search for clean cash. Nature 472:30–31
A journal article with 2 authors
Knapp AK, Smith MD (2001) Variation among biomes in temporal dynamics of aboveground primary production. Science 291:481–484
A journal article with 3 authors
Lieberman D, Tooby J, Cosmides L (2007) The architecture of human kin detection. Nature 445:727–731
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wilson CW, Nguyen CT, Chen M-H, et al (2009) Fused has evolved divergent roles in vertebrate Hedgehog signalling and motile ciliogenesis. Nature 459:98–102

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moskowitz HR, Muñoz AM, Gacula MC Jr (2008) Viewpoints and Controversies in Sensory Science and Consumer Product Testing. Food & Nutrition Press, Inc., Trumbull, Connecticut, USA
An edited book
Biscari P (2013) Meccanica Razionale. Springer, Milano
A chapter in an edited book
Newhouse SE (2011) Lectures on Dynamical Systems. In: Marchioro C (ed) Dynamical Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 209–312

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water History.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) From ‘Right To Die’ To ‘Right To Choose The Way You Die’ – The Shifting Euthanasia Debate. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) ADP: USDA Farm Service Agencies. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Salazar A (2012) Small school, big gains: A case study of urban high school reform. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly L (1977) This great man George Sand; Infamous Woman. New York Times International Economic Survey272

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kaiser 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Knapp and Smith 2001; Kaiser 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Knapp and Smith 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Wilson et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleWater History
AbbreviationWater Hist.
ISSN (print)1877-7236
ISSN (online)1877-7244
ScopeHistory
Water Science and Technology
Geography, Planning and Development

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