How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bulinski, J.C., 2006. Cell biology. Actin discrimination. Science 313, 180–181.
A journal article with 2 authors
Flames, N., Hobert, O., 2009. Gene regulatory logic of dopamine neuron differentiation. Nature 458, 885–889.
A journal article with 3 authors
Archibald, J.D., Averianov, A.O., Ekdale, E.G., 2001. Late Cretaceous relatives of rabbits, rodents, and other extant eutherian mammals. Nature 414, 62–65.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fridman, E., Carrari, F., Liu, Y.-S., Fernie, A.R., Zamir, D., 2004. Zooming in on a quantitative trait for tomato yield using interspecific introgressions. Science 305, 1786–1789.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, J.D.H., Romanowska, A.B., 1999. Post-Modern Algebra. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Roberts, G.C.K. (Ed.), 2013. Encyclopedia of Biophysics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Zelarayán, L.C., Zafiriou, M.P., Zimmermann, W.-H., 2016. Myocardial Pharmacoregeneration, in: Steinhoff, G. (Ed.), Regenerative Medicine - from Protocol to Patient: 5. Regenerative Therapies II. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 111–143.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Trials A Step Forward For Medicinal Cannabis But What Comes Next? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1988. Wallop-Breaux Trust Fund (No. T-RCED-88-38). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor, M.S., 2015. Too Close to the Knives: Children’s Rights, Parental Authority, and Best Interests in the Context of Elective Pediatric Surgeries (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J., 2017. Mets Win as Bruce Drives in Five Runs With Two Homers. New York Times B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bulinski, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Bulinski, 2006; Flames and Hobert, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Flames and Hobert, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Fridman et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Finance
ISSN (print)2214-6350

Other styles