How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Manchester, R.N., 2004. Observational properties of pulsars. Science 304, 542–546.
A journal article with 2 authors
Golz, J., MacLeod, D.I.A., 2002. Influence of scene statistics on colour constancy. Nature 415, 637–640.
A journal article with 3 authors
Mora, C., Danovaro, R., Loreau, M., 2014. Alternative hypotheses to explain why biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationships are concave-up in some natural ecosystems but concave-down in manipulative experiments. Sci. Rep. 4, 5427.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cohen, I., Li, H., Hougland, J.L., Mrksich, M., Nagel, S.R., 2001. Using selective withdrawal to coat microparticles. Science 292, 265–267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rooney, T., 2010. IP Address Management. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Bertram, R., 2015. Mathematical Analysis of Complex Cellular Activity, 1st ed. 2015. ed, Frontiers in Applied Dynamical Systems: Reviews and Tutorials. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Mills, P.K., Snyder, K.M., 2009. Building Knowledge Advantage: Internal Market Imperatives, in: Snyder, K.M. (Ed.), Knowledge Services Management: Organizing Around Internal Markets, Service Science: Research and Innovations in the Service Economy. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 70–93.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. What Does 170-Year-Old Champagne Taste Like? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2012. The Department of Energy’s Office of Science Uses a Multilayered Process for Prioritizing Research (No. GAO-12-410R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Zhong, A., 2017. Product Development Considerations for a Nutrient Rich Bar Using Cricket (Acheta domesticus) Protein (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kanter, J., Wolgelenter, M., 2017. E.U. Leader Jokes About English’s Decline. New York Times A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Manchester, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Golz and MacLeod, 2002; Manchester, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Golz and MacLeod, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Cohen et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Finance
ISSN (print)2214-6350

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