How to format your references using the Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Leggett, A.J., 2008. Quantum liquids. Science 319, 1203–1205.
A journal article with 2 authors
Keinan, A., Clark, A.G., 2012. Recent explosive human population growth has resulted in an excess of rare genetic variants. Science 336, 740–743.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stratton, M.R., Campbell, P.J., Futreal, P.A., 2009. The cancer genome. Nature 458, 719–724.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Herrero, M., Thornton, P.K., Notenbaert, A.M., Wood, S., Msangi, S., Freeman, H.A., Bossio, D., Dixon, J., Peters, M., van de Steeg, J., Lynam, J., Parthasarathy Rao, P., Macmillan, S., Gerard, B., McDermott, J., Seré, C., Rosegrant, M., 2010. Smart investments in sustainable food production: revisiting mixed crop-livestock systems. Science 327, 822–825.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Moeller, R.R., 2013. Executive’s Guide to IT Governance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Vrbová, G., 2008. Application of Muscle/Nerve Stimulation in Health and Disease, Advances in Muscle Research. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Hodgson, T.K., Braunstein, G.D., 2007. Physiological Effects of Androgens in Women, in: Azziz, R., Nestler, J.E., Dewailly, D. (Eds.), Androgen Excess Disorders in Women: Polycystic Ovary Syndrome and Other Disorders, Contemporary Endocrinology. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, pp. 49–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Higher Pay May Help Smokers Quit [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1982. Trends in Evaluation (No. 118591). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baker, N.S., 2012. Bridging the Gap: Finding the Language of Soul (Doctoral dissertation). Pacifica Graduate Institute, Carpinteria, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2011. Success and Scandal Can Leave Everyone Weary. New York Times SP7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Leggett, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Keinan and Clark, 2012; Leggett, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Keinan and Clark, 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Herrero et al., 2010)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Behavioral and Experimental Finance
AbbreviationJ. Behav. Exp. Finance
ISSN (print)2214-6350

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