How to format your references using the International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Psaltis, D. (2002). Coherent optical information systems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5597), 1359–1363.
A journal article with 2 authors
Merad, M., & Salmon, H. (2015). Cancer: A dendritic-cell brake on antitumour immunity. Nature, 523(7560), 294–295.
A journal article with 3 authors
Külheim, C., Agren, J., & Jansson, S. (2002). Rapid regulation of light harvesting and plant fitness in the field. Science (New York, N.Y.), 297(5578), 91–93.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Zhang, X., Fu, W., Palivan, C. G., & Meier, W. (2013). Natural channel protein inserts and functions in a completely artificial, solid-supported bilayer membrane. Scientific reports, 3, 2196.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Birke, D. (2013). Social Networks and their Economics. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Poirier, D. R. (2016). Transport Phenomena in Materials Processing. (G. H. Geiger, Ed.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Farley, R., & Wang, X. (2009). Roving Bugnet: Distributed Surveillance Threat and Mitigation. In D. Gritzalis & J. Lopez (Eds.), Emerging Challenges for Security, Privacy and Trust: 24th IFIP TC 11 International Information Security Conference, SEC 2009, Pafos, Cyprus, May 18–20, 2009. Proceedings (pp. 39–50). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016, July 29). Italy Calls In Its Army To Help Grow Medical Marijuana. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Access to Space: Issues Associated With DOD’s Evolved Expendable Launch Vehicle Program (No. NSIAD-97-130). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jo, S. M. (2009). A study of Korean students’ creativity in science using structural equation modeling (Doctoral dissertation). University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017, January 15). The Paintings of an ‘Outsider’ Are (Finally) Revealed. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Psaltis 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Merad and Salmon 2015; Psaltis 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Merad and Salmon 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
AbbreviationInt. Environ. Agreements
ISSN (print)1567-9764
ISSN (online)1573-1553
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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