How to format your references using the International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Morell, V. (2014). When the bat sings. Science (New York, N.Y.), 344(6190), 1334–1337.
A journal article with 2 authors
Simon, J., & Greiner, M. (2012). Condensed-matter physics: a duo of graphene mimics. Nature, 483(7389), 282–284.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lopinski, G. P., Wayner, D. D., & Wolkow, R. A. (2000). Self-directed growth of molecular nanostructures on silicon. Nature, 406(6791), 48–51.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Melhuish, E. C., Sylva, K., Sammons, P., Siraj-Blatchford, I., Taggart, B., Phan, M. B., & Malin, A. (2008). The early years. Preschool influences on mathematics achievement. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5893), 1161–1162.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Altman, M. C. (2011). Kant and Applied Ethics. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Aguiar-Moya, J. P., Vargas-Nordcbeck, A., Leiva-Villacorta, F., & Loría-Salazar, L. G. (Eds.). (2016). The Roles of Accelerated Pavement Testing in Pavement Sustainability: Engineering, Environment, and Economics. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Alhazov, A., Freund, R., & Verlan, S. (2015). Bridging Deterministic P Systems and Conditional Grammars. In G. Rozenberg, A. Salomaa, J. M. Sempere, & C. Zandron (Eds.), Membrane Computing: 16th International Conference, CMC 2015, Valencia, Spain, August 17-21, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 63–76). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2017, March 2). Climate Change Might Cost European Cities $40bn A Year By 2100. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Space Shuttle Facility Program: More Definitive Cost Information Needed (No. PSAD-77-17). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Odom, S. A. (2017). Electronic health records: Overcoming obstacles to improve acceptance and utilization for mental health clinicians (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bray, C. (2016, September 28). London Bank’s U.S. Bargain Is Imperiled by New Claims. New York Times, p. B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Morell 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Morell 2014; Simon and Greiner 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Simon and Greiner 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Melhuish et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
AbbreviationInt. Environ. Agreements
ISSN (print)1567-9764
ISSN (online)1573-1553
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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