How to format your references using the International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yewdell, J. W. (2003). Immunology. Hide and seek in the peptidome. Science (New York, N.Y.), 301(5638), 1334–1335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Synolakis, C., & Foteinis, S. (2009). Choking on carbon emissions from Greek academic paperwork. Nature, 461(7261), 167.
A journal article with 3 authors
Houstis, N., Rosen, E. D., & Lander, E. S. (2006). Reactive oxygen species have a causal role in multiple forms of insulin resistance. Nature, 440(7086), 944–948.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Yamashiro, C., Sasaki, K., Yabuta, Y., Kojima, Y., Nakamura, T., Okamoto, I., et al. (2018). Generation of human oogonia from induced pluripotent stem cells in vitro. Science (New York, N.Y.), 362(6412), 356–360.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rasch, D., & Schott, D. (2015). Mathematische Statistik. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Bennetzen, J. L., & Hake, S. C. (Eds.). (2009). Handbook of Maize: Its Biology. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, K., & Xiong, L. (2016). Community Detection Based on an Improved Genetic Algorithm. In K. Li, J. Li, Y. Liu, & A. Castiglione (Eds.), Computational Intelligence and Intelligent Systems: 7th International Symposium, ISICA 2015, Guangzhou, China, November 21-22, 2015, Revised Selected Papers (pp. 32–39). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2016, November 26). How Smartphone Light Affects Your Brain And Body. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Railroad Safety: Human Factor Accidents and Issues Affecting Engineer Work Schedules (No. RCED-93-160BR). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lancaster, G. (2014). Understanding interdisciplinary communication and collaboration among physicians, nurses, and unlicensed assistive personnel (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2009, May 3). Justice Unbound. New York Times, p. WK1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Yewdell 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Synolakis and Foteinis 2009; Yewdell 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Synolakis and Foteinis 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Yamashiro et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics
AbbreviationInt. Environ. Agreements
ISSN (print)1567-9764
ISSN (online)1573-1553
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics
Political Science and International Relations

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