How to format your references using the Water Conservation Science and Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Water Conservation Science and Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Clary DC (2008) Quantum dynamics of chemical reactions. Science 321:789–791
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tomita M, Murakami M (2003) High-temperature superconductor bulk magnets that can trap magnetic fields of over 17 tesla at 29 K. Nature 421:517–520
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Faehnle CR, Walleshauser J, Joshua-Tor L (2014) Mechanism of Dis3l2 substrate recognition in the Lin28-let-7 pathway. Nature 514:252–256
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Vavvas DG, Dryja TP, Wilson ME, et al (2018) Lens regeneration in children. Nature 556:E2–E3

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2008) Inherently Safer Chemical Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Lippens P-E, Jumas J-C, Génin J-MR (2007) ICAME 2005: Proceedings of the 28th International Conference on the Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ICAME 2005) held in Montpellier, France, 4–9 September 2005, Volume I (Part I–II/V). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lobnik A (2006) ABSORPTION-BASED SENSORS. In: Baldini F, Chester AN, Homola J, Martellucci S (eds) Optical Chemical Sensors. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 77–98

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Water Conservation Science and Engineering.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2015) Produce from the World’s First Underground Urban Farm is About to Hit Shelves. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/produce-worlds-first-underground-urban-farm-about-hit-shelves/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1991) Armored Systems Modernization: Program Inconsistent With Current Threat and Budgetary Constraints. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Mc Adams AN (2012) School psychologists’ perceptions of procedural fidelity in special education. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow L (2007) Accreditation Restored At Nassau Medical Center. New York Times 14LI2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWater Conservation Science and Engineering
AbbreviationWater Conserv. Sci. Eng.
ISSN (print)2366-3340
ISSN (online)2364-5687
Scope

Other styles