How to format your references using the Waste and Biomass Valorization citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Waste and Biomass Valorization. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rylance, R.: Grant giving: Global funders to focus on interdisciplinarity. Nature. 525, 313–315 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Tian, C., Zheng, J.C.: Reprogrammed Astrocytes as a Potential Therapy for Neurodegenerative Disorders. Science. 334, 53–54 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Su, W., Bagshaw, C.R., Burley, G.A.: Addressable and unidirectional energy transfer along a DNA three-way junction programmed by pyrrole-imidazole polyamides. Sci. Rep. 3, 1883 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Bousso, P., Bhakta, N.R., Lewis, R.S., Robey, E.: Dynamics of thymocyte-stromal cell interactions visualized by two-photon microscopy. Science. 296, 1876–1880 (2002)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Blair, T.H.: Energy Production Systems Engineering. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2016)
An edited book
1.
Xu, Y., Xu, D., Liang, J. eds: Computational Methods for Protein Structure Prediction and Modeling: Volume 2: Structure Prediction. Springer, New York, NY (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bondyra, A., Nowicki, M., Wietrzykowski, J.: TAPAS: A Robotic Platform for Autonomous Navigation in Outdoor Environments. In: Szewczyk, R., Zieliński, C., and Kaliczyńska, M. (eds.) Progress in Automation, Robotics and Measuring Techniques: Volume 2 Robotics. pp. 45–54. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Waste and Biomass Valorization.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E.: The Long Reach Of The Past: Did Prehistoric Humans Shape Today’s Ecosystems?, https://www.iflscience.com/environment/long-reach-past-did-prehistoric-humans-shape-today-s-ecosystems/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office: Aviation and the Environment: FAA’s and NASA’s Research and Development Plans for Noise Reduction Are Aligned but the Prospects of Achieving Noise Reduction Goals Are Uncertain. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gaudet, C.J.: A General Approach to the Direct Detection of Dark Matter, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Crow, K.: An Enigmatic Golden Trophy Evokes a Saloon’s Good Times, (2001)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleWaste and Biomass Valorization
AbbreviationWaste Biomass Valorization
ISSN (print)1877-2641
ISSN (online)1877-265X
ScopeRenewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
Environmental Engineering
Waste Management and Disposal

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