How to format your references using the Burnout Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Burnout Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, R. (2006). Evolution. The puzzle of human sociality. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5805), 1555–1556.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee, S. C., & Lee, S. J. (2014). Uptake of liquid from wet surfaces by the brush-tipped proboscis of a butterfly. Scientific Reports, 4, 6934.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gupta, G., Jalil, M. B. A., & Liang, G. (2014). Evaluation of mobility in thin Bi2Se3 topological insulator for prospects of local electrical interconnects. Scientific Reports, 4, 6838.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Genty, D., Blamart, D., Ouahdi, R., Gilmour, M., Baker, A., Jouzel, J., & Van-Exter, S. (2003). Precise dating of Dansgaard-Oeschger climate oscillations in western Europe from stalagmite data. Nature, 421(6925), 833–837.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saghyan, A. S., & Langer, P. (2016). Asymmetric Synthesis of Non&;#x02010;Proteinogenic Amino Acids. Wiley&;#x02010;VCH Verlag GmbH &;#38; Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Kluve, J. (2007). Active Labor Market Policies in Europe: Performance and Perspectives (D. Card, M. Fertig, M. Góra, L. Jacobi, P. Jensen, R. Leetmaa, L. Nima, E. Patacchini, S. Schaffner, C. M. Schmidt, B. van der Klaauw, & A. Weber, Eds.). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Toh, S., Itano, T., & Satoh, K. (2005). Co-Supporting Cycle: Sustaining Mechanism of Large-Scale Structures and Near-Wall Structures in Channel Flow Turbulence. In T. Mullin & R. Kerswell (Eds.), IUTAM Symposium on Laminar-Turbulent Transition and Finite Amplitude Solutions (pp. 71–83). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Burnout Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, August 18). Watch This Hydrogel Strut Across A Table. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1968). Opportunity For Savings In Space Programs By Reevaluating Needs Before Buying Facilities (B-164027). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, N. (2017). High Performance Cryptography for Electronic Product Code for Internet of Things Applications [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. (2016, November 29). Cespedes Said to Accept Highest Salary in Mets History. New York Times, B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Boyd, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Boyd, 2006; Lee & Lee, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee & Lee, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Gupta et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Genty et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleBurnout Research
AbbreviationBurn. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-0586

Other styles