How to format your references using the Burnout Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Burnout Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carbone, A. (2013). Information measure for long-range correlated sequences: the case of the 24 human chromosomes. Scientific Reports, 3, 2721.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Connell, P. A., & McKenna, G. B. (2005). Rheological measurements of the thermoviscoelastic response of ultrathin polymer films. Science (New York, N.Y.), 307(5716), 1760–1763.
A journal article with 3 authors
Szlufarska, I., Nakano, A., & Vashishta, P. (2005). A crossover in the mechanical response of nanocrystalline ceramics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736), 911–914.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Barnes, T. D., Kubota, Y., Hu, D., Jin, D. Z., & Graybiel, A. M. (2005). Activity of striatal neurons reflects dynamic encoding and recoding of procedural memories. Nature, 437(7062), 1158–1161.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Janovy, J., & Esch, G. W. (2016). A Century of Parasitology. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Ribeiro, P., & Raposo, M. (Eds.). (2016). Photoptics 2015: Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 181). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Kerekes, R., & Walgenbach, P. (2016). Don’t Be Unhappy, You Can Be Perfect! The Institutionalization of Aesthetic Surgery. In E. Weik & P. Walgenbach (Eds.), Institutions Inc (pp. 63–93). London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Burnout Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, September 15). Just 6% Of Americans Got All Of These Basic Science Questions Right. How Well Will You Do? Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (No. T-HEHS-98-46). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slotterback, D. (2010). Parent Partner Program and Organization (3P-O) parents mentoring parents in child welfare: A grant-writing project (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gorman, J. (2016, December 5). Size Matters: Secrets of the Orchid Mantis. New York Times, p. D2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Carbone, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Carbone, 2013; O’Connell & McKenna, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (O’Connell & McKenna, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Szlufarska, Nakano, & Vashishta, 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Barnes, Kubota, Hu, Jin, & Graybiel, 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleBurnout Research
AbbreviationBurn. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-0586

Other styles