How to format your references using the Burnout Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Burnout Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Poulin, P. (2005). Chemistry. New gels for mixing immiscible liquids. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5744), 2174–2175.
A journal article with 2 authors
Johnson, E. J., & Goldstein, D. (2003). Medicine. Do defaults save lives? Science (New York, N.Y.), 302(5649), 1338–1339.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neumann, G., Noda, T., & Kawaoka, Y. (2009). Emergence and pandemic potential of swine-origin H1N1 influenza virus. Nature, 459(7249), 931–939.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Calderaro, A., Arcangeletti, M.-C., Rodighiero, I., Buttrini, M., Gorrini, C., Motta, F., Germini, D., Medici, M.-C., Chezzi, C., & De Conto, F. (2014). Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry applied to virus identification. Scientific Reports, 4, 6803.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Smith, M. B. (2014). Compendium of Organic Synthetic Methods: Smith/Compendium. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Zlotnik Shaul, R. (Ed.). (2014). Paediatric Patient and Family-Centred Care: Ethical and Legal Issues (Vol. 57). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Babad, E. (2007). Teachers’ Nonverbal Behavior and its Effects on Students. In J. C. Smart (Ed.), Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research (pp. 219–279). Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Burnout Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, April 6). The Pale Blue Dot And Other ‘Selfies’ Of Earth. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2009). Teacher Quality: Survey Results of State Officials on Efforts to Coordinate Teacher Quality Initiatives (GAO-09-594SP, July 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-593 (GAO-09-594SP). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hunt, S. A. (2012). A study of health care payment organizations’ culture and adaptability to revolutionary change [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Nir, S. M. (2017, April 24). Fire’s Death Toll: ‘5 Amazing People Full of Life,’ the Oldest of Them 20. New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Poulin, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Johnson & Goldstein, 2003; Poulin, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Johnson & Goldstein, 2003)
  • Three authors: (Neumann et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Calderaro et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBurnout Research
AbbreviationBurn. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-0586

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