How to format your references using the Burnout Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Burnout Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Laughlin, G. (2015). Astronomy: A Mars-sized exoplanet. Nature, 522(7556), 290–291.
A journal article with 2 authors
Doulatov, S., & Daley, G. Q. (2013). Development. A stem cell perspective on cellular engineering. Science (New York, N.Y.), 342(6159), 700–702.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cobaleda, C., Jochum, W., & Busslinger, M. (2007). Conversion of mature B cells into T cells by dedifferentiation to uncommitted progenitors. Nature, 449(7161), 473–477.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Blasco, R., Finlayson, C., Rosell, J., Marco, A. S., Finlayson, S., Finlayson, G., Negro, J. J., Pacheco, F. G., & Vidal, J. R. (2014). The earliest pigeon fanciers. Scientific Reports, 4, 5971.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vitale, J. (2007). The Seven Lost Secrets of Success. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Heineman, G. T., Kofron, J., & Plasil, F. (Eds.). (2010). Research into Practice – Reality and Gaps: 6th International Conference on the Quality of Software Architectures, QoSA 2010, Prague, Czech Republic, June 23 - 25, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6093). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Fecher, H., Leucker, M., & Wolf, V. (2006). Don’t Know in Probabilistic Systems. In A. Valmari (Ed.), Model Checking Software: 13th International SPIN Workshop, Vienna, Austria, March 30 - April 1, 2006. Proceedings (pp. 71–88). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Burnout Research.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, September 23). Whale Microbiomes Hint At Their Evolutionary Past. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Rail Transit: Reliability of FTA’s Rail Accident Database (GAO-11-217R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez, F. (2009). A historical analysis of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the United States [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, November 4). From Restaurant Fryers, A Petroleum Alternative. New York Times, 14LI6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Laughlin, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Doulatov & Daley, 2013; Laughlin, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Doulatov & Daley, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Cobaleda et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Blasco et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBurnout Research
AbbreviationBurn. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-0586

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