How to format your references using the Burnout Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Burnout Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hapgood, M. (2012). Astrophysics: Prepare for the coming space weather storm. Nature, 484(7394), 311–313.
A journal article with 2 authors
Harpole, W. S., & Tilman, D. (2007). Grassland species loss resulting from reduced niche dimension. Nature, 446(7137), 791–793.
A journal article with 3 authors
Grutzendler, J., Kasthuri, N., & Gan, W.-B. (2002). Long-term dendritic spine stability in the adult cortex. Nature, 420(6917), 812–816.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sikora, D., Rocheleau, L., Brown, E. G., & Pelchat, M. (2014). Deep sequencing reveals the eight facets of the influenza A/HongKong/1/1968 (H3N2) virus cap-snatching process. Scientific Reports, 4, 6181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cheng, V. S., & Tong, J. C. (2017). Building Sustainability in East Asia. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hameurlain, A., Küng, J., Wagner, R., Decker, H., Lhotska, L., & Link, S. (Eds.). (2016). Transactions on Large-Scale Data- and Knowledge-Centered Systems XXIV: Special Issue on Database- and Expert-Systems Applications (1st ed. 2016, Vol. 9510). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Giani, A., Cereda, M., & Staurenghi, G. (2009). Spectral-Domain Oct Spectralis* HRA-OCT and Cirrus* Zeiss. In F. Coscas, S. Vismara, A. Zourdani, & C. I. L. Calzi (Eds.), Optical Coherence Tomography in Age-Related Macular Degeneration: OCT in AMD (pp. 35–48). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Burnout Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, July 10). Immunizing Frogs Against a Killer Fungus. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Undergraduate Helicopter Pilot Training: Consolidation Could Yield Significant Savings (FPCD-80-37). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Julfayan-Gregorian, V. (2017). Success Strategies of First-Generation Foreign-Born Leaders [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario, B. (2017, July 14). Judge Voids Deal Over Prince Catalog. New York Times, B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hapgood, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hapgood, 2012; Harpole & Tilman, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Harpole & Tilman, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Grutzendler et al., 2002)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sikora et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleBurnout Research
AbbreviationBurn. Res.
ISSN (print)2213-0586

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