How to format your references using the ACI Structural Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Structural Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Knapp, S. “Dynamic diversity,” Nature, V. 422, No. 6931, 2003, p. 475.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liang, B. A., and Mackey, T. “Health care policy. Reforming off-label promotion to enhance orphan disease treatment,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 327, No. 5963, 2010, pp. 273–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Osi, A., Butler, R. J., and Weishampel, D. B. “A Late Cretaceous ceratopsian dinosaur from Europe with Asian affinities,” Nature, V. 465, No. 7297, 2010, pp. 466–8.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rosenbaum, R. S., Stuss, D. T., Levine, B., et al. “Theory of mind is independent of episodic memory,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 318, No. 5854, 2007, p. 1257.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bajpai, P. “Environmentally Friendly Production of Pulp and Paper,” Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010.
An edited book
Altvater, E., and Brunnengräber, A., eds. “After Cancún: Climate Governance or Climate Conflicts,” Wiesbaden, VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften, 2011, 189 p. 4 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Budhu, A., and Wang, X. W. “Molecular Profiling of Human Hepatocellular Carcinoma.” In: Carr, B. I., ed. Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis and Treatment. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016. pp. 93–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Structural Journal.

Blog post
Hale, T. “Is This The World’s Oldest Melody?” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “No Child Left Behind Act: Education Should Clarify Guidance and Address Potential Compliance Issues for Schools in Corrective Action and Restructuring Status,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Legaspi, J. “Accelerated supported employment program: A grant proposal.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. “AMC and Comcast to Offer A Commercial-Free Option,” New York Times, 2017, p. B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Structural Journal
ISSN (print)0889-3241
ISSN (online)1944-7361

Other styles