How to format your references using the ACI Structural Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Structural Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Funk, C. D. “Prostaglandins and leukotrienes: advances in eicosanoid biology,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 294, No. 5548, 2001, pp. 1871–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ramesh, K. V., and Goswami, P. “Assessing reliability of regional climate projections: the case of Indian monsoon,” Scientific reports, V. 4, 2014, p. 4071.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dixson, D. L., Abrego, D., and Hay, M. E. “Reef ecology. Chemically mediated behavior of recruiting corals and fishes: a tipping point that may limit reef recovery,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 345, No. 6199, 2014, pp. 892–7.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Möller, P., Madland, D. G., Sierk, A. J., et al. “Nuclear fission modes and fragment mass asymmetries in a five-dimensional deformation space,” Nature, V. 409, No. 6822, 2001, pp. 785–90.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Polushkin, V. “Nuclear Electronics,” Chichester, UK, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2005.
An edited book
Shvartsman, M. M. A. A., ed. “Principles of Distributed Systems: 10th International Conference, OPODIS 2006, Bordeaux, France, December 12-15, 2006. Proceedings,” v. vol. 4305, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2006, XIV, 450 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Suzuki, K. N., Machado, E. C., Machado, W., et al. “Radiotracers as a Tool to Elucidate Trace Element Behaviour in the Water–Sediment Interface.” In: Walther, C., Gupta, D. K., eds. Radionuclides in the Environment: Influence of chemical speciation and plant uptake on radionuclide migration. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2015. pp. 101–13.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Structural Journal.

Blog post
Hale, T. “Meet ‘Row-Bot’: An Autonomous Robot That Produces Electricity From Algae.” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “District of Columbia: Performance Report Shows Continued Progress,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wizda, L. L. “A case study of online peer coaching of consultant communication skill development.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. “An Ink-Stained Reunion After Years of Digital Upheaval,” New York Times, 2017, p. A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Structural Journal
ISSN (print)0889-3241
ISSN (online)1944-7361

Other styles