How to format your references using the ACI Structural Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Structural Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wright, G. “Perspective: Synthetic biology revives antibiotics,” Nature, V. 509, No. 7498, 2014, p. S13.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bernays, E. A., and Singer, M. S. “Insect defences: taste alteration and endoparasites,” Nature, V. 436, No. 7050, 2005, p. 476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tanner, C., Manca, C., and Leutwyler, S. “Probing the threshold to H atom transfer along a hydrogen-bonded ammonia wire,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 302, No. 5651, 2003, pp. 1736–9.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Corder, R., Douthwaite, J. A., Lees, D. M., et al. “Endothelin-1 synthesis reduced by red wine,” Nature, V. 414, No. 6866, 2001, pp. 863–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Scanlan, E. A. “Fundraising Consultants,” Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2009.
An edited book
Wang, R., and Pan, X., eds. “Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (V): Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics - 2015,” 1st ed. 2016, Singapore, Springer, 2016, XXIII, 872 p. 284 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Cairns, P. “Engagement in Digital Games.” In: O’Brien, H., Cairns, P., eds. Why Engagement Matters: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives of User Engagement in Digital Media. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016. pp. 81–104.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Structural Journal.

Blog post
Evans, K. “Women’s Importance In Space Science Recognized By New NASA Website.” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Transit Grants: Department of Labor’s Certification Process,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morales, G. A. “Effects of communication and control latency on air traffic controller acceptance of unmanned aircraft operations.” Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. “La Dolce Video,” New York Times, 2009, p. CY1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Structural Journal
ISSN (print)0889-3241
ISSN (online)1944-7361

Other styles