How to format your references using the ACI Structural Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for ACI Structural Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Blow, N. “Functional neuroscience: changing the colour of MRI,” Nature, V. 458, No. 7240, 2009, p. 926.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rakoff-Nahoum, S., and Comstock, L. E. “Immunology: Starve a fever, feed the microbiota,” Nature, V. 514, No. 7524, 2014, pp. 576–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Spiegelhalter, D., Pearson, M., and Short, I. “Visualizing uncertainty about the future,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 333, No. 6048, 2011, pp. 1393–400.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hunt, J. F., Weinkauf, S., Henry, L., et al. “Nucleotide control of interdomain interactions in the conformational reaction cycle of SecA,” Science (New York, N.Y.), V. 297, No. 5589, 2002, pp. 2018–26.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cochetti, R. “Mobile Satellite Communications Handbook,” Hoboken, NJ, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2014.
An edited book
Bentley, G., ed. “European Instructional Lectures: Volume 12, 2012, 13th EFORT Congress, Berlin, Germany,” v. vol. 12, Berlin, Heidelberg, Springer, 2012, X, 248 p. 121 illus., 59 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Cornes, R., and Sato, T. “Existence and Uniqueness of Nash Equilibrium in Aggregative Games: An Expository Treatment.” In: von Mouche, P., Quartieri, F., eds. Equilibrium Theory for Cournot Oligopolies and Related Games: Essays in Honour of Koji Okuguchi. Cham, Springer International Publishing, 2016. pp. 47–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for ACI Structural Journal.

Blog post
Fang, J. “Ancient Stone Toolmaking Evolved Multiple Times Across Continents.” IFLScience. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. “Motor Carrier Safety: More Assessment and Transparency Could Enhance Benefits of New Oversight Program,” Washington, DC, U.S. Government Printing Office, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vande Voort, P. S. “A phenomenological exploration of faculty experiences using lecture capture systems.” Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky, L. “Space Invader,” New York Times, 2009, p. M234.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleACI Structural Journal
ISSN (print)0889-3241
ISSN (online)1944-7361

Other styles