How to format your references using the Vox Sanguinis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vox Sanguinis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jablonski D. Extinction: past and present. Nature. 2004 Feb 12;427(6975):589.
A journal article with 2 authors
Oppo DW, Rosenthal Y. Oceans. The great Indo-Pacific communicator. Science. 2010 Jun 18;328(5985):1492–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexandre C, Baena-Lopez A, Vincent JP. Patterning and growth control by membrane-tethered Wingless. Nature. 2014 Jan 9;505(7482):180–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Rowland HD, King WP, Pethica JB, Cross GLW. Molecular confinement accelerates deformation of entangled polymers during squeeze flow. Science. 2008 Oct 31;322(5902):720–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sauter M. From GSM to LTE-Advanced. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Markopoulos P, Martens JB, Malins J, Coninx K, Liapis A, editors. Collaboration in Creative Design: Methods and Tools. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. IX, 393 p. 150 illus., 100 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Ghosh AK. Extrusion of Multicomponent Product. In: Kim JK, Thomas S, Saha P, editors. Multicomponent Polymeric Materials. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2016. p. 109–31. (Springer Series in Materials Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vox Sanguinis.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. Goodbye, Rosetta: World Bids Farewell As Spacecraft Ends Mission With Comet Impact [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Highway Research: Systematic Selection and Evaluation Processes Needed for Research Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2002 May. Report No.: GAO-02-573.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Walker M. Industry - higher education partnerships: A case study analysis of learning together [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Russian Legislators Vote to Condemn Anti-Semitism. New York Times. 2005 Feb 5;A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVox Sanguinis
AbbreviationVox Sang.
ISSN (print)0042-9007
ISSN (online)1423-0410
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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