How to format your references using the Vox Sanguinis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vox Sanguinis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mayhew JEW. Neuroscience. A measured look at neuronal oxygen consumption. Science. 2003 Feb 14;299(5609):1023–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mizuno T, Kubo H. Overview of active cesium contamination of freshwater fish in Fukushima and Eastern Japan. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1742.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bressan M, Liu G, Mikawa T. Early mesodermal cues assign avian cardiac pacemaker fate potential in a tertiary heart field. Science. 2013 May 10;340(6133):744–8.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Iwashita T, Kruger GM, Pardal R, Kiel MJ, Morrison SJ. Hirschsprung disease is linked to defects in neural crest stem cell function. Science. 2003 Aug 15;301(5635):972–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Karlson B, Bria A, Lind J, Lönnqvist P, Norlin C. Wireless Foresight. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2005.
An edited book
Cao L, Bazzan ALC, Gorodetsky V, Mitkas PA, Weiss G, Yu PS, editors. Agents and Data Mining Interaction: 6th International Workshop on Agents and Data Mining Interaction, ADMI 2010, Toronto, ON, Canada, May 11, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. X, 192 p. 63 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 5980).
A chapter in an edited book
Bruns E, Ohlhorst D, Wenzel B, Köppel J. Innovation Conditions in the Case of Solar Power Generation. In: Ohlhorst D, Wenzel B, Köppel J, editors. Renewable Energies in Germany’s Electricity Market: A Biography of the Innovation Process. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 161–228.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vox Sanguinis.

Blog post
Luntz S. How To Get That Last Drop Of Shampoo Out Of The Bottle. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Business Modernization: NASA’s Challenges in Managing Its Integrated Financial Management Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Nov. Report No.: GAO-04-255.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Slayton KA. A psychoeducational support group for families of youth experiencing symptoms of schizophrenia: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Boone. New York Times. 2017 Apr 27;C10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVox Sanguinis
AbbreviationVox Sang.
ISSN (print)0042-9007
ISSN (online)1423-0410
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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