How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Taylor, P. (2008). Personal genomes: when consent gets in the way. Nature 456, 32–33.
A journal article with 2 authors
Benton, M. J., and Ayala, F. J. (2003). Dating the tree of life. Science 300, 1698–1700.
A journal article with 3 authors
Boyle, W. J., Simonet, W. S., and Lacey, D. L. (2003). Osteoclast differentiation and activation. Nature 423, 337–342.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Celis, C., Scurrah, M., Cowgill, S., Chumbiauca, S., Green, J., Franco, J., et al. (2004). Environmental biosafety and transgenic potato in a centre of diversity for this crop. Nature 432, 222–225.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Makishima, A. (2016). Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometry (TIMS). Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gilroy, S. W., and Harrison, M. D. eds. (2006). Interactive Systems. Design, Specification, and Verification: 12th International Workshop, DSVIS 2005, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK, July 13-15, 2005. Revised Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Chaboo, C. S. (2011). “Defensive Behaviors in Leaf Beetles: From the Unusual to the Weird,” in Chemical Biology of the Tropics: An Interdisciplinary Approach Signaling and Communication in Plants., eds. J. M. Vivanco and T. Weir (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 59–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Astronauts Test Underwater Virtual Reality Technology From Microsoft. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2013). Launch Services New Entrant Certification Guide. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ireland, K. S. (2017). The Role Family Communication Patterns Play in Shaping People’s Responses and Perceived Outcomes to Boundary Turbulence via Privacy Breaches in Their Personal Relationships.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Koblin, J. (2016). Scripted TV Shows Balloon, but Some Fear a Pop. New York Times, B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Taylor, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Benton and Ayala, 2003; Taylor, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Benton and Ayala, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Celis et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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