How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maxmen, A. (2010). Grassroots initiatives. Nature 466, S20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schwarzman, M. R., and Wilson, M. P. (2009). Science and regulation. New science for chemicals policy. Science 326, 1065–1066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nilewski, C., Geisser, R. W., and Carreira, E. M. (2009). Total synthesis of a chlorosulpholipid cytotoxin associated with seafood poisoning. Nature 457, 573–576.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gogurla, N., Sinha, A. K., Santra, S., Manna, S., and Ray, S. K. (2014). Multifunctional Au-ZnO plasmonic nanostructures for enhanced UV photodetector and room temperature NO sensing devices. Sci. Rep. 4, 6483.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Connor, K., and Aardema, F. (2011). Clinician’s Handbook for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Peiris, C. (2007). Pro WCF: Practical Microsoft SOA Implementation. , eds. D. Mulder, S. Cicoria, A. Bahree, and N. Pathak Berkeley, CA: Apress.
A chapter in an edited book
Mühling, A., Hubwieser, P., and Berges, M. (2015). “Dimensions of Programming Knowledge,” in Informatics in Schools. Curricula, Competences, and Competitions: 8th International Conference on Informatics in Schools: Situation, Evolution, and Perspectives, ISSEP 2015, Ljubljana, Slovenia, September 28 - October 1, 2015, Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. A. Brodnik and J. Vahrenhold (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 32–44.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015). NASA Is Developing Flying Drones To Explore Distant Worlds. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1998). Year 2000 Computing Crisis: FAA Must Act Quickly to Prevent Systems Failures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Winton, T. W. (2015). Student and Teacher Perceptions of Standards-based Grading and Student Performance.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman, J. (2016). Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times, MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Maxmen, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Maxmen, 2010; Schwarzman and Wilson, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Schwarzman and Wilson, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Gogurla et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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