How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harte, J. (2008). An ecologist notes that important details are missing from climate-change models. Nature 454, 1033.
A journal article with 2 authors
Polyak, V. J., and Asmerom, Y. (2001). Late Holocene climate and cultural changes in the southwestern United States. Science 294, 148–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerstein, M., Lan, N., and Jansen, R. (2002). Proteomics. Integrating interactomes. Science 295, 284–287.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Tokunaga, K., Saitoh, N., Goldberg, I. G., Sakamoto, C., Yasuda, Y., Yoshida, Y., et al. (2014). Computational image analysis of colony and nuclear morphology to evaluate human induced pluripotent stem cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 6996.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Flaus, J.-M. (2013). Risk Analysis. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Evans, N. (2015). A Systematic Review of Rural Development Research: Characteristics, Design Quality and Engagement with Sustainability. , eds. M. Lasen and K. Tsey Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Nahhas, E. (2016). “The ‘Silenced’ Narrative of 1948 War Events Among Young Palestinians in Israel,” in A Social Psychology Perspective on The Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Celebrating the Legacy of Daniel Bar-Tal, Vol II Peace Psychology Book Series., eds. K. Sharvit and E. Halperin (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 61–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014). Sharp-toothed tigerfish jumps into the sky to eat birds. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2017). Department of Transportation: Experts Identified Areas for Operational Improvements without Implementing Organizational Changes. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dale, B. (2012). Changing how we change: A case study of Escondido Union School District.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S. (2017). Trump Denies Weighing Whether to Fire Mueller. New York Times, A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Harte, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Polyak and Asmerom, 2001; Harte, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Polyak and Asmerom, 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Tokunaga et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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