How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Goymer, P. (2014). Sustainable ecosystems and society. Nature 515, 49.
A journal article with 2 authors
Gelb, M. H., and Hol, W. G. J. (2002). Parasitology. Drugs to combat tropical protozoan parasites. Science 297, 343–344.
A journal article with 3 authors
West, S. A., Pen, I., and Griffin, A. S. (2002). Cooperation and competition between relatives. Science 296, 72–75.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Parker, A. R., McPhedran, R. C., McKenzie, D. R., Botten, L. C., and Nicorovici, N. A. (2001). Photonic engineering. Aphrodite’s iridescence. Nature 409, 36–37.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Heller, D. (2011). Hairspray. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Spyns, P. (2015). Scientific Peer Reviewing: Practical Hints and Best Practices. , ed. M.-E. Vidal Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Grob, A., Colleran, C., and McStay, B. (2011). “UBF an Essential Player in Maintenance of Active NORs and Nucleolar Formation,” in The Nucleolus, ed. M. O. J. Olson (New York, NY: Springer), 83–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Why Did SpaceX’s Rocket Explode In The Atmosphere? IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Aerospace Plane Technology: Research and Development Efforts in Europe. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Crider, M. C. (2012). The social and environmental effects of shrimp mariculture: Case studies of two coastal villages in Ecuador.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee, L. (2008). Anarchy? No, It’s Art. New York Times, ST4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Goymer, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Gelb and Hol, 2002; Goymer, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gelb and Hol, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Parker et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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