How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hoare, M. G. (2015). Astronomy. How young stars grow and become focused. Science 348, 44–45.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackem, S., and Lewandoski, M. (2011). Development. Limb cells don’t tell time. Science 332, 1038–1039.
A journal article with 3 authors
Katsanis, S. H., Javitt, G., and Hudson, K. (2008). Public health. A case study of personalized medicine. Science 320, 53–54.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Gordon, J. M., Feuermann, D., Huleihil, M., Mizrahi, S., and Shaco-Levy, R. (2003). Fibre optics: surgery by sunlight on live animals. Nature 424, 510.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Strome, T. L. (2013). Healthcare Analytics for Quality and Performance Improvement. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Jezic, G., Kusek, M., Nguyen, N.-T., Howlett, R. J., and Jain, L. C. eds. (2012). Agent and Multi-Agent Systems. Technologies and Applications: 6th KES International Conference, KES-AMSTA 2012,Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
O’Donoghue, T., and Harford, J. (2016). “Secondary School Education in Other Catholic Boys’ Secondary Schools in Ireland, 1922–1962,” in Secondary School Education in Ireland: History, Memories and Life Stories, 1922–1967, ed. J. Harford (London: Palgrave Macmillan UK), 87–119.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2015). Researchers Reveal How Close Santorini Came To Erupting In 2012. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991). Aviation Noise: Costs of Phasing Out Noisy Aircraft. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler-Roberts, J. (2017). Fashioning distinction: construction of identity through dress and photography in nineteenth-century Paris.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Buckley, C. (2017). Tycoon’s Claims Reverberate in China Despite Censorship and Thin Evidence. New York Times, A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hoare, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Mackem and Lewandoski, 2011; Hoare, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mackem and Lewandoski, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Gordon et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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