How to format your references using the Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bernstein, R. (2015). Science by any means necessary. Science 347, 686.
A journal article with 2 authors
Aratyn-Schaus, Y., and Gardel, M. L. (2008). Biophysics. Clutch dynamics. Science 322, 1646–1647.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gutiérrez, N. L., Hilborn, R., and Defeo, O. (2011). Leadership, social capital and incentives promote successful fisheries. Nature 470, 386–389.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Thompson, J. R., Pacocha, S., Pharino, C., Klepac-Ceraj, V., Hunt, D. E., Benoit, J., et al. (2005). Genotypic diversity within a natural coastal bacterioplankton population. Science 307, 1311–1313.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Keene, J. (2008). Clients with Complex Needs: Interprofessional Practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Oppen, M. J. H. van, and Lough, J. M. eds. (2009). Coral Bleaching: Patterns, Processes, Causes and Consequences. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lo Nigro, G., Bruccoleri, M., and La Commare, U. (2005). “Negotiation Models in Manufacturing E-Marketplaces,” in Designing and Evaluating Value Added Services in Manufacturing E-Market Places, eds. G. Perrone, M. Bruccoleri, and P. Renna (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 97–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Cancer Endocrinology.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Oxygen Levels In The Ocean Have Dropped Due To Climate Change. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1970). Management Controls Over Use of ADP For Scientific Applications. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, T. H. (2015). Adolescent substance use family-based treatment: A grant proposal project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker, P. (2017). Reluctantly, Trump Recertifies Iran’s Compliance With Nuclear Agreement. New York Times, A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bernstein, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Aratyn-Schaus and Gardel, 2008; Bernstein, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Aratyn-Schaus and Gardel, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Thompson et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Cancer Endocrinology
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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