How to format your references using the Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson, S.M. (2013). Professional development for science teachers. Science 340, 310–313. .
A journal article with 2 authors
Wynia, M.K., and Gostin, L. (2002). Medicine. The bioterrorist threat and access to health care. Science 296, 1613. .
A journal article with 3 authors
Fisher, R.J., Pevsner, J., and Burgoyne, R.D. (2001). Control of fusion pore dynamics during exocytosis by Munc18. Science 291, 875–878. .
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Radu, I.P., Miller, J.B., Marcus, C.M., Kastner, M.A., Pfeiffer, L.N., and West, K.W. (2008). Quasi-particle properties from tunneling in the v = 5/2 fractional quantum Hall state. Science 320, 899–902. .

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ratliff, T.A. (2005). The Laboratory Quality Assurance System (Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.).
An edited book
(2015). Chronic Abdominal Pain: An Evidence-Based, Comprehensive Guide to Clinical Management (New York, NY: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Cámpora, J., and Brasse, M. (2011). Challenges and Breakthroughs in Transition Metal Catalyzed Copolymerization of Polar and Non-Polar Olefins. In Olefin Upgrading Catalysis by Nitrogen-Based Metal Complexes II: State of the Art and Perspectives, J. Campora, and G. Giambastiani, eds. (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), pp. 199–261.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunity.

Blog post
Andrews, R. (2016). These Sex Acts Are Being Banned From Pornography In The UK (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2000). IRS Modernization: Business Practice, Performance Management, and Information Technology Challenges (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Watkins, J.J. (2017). Victor Echo Tango (VET) Support Services Inc. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly, E. (1998). Circular Makes the Rounds and Residents Complain. New York Times 148. .

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilson, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Wilson, 2013; Wynia and Gostin, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wynia and Gostin, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Radu et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunity
ISSN (print)1074-7613
ISSN (online)1097-4180
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases

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