How to format your references using the Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schiermeier, Q. (2003). Clouded vision. Nature 422, 356–357.
A journal article with 2 authors
Weston, E.M., and Lister, A.M. (2009). Insular dwarfism in hippos and a model for brain size reduction in Homo floresiensis. Nature 459, 85–88.
A journal article with 3 authors
Marshall, C.H., Pielke, R.A., Sr, and Steyaert, L.T. (2003). Wetlands: crop freezes and land-use change in Florida. Nature 426, 29–30.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Zhou, W.P., Li, Q., Xiong, Y.Q., Zhang, Q.M., Wang, D.H., Cao, Q.Q., Lv, L.Y., and Du, Y.W. (2014). Electric field manipulation of magnetic and transport properties in SrRuO3/Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3 heterostructure. Sci. Rep. 4, 6991.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Uribe, S. (2017). Frontier Road (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
(2011). Multi-objective Design Space Exploration of Multiprocessor SoC Architectures: The MULTICUBE Approach (New York, NY: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Burgstaller, B., and Blieberger, J. (2014). Kronecker Algebra for Static Analysis of Ada Programs with Protected Objects. In Reliable Software Technologies – Ada-Europe 2014: 19th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, Paris, France, June 23-27, 2014. Proceedings, L. George, and T. Vardanega, eds. (Cham: Springer International Publishing), pp. 27–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunity.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2017). Scientists Create A Mind-Controlled Turtle (IFLScience).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015). Transportation Safety: Results of Collection of Information on State Permitting Practices for Oversize Vehicles (GAO-15-235SP, February 2015), an E-supplement to GAO-15-236 [Reissued on February 27, 2015] (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kuang, S.-Y.H. (2010). “And the War Came”: A memorial to devastated lives. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, D. (1993). CHILDREN’S BOOKS. New York Times 723.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schiermeier, 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Schiermeier, 2003; Weston and Lister, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Weston and Lister, 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhou et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunity
AbbreviationImmunity
ISSN (print)1074-7613
ISSN (online)1097-4180
ScopeImmunology
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases

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