How to format your references using the Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, A. (2014). Cell biology: Potency unchained. Nature 505, 622–623.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taylor, J.R.A., and Kier, W.M. (2003). Switching skeletons: hydrostatic support in molting crabs. Science 301, 209–210.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford, M.G.J., Jenni, S., and Nunnari, J. (2011). The crystal structure of dynamin. Nature 477, 561–566.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Marti, M., Good, R.T., Rug, M., Knuepfer, E., and Cowman, A.F. (2004). Targeting malaria virulence and remodeling proteins to the host erythrocyte. Science 306, 1930–1933.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ahmad, S.R., and Cartwright, M. (2014). Laser Ignition of Energetic Materials (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Bruinier, J.H. (2008). The 1-2-3 of Modular Forms: Lectures at a Summer School in Nordfjordeid, Norway (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Benson, D.J., Iyengar, S., and Krause, H. (2012). Thursday. In Representations of Finite Groups: Local Cohomology and Support, S. Iyengar, and H. Krause, eds. (Basel: Springer), pp. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunity.

Blog post
Taub, B. (2016). Researchers Say Psychedelic Drugs Could Help Cure Addiction (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). U.S. Statistics on International Technology Transfer: Need for Additional Measures (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dalbey, S.B. (2017). Celebrity Endorsements and Voting Intentions: The Role of Liking and Preference for Consistency. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Markoff, J. (2017). Shhh! That Helpful Robot May Pose a Security Risk. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smith, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Smith, 2014; Taylor and Kier, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Taylor and Kier, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Marti et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunity
ISSN (print)1074-7613
ISSN (online)1097-4180
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases

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