How to format your references using the Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ball, P. (2011). Beyond the bond. Nature 469, 26–28.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rappuoli, R., and Covacci, A. (2003). Reverse vaccinology and genomics. Science 302, 602.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meyer zu Heringdorf, F.J., Reuter, M.C., and Tromp, R.M. (2001). Growth dynamics of pentacene thin films. Nature 412, 517–520.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Liu, C., Ma, Z., Xu, S., Hou, J., Hu, Y., Yu, Y., Liu, R., Chen, Z., and Lu, Y. (2014). Activation of the germ-cell potential of human bone marrow-derived cells by a chemical carcinogen. Sci. Rep. 4, 5564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler, H. (2015). Food Industry Innovation School, The (Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Chin, S. (2011). Pro Android Flash (Berkeley, CA: Apress).
A chapter in an edited book
Everly, G.S., and Lating, J.M. (2013). Stress-Related Disease: A Review. In A Clinical Guide to the Treatment of the Human Stress Response, J.M. Lating, ed. (New York, NY: Springer), pp. 67–102.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunity.

Blog post
Luntz, S. (2014). Neanderthal Gene Cluster More Common in Europeans (IFLScience).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Air Traffic Control: Continuing Delays Anticipated for the Advanced Automation System (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Taylor, T.E. (2016). Characterizing EGFRvIII-independent glioblastoma maintenance. Doctoral dissertation. University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O. (2016). Friday File: When the Ball First Dropped on New Year’s Eve. New York Times C26.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ball, 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ball, 2011; Rappuoli and Covacci, 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rappuoli and Covacci, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunity
ISSN (print)1074-7613
ISSN (online)1097-4180
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases

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