How to format your references using the Immunity citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Immunity. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gavaghan, H. (2000). Mergers and acquisitions rock UK chemical industry infrastructure. Nature 406, 812.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sprang, S.R., and Elk, J.C. (2012). Cell signaling. Structural origins of receptor bias. Science 335, 1055–1056.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dethlefsen, L., McFall-Ngai, M., and Relman, D.A. (2007). An ecological and evolutionary perspective on human-microbe mutualism and disease. Nature 449, 811–818.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Hirota, T., Lipp, J.J., Toh, B.-H., and Peters, J.-M. (2005). Histone H3 serine 10 phosphorylation by Aurora B causes HP1 dissociation from heterochromatin. Nature 438, 1176–1180.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Saksena, F.B. (2015). Patient Studies in Valvular, Congenital, and Rarer Forms of Cardiovascular Disease (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd).
An edited book
Shi, X., and Chen, Y. eds. (2014). Machine Translation: 10th China Workshop, CWMT 2014, Macau, China, November 4-6, 2014. Proceedings (Springer).
A chapter in an edited book
Araki, F. (2015). Quality Assurance (QA). In Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy: Principles and Practices, Y. Nagata, ed. (Springer Japan), pp. 59–71.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Immunity.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Can We Expand Solar Power Dramatically Without Damaging Protected Lands? IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992). Airport Capacity: Synopses of Major Studies (U.S. Government Printing Office).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Page, J.A. (2009). Contested urban space: Competing discourses of urban development and environmental conservation in Playa Vista, California.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Branch, J. (2017). Bringing Sports World Into the ‘Now,’ With Gadgets. New York Times, B5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 2.
This sentence cites two references 2,4.
This sentence cites four references 2,4,6,8.

About the journal

Full journal titleImmunity
ISSN (print)1074-7613
ISSN (online)1097-4180
Immunology and Allergy
Infectious Diseases

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