How to format your references using the Visualization in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Visualization in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kauer, J. S. (2002). On the scents of smell in the salamander. Nature, 417(6886), 336–342.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, J.-Q., & Pollard, T. D. (2005). Counting cytokinesis proteins globally and locally in fission yeast. Science (New York, N.Y.), 310(5746), 310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Long, S. B., Casey, P. J., & Beese, L. S. (2002). Reaction path of protein farnesyltransferase at atomic resolution. Nature, 419(6907), 645–650.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jiggins, C. D., Naisbit, R. E., Coe, R. L., & Mallet, J. (2001). Reproductive isolation caused by colour pattern mimicry. Nature, 411(6835), 302–305.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Waupsh, J. (2016). Bankruption. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Poston, D. L., Tucker, J., Ren, Q., Gu, B., Zheng, X., Wang, S., & Russell, C. (Eds.). (2009). Gender Policy and HIV in China: Catalyzing Policy Change (1st ed., Vol. 22). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Chakravarty, S. R. (2006). An Axiomatic Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement via Fuzzy Sets. In A. Lemmi & G. Betti (Eds.), Fuzzy Set Approach to Multidimensional Poverty Measurement (pp. 49–72). Boston, MA: Springer US.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Visualization in Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, November 20). Two New Sub-Atomic Particles Discovered at CERN. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). Shared Resources Project: Evaluation Report (No. 142798). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mann, H. M. (2009). Testing for differentially functioning indicators using mixtures of confirmatory factor analysis models (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney, K. (2008, January 20). Food That Recalls a Childhood. New York Times, p. NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kauer 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Kauer 2002; Wu and Pollard 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Pollard 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Jiggins et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleVisualization in Engineering
AbbreviationVis. Eng.
ISSN (online)2213-7459

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