How to format your references using the Visualization in Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Visualization in Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Connelly, J. N. (2010). Geochemistry. Adjusting the solar system’s absolute clock. Science (New York, N.Y.), 327(5964), 422–423.
A journal article with 2 authors
Russell, D. G., & Nathan, C. F. (2013). Perspective: Graduation time. Nature, 502(7470), S7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bishop, J. K. B., Davis, R. E., & Sherman, J. T. (2002). Robotic observations of dust storm enhancement of carbon biomass in the North Pacific. Science (New York, N.Y.), 298(5594), 817–821.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Dulieu, F., Congiu, E., Noble, J., Baouche, S., Chaabouni, H., Moudens, A., et al. (2013). How micron-sized dust particles determine the chemistry of our Universe. Scientific reports, 3, 1338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dixon, B., & Uddameri, V. (2015). GIS and Geocomputation for Water Resource Science and Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Chinchuluun, A., Pardalos, P. M., Migdalas, A., & Pitsoulis, L. (Eds.). (2008). Pareto Optimality, Game Theory And Equilibria (Vol. 17). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Cheng, Y., An, H., Chen, Z., Li, F., Wang, Z., Jiang, X., & Peng, Y. (2014). Understanding the SIMD Efficiency of Graph Traversal on GPU. In X.-H. Sun, W. Qu, I. Stojmenovic, W. Zhou, Z. Li, H. Guo, et al. (Eds.), Algorithms and Architectures for Parallel Processing: 14th International Conference, ICA3PP 2014, Dalian, China, August 24-27, 2014. Proceedings, Part I (pp. 42–56). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Visualization in Engineering.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, January 22). Ongoing Disney Measles Outbreak Sickens 67 - Including Six Who Were Too Young To Be Vaccinated. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990). UMTA Project Oversight and Mass Transit Issues (No. T-RCED-90-103). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Saurage-Altenloh, S. M. (2017). The Measured Influence of Supplier CSR on Brand Performance Expectations in B2B Relationships (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Miller, S. (2017, May 25). Tennis Stars on Steroids? It’s Make Believe, Right? New York Times, p. B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Connelly 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Connelly 2010; Russell and Nathan 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Russell and Nathan 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Dulieu et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleVisualization in Engineering
AbbreviationVis. Eng.
ISSN (online)2213-7459

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