How to format your references using the Environmental Geochemistry and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geochemistry and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Villeval, M. C. (2012). Economics. Ready, steady, compete. Science (New York, N.Y.), 335(6068), 544–545.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lacour, J., & Linder, D. (2007). Chemistry. A counterion strategy. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5837), 462–463.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nuttall, W. J., Clarke, R. H., & Glowacki, B. A. (2012). Resources: Stop squandering helium. Nature, 485(7400), 573–575.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Irmis, R. B., Nesbitt, S. J., Padian, K., Smith, N. D., Turner, A. H., Woody, D., & Downs, A. (2007). A Late Triassic dinosauromorph assemblage from New Mexico and the rise of dinosaurs. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5836), 358–361.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nguyen, T. (2012). Investing in the High Yield Municipal Market. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wyld, D. C., Wozniak, M., Chaki, N., Meghanathan, N., & Nagamalai, D. (Eds.). (2011). Advances in Network Security and Applications: 4th International Conference, CNSA 2011, Chennai, India, July 15-17, 2011 (Vol. 196). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mariconda, C., & Tonolo, A. (2016). Stirling Numbers and Eulerian Numbers. In A. Tonolo (Ed.), Discrete Calculus: Methods for Counting (pp. 105–151). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geochemistry and Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 12). Massive Storm Found Within Galaxy. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1994). Voice of America: Station Modernization Projects Need to Be Justified (No. NSIAD-94-69). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Detweiler, K. R. (2012). Exploring Discursive Interaction, Habitus, and Dynamic Co-emergence Among an Agency Leader and Congressional Oversight Committee: A Case Study of Languaging in Practice (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L. (2007, October 3). Justices Take Up Discretion Of the Courts in Sentencing. New York Times, p. A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Villeval 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Lacour and Linder 2007; Villeval 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lacour and Linder 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Irmis et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Geochem. Health
ISSN (print)0269-4042
ISSN (online)1573-2983
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

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