How to format your references using the Environmental Geochemistry and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geochemistry and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Retallack, G. J. (2013). Ediacaran life on land. Nature, 493(7430), 89–92.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wilusz, J. E., & Sharp, P. A. (2013). Molecular biology. A circuitous route to noncoding RNA. Science (New York, N.Y.), 340(6131), 440–441.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chao, B. F., Wu, Y. H., & Li, Y. S. (2008). Impact of artificial reservoir water impoundment on global sea level. Science (New York, N.Y.), 320(5873), 212–214.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Liu, Y., Granet, D., Lin, H., Baxter, S., Ouyang, H., Zhu, J., et al. (2018). Liu et al. reply. Nature, 556(7699), E3–E4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gasser, W., Heiner, E., & Elk, K. (2005). Greensche Funktionen in Festkörper- und Vielteilchenphysik. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Gerbarg, D. (Ed.). (2009). Television Goes Digital (Vol. 01). New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Helles, G. (2009). Simulating Evolution of Drosophila Melanogaster Ebony Mutants Using a Genetic Algorithm. In C. Pizzuti, M. D. Ritchie, & M. Giacobini (Eds.), Evolutionary Computation, Machine Learning and Data Mining in Bioinformatics: 7th European Conference, EvoBIO 2009 Tübingen, Germany, April 15-17, 2009 Proceedings (pp. 37–43). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geochemistry and Health.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015, July 2). New Oviraptorosaur Discovered at Railroad Construction Site in China. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Regulatory Guidance Processes: Selected Departments Could Strengthen Internal Control and Dissemination Practices (No. GAO-15-368). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parkinson, M. M. (2011). Adult readers’ calibration of word learning (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Isbister, M. (2011, September 18). The Joy of Making Things. New York Times, p. BU10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Retallack 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Retallack 2013; Wilusz and Sharp 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wilusz and Sharp 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Liu et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Geochem. Health
ISSN (print)0269-4042
ISSN (online)1573-2983
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

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