How to format your references using the Environmental Geochemistry and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geochemistry and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
van Meer, G. (2002). Cell biology. The different hues of lipid rafts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 296(5569), 855–857.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sedlak, D. L., & von Gunten, U. (2011). Chemistry. The chlorine dilemma. Science (New York, N.Y.), 331(6013), 42–43.
A journal article with 3 authors
Irie, M., Kobatake, S., & Horichi, M. (2001). Reversible surface morphology changes of a photochromic diarylethene single crystal by photoirradiation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 291(5509), 1769–1772.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Höhr, A. I. C., Lindau, C., Wirth, C., Qiu, J., Stroud, D. A., Kutik, S., et al. (2018). Membrane protein insertion through a mitochondrial β-barrel gate. Science (New York, N.Y.), 359(6373).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stafford, F. (2012). Reading Romantic Poetry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Bradley, P. (Ed.). (2016). Food, Media and Contemporary Culture: The Edible Image. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK.
A chapter in an edited book
Pisanty, A. (2016). Network Neutrality Under the Lens of Risk Management. In L. Belli & P. De Filippi (Eds.), Net Neutrality Compendium: Human Rights, Free Competition and the Future of the Internet (pp. 53–62). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geochemistry and Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 23). Teenage Girl Had To Stay Awake For Four Days After Parasite Started Eating Her Eyeball. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1993). Systemwide Education Reform: Federal Leadership Could Facilitate District-Level Efforts (No. T-HRD-93-20). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Valdovinos, G. (2012). Entre familia (among family): A parent training and social support program for Latino families. A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000, September 6). Navratilova Loves This. New York Times, p. D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (van Meer 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sedlak and von Gunten 2011; van Meer 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sedlak and von Gunten 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Höhr et al. 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Geochem. Health
ISSN (print)0269-4042
ISSN (online)1573-2983
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

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