How to format your references using the Environmental Geochemistry and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Geochemistry and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Singleton, A. B. (2014). Genetics. A unified process for neurological disease. Science (New York, N.Y.), 343(6170), 497–498.
A journal article with 2 authors
Calka, A., & Wexler, D. (2002). Mechanical milling assisted by electrical discharge. Nature, 419(6903), 147–151.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turney, C. S. M., Roberts, R. G., & Jacobs, Z. (2006). Archaeology: progress and pitfalls in radiocarbon dating. Nature, 443(7108), E3; discussion E4.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Cahoon, J. F., Sawyer, K. R., Schlegel, J. P., & Harris, C. B. (2008). Determining transition-state geometries in liquids using 2D-IR. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5871), 1820–1823.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cuddy-Keane, M., Hammond, A., & Peat, A. (2014). Modernism: Keywords. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Cheng, T. (Ed.). (2015). Hematopoietic Differentiation of Human Pluripotent Stem Cells (1st ed. 2015., Vol. 6). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Nilius, G., Franke, K.-J., Domanski, U., Rühle, K.-H., Kirkness, J. P., & Schneider, H. (2013). Effects of Nasal Insufflation on Arterial Gas Exchange and Breathing Pattern in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure. In M. Pokorski (Ed.), Respiratory Regulation - Clinical Advances (pp. 27–34). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Geochemistry and Health.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, June 15). Intelligent Life In The Universe? Phone Home, Dammit! IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). Survey of NASA’s Lessons Learned Process (No. GAO-01-1015R). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Stefanek, A. (2019). Quantitative Purchasing Structure for Ferrous Scrap (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, J., & Palmer, E. (2016, March 26). A Mysterious Death on the Upper East Side Unsettles Residents. New York Times, p. A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Singleton 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Calka and Wexler 2002; Singleton 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Calka and Wexler 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Cahoon et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
AbbreviationEnviron. Geochem. Health
ISSN (print)0269-4042
ISSN (online)1573-2983
ScopeGeochemistry and Petrology
General Environmental Science
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

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