How to format your references using the Advanced Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Turchin P. Arise “cliodynamics.” Nature. 2008;454:34–35.
A journal article with 2 authors
Dermitzakis ET, Clark AG. Genetics. Life after GWA studies. Science. 2009;326:239–240.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lyons TW, Reinhard CT, Planavsky NJ. The rise of oxygen in Earth’s early ocean and atmosphere. Nature. 2014;506:307–315.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Morbidelli A, Levison HF, Tsiganis K, et al. Chaotic capture of Jupiter’s Trojan asteroids in the early Solar System. Nature. 2005;435:462–465.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zinkin J. Rebuilding Trust in Banks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Gronden JW van de, Szyszczak E, Neergaard U, et al., editors. Health Care and EU Law. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Telegeev I, Voronin E, Pakhlov E. Modification of Nanosilica Surface by Methyl Methacrylate Silane Coupling Agents. In: Reithmaier JP, Paunovic P, Kulisch W, et al., editors. Nanotechnological Basis for Advanced Sensors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011. p. 51–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Robotics.

Blog post
Andrews R. Pluto’s Heart Is A Young Radioactive Sea Of Flowing Nitrogen Icebergs [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Activities of the Research and Development Center - Thailand, Advanced Research Projects Agency. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971. Report No.: B-167324. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schroder GL. A quantitative study of critical thinking skills in bachelors of science nursing program students [Doctoral dissertation]. [Phoenix, AZ]: University of Phoenix; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kleiman K. What to Do With an Empty Storefront? A Makeshift Art Gallery. New York Times. 2010 Mar 12;A21B.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Robotics
AbbreviationAdv. Robot.
ISSN (print)0169-1864
ISSN (online)1568-5535
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Human-Computer Interaction
Control and Systems Engineering

Other styles