How to format your references using the Advanced Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stirling A. Keep it complex. Nature. 2010;468:1029–1031.
A journal article with 2 authors
Palfrey J, Zittrain J. Information science. Better data for a better Internet. Science. 2011;334:1210–1211.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sambur JB, Novet T, Parkinson BA. Multiple exciton collection in a sensitized photovoltaic system. Science. 2010;330:63–66.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hsieh Y-W, Huang C-Y, Yang S-Y, et al. Oral intake of curcumin markedly activated CYP 3A4: in vivo and ex-vivo studies. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6587.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Joyce PM, Lipton D. Lamentations Through the Centuries. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Cao J, Wen L, Liu X, editors. Process-Aware Systems: First International Workshop, PAS 2014, Shanghai, China, October 17, 2014. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Qiu D, Song J. Danshen’s In Vitro Culture. In: Yan X, editor. Dan Shen (Salvia miltiorrhiza) in Medicine: Volume 1 Biology and Chemistry. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2015. p. 69–87.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Robotics.

Blog post
Hale T. This Student’s Portable Vaccine “Mini-Fridge” Could Save Thousands Of Lives. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Education’s Library: Actions Needed to Improve Its Usefulness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991. Report No.: HRD-91-61. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Garza-Meza LE. Photography as a spiritual technique [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. Smoked. New York Times. 2008 Sep 21;BR18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Robotics
AbbreviationAdv. Robot.
ISSN (print)0169-1864
ISSN (online)1568-5535
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Human-Computer Interaction
Control and Systems Engineering

Other styles