How to format your references using the Advanced Robotics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Advanced Robotics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gibson M. Conservation. Fate of Iraqi archaeology. Science. 2003;299:1848–1849.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sanderson WC, Scherbov S. Demography. Remeasuring aging. Science. 2010;329:1287–1288.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dharmawardhana CC, Misra A, Ching W-Y. Quantum mechanical metric for internal cohesion in cement crystals. Sci Rep. 2014;4:7332.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Hurtado A, Holmes KA, Geistlinger TR, et al. Regulation of ERBB2 by oestrogen receptor-PAX2 determines response to tamoxifen. Nature. 2008;456:663–666.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Metzger RM. The Physical Chemist’s Toolbox. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Briscoe J. Nanostructured Piezoelectric Energy Harvesters. Dunn S, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
Bernstein DJ, Birkner P, Lange T. Starfish on Strike. In: Abdalla M, Barreto PSLM, editors. Progress in Cryptology – LATINCRYPT 2010: First International Conference on Cryptology and Information Security in Latin America, Puebla, Mexico, August 8-11, 2010, proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010. p. 61–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Advanced Robotics.

Blog post
Andrew E. Robocabs: How Long Before you Ditch Your Car for a Driverless Electric Taxi? [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Observations on the National School Lunch Program’s Assessment, Improvement, and Monitoring System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1983. Report No.: 124037. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cashion AT. Exploring Dielectric Absorption: Data Collection System Development [Doctoral dissertation]. [Chapel Hill, NC]: University of North Carolina; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Harris EA, Moynihan C. Brooklyn Teacher Is Accused of Abusing Girls for 3 Years. New York Times. 2014 Oct 1;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleAdvanced Robotics
AbbreviationAdv. Robot.
ISSN (print)0169-1864
ISSN (online)1568-5535
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Hardware and Architecture
Human-Computer Interaction
Control and Systems Engineering

Other styles