How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chait, B.T., 2006. Chemistry. Mass spectrometry: bottom-up or top-down? Science 314, 65–66.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haque, S.A., Nelson, J., 2010. Physics. Toward organic all-optical switching. Science 327, 1466–1467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Anderson, G., Aagaard, B., Hudnut, K., 2003. Fault interactions and large complex earthquakes in the Los Angeles area. Science 302, 1946–1949.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Alvarez, R.A., Zavala-Araiza, D., Lyon, D.R., Allen, D.T., Barkley, Z.R., Brandt, A.R., Davis, K.J., Herndon, S.C., Jacob, D.J., Karion, A., Kort, E.A., Lamb, B.K., Lauvaux, T., Maasakkers, J.D., Marchese, A.J., Omara, M., Pacala, S.W., Peischl, J., Robinson, A.L., Shepson, P.B., Sweeney, C., Townsend-Small, A., Wofsy, S.C., Hamburg, S.P., 2018. Assessment of methane emissions from the U.S. oil and gas supply chain. Science 361, 186–188.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Svensson, H., 2012. Cable-Stayed Bridges. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Michelsen, J., 2012. Service Virtualization: Reality is Overrated. Apress, Berkeley, CA.
A chapter in an edited book
Aitchison, K., 2013. No Going Back: Remembering When British Archaeology Changed Forever, in: Jameson, J.H., Eogan, J. (Eds.), Training and Practice for Modern Day Archaeologists. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 53–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Theory.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2014. Higgs Boson Seen At Work For The First Time [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2000. Education Discretionary Grants: Awards Process Could Benefit From Additional Improvements (No. HEHS-00-55). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Cordova, M., 2009. The impact of a teacher training program on student engagement (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. Matsui Stars in Another Classic Bronx Tale. New York Times B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Chait, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Chait, 2006; Haque and Nelson, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haque and Nelson, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Alvarez et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Theory
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Theory
ISSN (print)0022-0531
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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