How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Macilwain, C., 2000. Physicists celebrate detection of elusive “final” particle. Nature 406, 334.
A journal article with 2 authors
Amini, A., Cheng, C., 2013. Nature of hardness evolution in nanocrystalline NiTi shape memory alloys during solid-state phase transition. Sci. Rep. 3, 2476.
A journal article with 3 authors
Asbury, C.L., Fehr, A.N., Block, S.M., 2003. Kinesin moves by an asymmetric hand-over-hand mechanism. Science 302, 2130–2134.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, J., Ishiguro, K.-I., Nambu, A., Akiyoshi, B., Yokobayashi, S., Kagami, A., Ishiguro, T., Pendas, A.M., Takeda, N., Sakakibara, Y., Kitajima, T.S., Tanno, Y., Sakuno, T., Watanabe, Y., 2018. Author Correction: Meikin is a conserved regulator of meiosis-I-specific kinetochore function. Nature 563, E23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Askoolum, A., 2007. System Building with APL + Win. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Noor, T.H., 2014. Trust Management in Cloud Services. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Liu, W., Fu, B., Liu, X., Jin, Y., 2015. Numerical Calculation and Analysis of Influencing Factors on Waist Force of Armored Vehicle Driver, in: Long, S., Dhillon, B.S. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Man–Machine–Environment System Engineering, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 39–47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Doomed Russian Spacecraft Will Re-Enter Earth’s Atmosphere On May 8th [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1980. The Road to a Billion Dollar Saving: A Team Effort (No. 113269). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Scharf, M.T., 2015. Comparing Student Cumulative Course Grades, Attrition, and Satisfaction in Traditional and Virtual Classroom Environments (Doctoral dissertation). Northcentral University, Scottsdale, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G., 2010. How Broken Must College Football Be to Fix It? New York Times B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Macilwain, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Amini and Cheng, 2013; Macilwain, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Amini and Cheng, 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Kim et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Theory
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Theory
ISSN (print)0022-0531
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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