How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Piran, T., 2002. Astronomy. Demotion looms for gamma-ray bursts. Science 295, 986–987.
A journal article with 2 authors
Anikeeva, P., Koppes, R.A., 2015. BIOENGINEERING. Restoring the sense of touch. Science 350, 274–275.
A journal article with 3 authors
Son, M.Y., Lee, J.-K., Kang, Y.C., 2014. Fabrication and electrochemical performance of 0.6Li2MnO3-0.4Li(Ni1/3Co1/3Mn1/3)O2 microspheres by two-step spray-drying process. Sci. Rep. 4, 5752.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, X., Chen, J., Lu, Z., Yu, H., Yan, Q., Hng, H.H., 2013. Carbon inverse opal entrapped with electrode active nanoparticles as high-performance anode for lithium-ion batteries. Sci. Rep. 3, 2317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Numai, T., 2010. Laser Diodes and their Applications to Communications and Information Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Smits, A.J., 2006. Turbulent Shear Layers in Supersonic Flow, Second Edition. ed. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Schomburg, H., Teichler, U., 2006. THE EDUCATIONAL PATHS AND ATTAINMENTS, in: Teichler, U. (Ed.), Higher Education and Graduate Employment in Europe: Results from Graduate Surveys from Twelve Countries, Higher Education Dynamics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 29–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2017. A Supercomputer Just Made The World’s First AI-Created Film Trailer – Here’s How Well It Did [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1985. Concerns Over Labor’s Ability To Implement the Job Training Partnership Act (No. HRD-85-61). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Butler, M.L., 2017. Floating Homelands: Postnational Constructions of Home in Contemporary Africana Women’s Literature (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, C., 2014. In Estate Planning, Family Isn’t Always First. New York Times B6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Piran, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Anikeeva and Koppes, 2015; Piran, 2002).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Anikeeva and Koppes, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Theory
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Theory
ISSN (print)0022-0531
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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