How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. A dose of reality. Nature 432, 655.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akbalik, G., Schuman, E.M., 2014. Molecular biology. mRNA, live and unmasked. Science 343, 375–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Li, J., Sato, T., Kageyama, A., 2002. Repeated and sudden reversals of the dipole field generated by a spherical dynamo action. Science 295, 1887–1890.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chung, H.-Y., Weinberger, M.B., Levine, J.B., Cumberland, R.W., Kavner, A., Yang, J.-M., Tolbert, S.H., Kaner, R.B., 2007. Synthesis of ultra-incompressible superhard rhenium diboride at ambient pressure. Science 316, 436–439.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Meyr, H., Moeneclaey, M., Fechtel, S.A., 2001. Digital Communication Receivers: Synchronization, Channel Estimation, and Signal Processing. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA.
An edited book
Huth, M., Asokan, N., Čapkun, S., Flechais, I., Coles-Kemp, L. (Eds.), 2013. Trust and Trustworthy Computing: 6th International Conference, TRUST 2013, London, UK, June 17-19, 2013. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Colley, S., 2012. Archaeological Field Schools and Fieldwork Practice in an Australian Context, in: Mytum, H. (Ed.), Global Perspectives on Archaeological Field Schools: Constructions of Knowledge and Experience. Springer, New York, NY, pp. 61–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. New footage shows unique perspective of Felix Baumgartner’s historic jump [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2014. Space Acquisitions: Assessment of Overhead Persistent Infrared Technology Report (No. GAO-14-287R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haile, M.D., 2012. A mental health community outreach and education program for Eritrean immigrants: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B., 2017. By the Time It Gets Dark. New York Times C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Akbalik and Schuman, 2014; Smaglik, 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Akbalik and Schuman, 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Chung et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Theory
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Theory
ISSN (print)0022-0531
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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