How to format your references using the Journal of Economic Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Economic Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Baker, S., 2015. Infectious disease. A return to the pre-antimicrobial era? Science 347, 1064–1066.
A journal article with 2 authors
Grünwald, D., Singer, R.H., 2010. In vivo imaging of labelled endogenous β-actin mRNA during nucleocytoplasmic transport. Nature 467, 604–607.
A journal article with 3 authors
Oliveira, R.F., Carneiro, L.A., Canário, A.V.M., 2005. Behavioural endocrinology: no hormonal response in tied fights. Nature 437, 207–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ogle, J.M., Brodersen, D.E., Clemons, W.M., Jr, Tarry, M.J., Carter, A.P., Ramakrishnan, V., 2001. Recognition of cognate transfer RNA by the 30S ribosomal subunit. Science 292, 897–902.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kelly, V.A., 2015. ADDICTION in the Family: What Every Counselor Needs to Know. American Counseling Association, Alexandria, USA.
An edited book
Domingo-Ferrer, J. (Ed.), 2014. Privacy in Statistical Databases: UNESCO Chair in Data Privacy, International Conference, PSD 2014, Ibiza, Spain, September 17-19, 2014. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Biesinger, B., Hu, B., Raidl, G.R., 2015. A Variable Neighborhood Search for the Generalized Vehicle Routing Problem with Stochastic Demands, in: Ochoa, G., Chicano, F. (Eds.), Evolutionary Computation in Combinatorial Optimization: 15th European Conference, EvoCOP 2015, Copenhagen, Denmark, April 8-10, 2015, Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 48–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Economic Theory.

Blog post
Fang, J., 2015. Scorpions Break Off Their Tail (With Anus) to Escape Predators [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1976. Contract Award by the Federal Power Commission for Developing and Installing a Regulatory Information System (No. RED-76-59). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ademiluyi, C.A., 2010. Felony disenfranchisement and how it contributes to the Black electorate (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B., 2016. Bouchard Is Out, but Her Concussion Suit From the 2015 Open Goes On. New York Times B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Baker, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Baker, 2015; Grünwald and Singer, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grünwald and Singer, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Ogle et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Economic Theory
AbbreviationJ. Econ. Theory
ISSN (print)0022-0531
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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