How to format your references using the Vision citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vision. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Strasser, B.J. Who cares about the double helix? Nature 2003, 422, 803–804.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Purves, D.; Pacala, S. Predictive models of forest dynamics. Science 2008, 320, 1452–1453.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Chen, S.-K.; Badea, T.C.; Hattar, S. Photoentrainment and pupillary light reflex are mediated by distinct populations of ipRGCs. Nature 2011, 476, 92–95.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Negrete, O.A.; Levroney, E.L.; Aguilar, H.C.; Bertolotti-Ciarlet, A.; Nazarian, R.; Tajyar, S.; Lee, B. EphrinB2 is the entry receptor for Nipah virus, an emergent deadly paramyxovirus. Nature 2005, 436, 401–405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Geman, H. Agricultural Finance; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2015; ISBN 9781118827352.
An edited book
1.
Large-Scale Conservation in the Common Interest; Clark, S.G., Hohl, A.M., Picard, C.H., Thomas, E., Eds.; Springer Series on Environmental Management; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319074184.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lee, T.-K.; Bieler, T.R.; Kim, C.-U.; Ma, H. Thermal Cycling Performance. In Fundamentals of Lead-Free Solder Interconnect Technology: From Microstructures to Reliability; Bieler, T.R., Kim, C.-U., Ma, H., Eds.; Springer US: Boston, MA, 2015; pp. 113–168 ISBN 9781461492658.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vision.

Blog post
1.
Hale, T. Greek Artists May Have Helped Create China’s Terracotta Army Available online: https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/greek-artists-may-have-helped-create-chinas-terracotta-army/ (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office Procurement Equipment for St. Louis Postal Data Center; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1974;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Gittens, B.E. Perceptions of the applicability of transformational leadership behavior to the leader role of academic department chairs: A study of selected universities in Virginia. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Saslow, L. Route 110 Plan Worries Some Merchants. New York Times 2006, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVision
AbbreviationVision (Basel)
ISSN (online)2411-5150
Scope

Other styles