How to format your references using the Leukemia Research Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leukemia Research Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Fujishima, Comment on “efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2” (I), Science. 301 (2003) 1673; discussion 1673.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.M. Loh, B. Lim, Stem cells: Equilibrium established, Nature. 521 (2015) 299–300.
A journal article with 3 authors
J.V. Barth, G. Costantini, K. Kern, Engineering atomic and molecular nanostructures at surfaces, Nature. 437 (2005) 671–679.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C. Zhang, B.R. Griffith, Q. Fu, C. Albermann, X. Fu, I.-K. Lee, L. Li, J.S. Thorson, Exploiting the reversibility of natural product glycosyltransferase-catalyzed reactions, Science. 313 (2006) 1291–1294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D.R. Schwarz, Reading the European Novel to 1900, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
R. Mahrwald, ed., Enantioselective Organocatalyzed Reactions I: Enantioselective Oxidation, Reduction, Functionalization and Desymmetrization, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
M. Shreve, S. Fefilatyev, N. Bonilla, G. Hernandez, D. Goldgof, S. Sarkar, View-Invariant Method for Calculating 2D Optical Strain, in: X. Jiang, O.R.P. Bellon, D. Goldgof, T. Oishi (Eds.), Advances in Depth Image Analysis and Applications: International Workshop, WDIA 2012, Tsukuba, Japan, November 11, 2012, Revised Selected and Invited Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 42–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leukemia Research Reports.

Blog post
B. Taub, Mutilated Child Skeletons Hint At Human Sacrifice In Pre-Columbian Peru, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Aviation Security: TSA Has Made Progress but Faces Challenges in Meeting the Statutory Mandate for Screening Air Cargo on Passenger Aircraft, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2010.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
D.-M.C. Wu, Function and regulation of Drosophila myc during wing growth, Doctoral dissertation, Columbia University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M.M. Grynbaum, S. Ember, C. Savage, Trump’s Urging That Comey Jail Reporters Is Denounced as an ‘Act of Intimidation,’ New York Times. (2017) A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLeukemia Research Reports
AbbreviationLeuk. Res. Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-0489

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