How to format your references using the Leukemia Research Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leukemia Research Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
R. Van Noorden, Production: Beyond sticky tape, Nature. 483 (2012) S32-3.
A journal article with 2 authors
B.S. Kamber, J.D. Kramers, Geochemistry: how well can Pb isotopes date core formation?, Nature. 444 (2006) E1-2; discussion E2-3.
A journal article with 3 authors
B.D. Hoffman, C. Grashoff, M.A. Schwartz, Dynamic molecular processes mediate cellular mechanotransduction, Nature. 475 (2011) 316–323.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T. Fukushima, A. Kosaka, Y. Ishimura, T. Yamamoto, T. Takigawa, N. Ishii, T. Aida, Molecular ordering of organic molten salts triggered by single-walled carbon nanotubes, Science. 300 (2003) 2072–2074.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Y. Rémond, S. Ahzi, M. Baniassadi, H. Garmestani, Applied RVE Reconstruction and Homogenization of Heterogeneous Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
S. Ylirisku, Designing with video: Focusing the user-centred design process, Springer, London, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Iwai, Linear Polyubiquitination: A Crucial Regulator of NF-κB Activation, in: K. Nakao, N. Minato, S. Uemoto (Eds.), Innovative Medicine: Basic Research and Development, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2015: pp. 51–59.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leukemia Research Reports.

Blog post
E. Andrew, How To Stop Your Phone From Being Hacked, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, NASA Human Space Exploration: Opportunity Nears to Reassess Launch Vehicle and Ground Systems Cost and Schedule, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K. Ghale, Modeling the Traffic Impacts During Evacuation of a Suburban University Campus: A Case Study, Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
K. Crow, Abingdon Square Park: Small Site, Never-Ending Debate, New York Times. (2002) 148.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLeukemia Research Reports
AbbreviationLeuk. Res. Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-0489

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