How to format your references using the Leukemia Research Reports citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Leukemia Research Reports. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
M. Reichstein, Journal club. A biogeochemist looks at where all the emitted carbon dioxide is going, Nature. 464 (2010) 145.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.I.S. Grewal, S.C.R. Elgin, Transcription and RNA interference in the formation of heterochromatin, Nature. 447 (2007) 399–406.
A journal article with 3 authors
X. Pan, F. Liu, M. Zhang, Comment on “Productivity is a poor predictor of plant species richness,” Science. 335 (2012) 1441; author reply 1441.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Yasue, S.N. Mitsui, T. Watanabe, T. Sakuma, S. Oyadomari, T. Yamamoto, S. Noji, T. Mito, E. Tanaka, Highly efficient targeted mutagenesis in one-cell mouse embryos mediated by the TALEN and CRISPR/Cas systems, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5705.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
T.F. Tadros, Colloids in Paints, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2010.
An edited book
K. Ikeda, Bifurcation Theory for Hexagonal Agglomeration in Economic Geography, Springer Japan, Tokyo, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
V. Balaji, M.B. Bhatia, R. Kumar, L.K. Neelam, S. Panja, T.V. Prabhakar, R. Samaddar, B. Soogareddy, A.G. Sylvester, V. Yadav, Agrotags – A Tagging Scheme for Agricultural Digital Objects, in: S. Sánchez-Alonso, I.N. Athanasiadis (Eds.), Metadata and Semantic Research: 4th International Conference, MTSR 2010, Alcalá de Henares, Spain, October 20-22, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 36–45.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Leukemia Research Reports.

Blog post
R. Andrews, The United Arab Emirates Want To Build An Artificial Mountain, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Pipeline Safety: Preliminary Information on the Office of Pipeline Safety’s Enforcement Activities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2004.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
M.R. Teater, Reentry and reintegration: A grant proposal for formerly incarcerated women, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.B. Stewart, A Trip Minus A Smartphone (It Can Work), New York Times. (2017) B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleLeukemia Research Reports
AbbreviationLeuk. Res. Rep.
ISSN (print)2213-0489

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