How to format your references using the Virus Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Virus Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sukhdev, P., 2009. Costing the earth. Nature 462, 277.
A journal article with 2 authors
Apesteguía, S., Novas, F.E., 2003. Large Cretaceous sphenodontian from Patagonia provides insight into lepidosaur evolution in Gondwana. Nature 425, 609–612.
A journal article with 3 authors
Aravin, A.A., Hannon, G.J., Brennecke, J., 2007. The Piwi-piRNA pathway provides an adaptive defense in the transposon arms race. Science 318, 761–764.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cui, Y., Yang, Y., Ni, Z., Dong, Y., Cai, G., Foncelle, A., Ma, S., Sang, K., Tang, S., Li, Y., Shen, Y., Berry, H., Wu, S., Hu, H., 2018. Astroglial Kir4.1 in the lateral habenula drives neuronal bursts in depression. Nature 554, 323–327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valizadeh, P., 2016. Field Effect Transistors, A Comprehensive Overview. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Freund, Y., Györfi, L., Turán, G., Zeugmann, T. (Eds.), 2008. Algorithmic Learning Theory: 19th International Conference, ALT 2008, Budapest, Hungary, October 13-16, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
R.b., H., 2008. Comets, Carbonaceous Meteorites, and the Origin of the Biosphere, in: Dobretsov, N., Kolchanov, N., Rozanov, A., Zavarzin, G. (Eds.), Biosphere Origin and Evolution. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 55–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Virus Research.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2015. THC In Marijuana Delays Organ Transplant Rejection In Mice [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/thc-marijuana-may-delay-organ-transplant-rejection/ (accessed 10.30.18).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2003. University Research: Most Federal Agencies Need to Better Protect against Financial Conflicts of Interest (No. GAO-04-31). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Oppenheim, J.N., 2017. Examination of Oncology Summer Camp Attendance, Psychosocial Adjustment, and Perceived Social Support Among Pediatric Cancer Patients and Siblings (Doctoral dissertation). Pepperdine University, Malibu, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M.J.O., 2015. A Paris Changed by Turmoil, a Century Ago. New York Times C30.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sukhdev, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Apesteguía and Novas, 2003; Sukhdev, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Apesteguía and Novas, 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Cui et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleVirus Research
AbbreviationVirus Res.
ISSN (print)0168-1702
ScopeCancer Research
Virology
Infectious Diseases

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