How to format your references using the Vietnam Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vietnam Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuhrer, M.S.: Physics. Critical mass in graphene. Science. 340, 1413–1414 (2013)
A journal article with 2 authors
Artis, D., Spits, H.: The biology of innate lymphoid cells. Nature. 517, 293–301 (2015)
A journal article with 3 authors
Majumdar, S., Singh, A., Rio, D.C.: The human THAP9 gene encodes an active P-element DNA transposase. Science. 339, 446–448 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jonietz, F., Mühlbauer, S., Pfleiderer, C., Neubauer, A., Münzer, W., Bauer, A., Adams, T., Georgii, R., Böni, P., Duine, R.A., Everschor, K., Garst, M., Rosch, A.: Spin transfer torques in MnSi at ultralow current densities. Science. 330, 1648–1651 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cooney, K.A., Chappell, J.R., Callan, R.J., Connally, B.A.: Veterinary Euthanasia Techniques. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., West Sussex, UK (2012)
An edited book
Dashefsky, A., Sheskin, I. eds: American Jewish Year Book 2013: The Annual Record of the North American Jewish Communities. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)
A chapter in an edited book
Santana, N., de Almeida, J., Mengod, G., Artigas, F.: Localization of 5-HT receptors in the mammalian cortex. In: Monti, J.M., Pandi-Perumal, S.R., Jacobs, B.L., and Nutt, D.J. (eds.) Serotonin and Sleep: Molecular, Functional and Clinical Aspects. pp. 135–153. Birkhäuser, Basel (2008)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vietnam Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Hale, T.: People Are Freaking Out Over This Dead “Mermaid” On A UK Beach,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Achieving Greater Economies in Data Processing in Federal Government. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1981)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, S.: A study of childhood eating habits in the United States and their association with race and gender, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bittman, M.: Feast in a Day, (2012)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVietnam Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationVietnam J. Math.
ISSN (print)2305-221X
ISSN (online)2305-2228
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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