How to format your references using the Vietnam Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vietnam Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Flannery, T.: Geology. North American devastation or global cataclysm? Science. 294, 1668–1669 (2001)
A journal article with 2 authors
Phillips, P., Balatsky, A.V.: Physics. Cracking the supersolid. Science. 316, 1435–1436 (2007)
A journal article with 3 authors
Ekström, G., Nettles, M., Abers, G.A.: Glacial earthquakes. Science. 302, 622–624 (2003)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Jo, H.-H., Saramäki, J., Dunbar, R.I.M., Kaski, K.: Spatial patterns of close relationships across the lifespan. Sci. Rep. 4, 6988 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Afoakwa, E.O.: Chocolate Science and Technology. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2016)
An edited book
Oerke, E.-C., Gerhards, R., Menz, G., Sikora, R.A. eds: Precision Crop Protection - the Challenge and Use of Heterogeneity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Ho, T.B., Kawasaki, S., Granat, J.: Knowledge Acquisition by Machine Learning and Data Mining. In: Wierzbicki, A.P. and Nakamori, Y. (eds.) Creative Environments: Issues of Creativity Support for the Knowledge Civilization Age. pp. 69–91. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vietnam Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Toxin From World’s Most Venomous Spider Could Treat Impotence,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Assessing the Federal Program for Strengthening Developing Institutions of Higher Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1975)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Adams, A.A.: A study of the attitudes and opinions of southwest Missouri educators regarding the value and outcome of the performance based teacher evaluation process, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVietnam Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationVietnam J. Math.
ISSN (print)2305-221X
ISSN (online)2305-2228
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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