How to format your references using the Vietnam Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vietnam Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Yang, H.: China must continue the momentum of green law. Nature. 509, 535 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Williams, B.G., Dye, C.: Antiretroviral drugs for tuberculosis control in the era of HIV/AIDS. Science. 301, 1535–1537 (2003)
A journal article with 3 authors
Kumar, P., Narayan, R., Johnson, J.L.: Properties of gamma-ray burst progenitor stars. Science. 321, 376–379 (2008)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Emerson, J., Weinstein, Y.S., Saraceno, M., Lloyd, S., Cory, D.G.: Pseudo-random unitary operators for quantum information processing. Science. 302, 2098–2100 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kitai, A.: Principles of Solar Cells, LEDs and Diodes: The role of the PN junction. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2011)
An edited book
Deshpande, S. ed: Philosophy in Colonial India. Springer India, New Delhi (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Friedman, H.: Using Aikido and Transpersonal Psychology Concepts as Tools for Reconciling Conflict. In: Wagner, W. (ed.) AiKiDô: The Trinity of Conflict Transformation. pp. 115–135. Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden, Wiesbaden (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vietnam Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Fang, J.: Plant Disguises Seeds As Dung To Trick Beetles Into Dispersing Them


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Post-9/11 GI Bill: Additional Actions Needed to Help Reduce Overpayments and Increase Collections. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2015)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Addington, L.M.: Students’ Preferences for Information Sources during the Undergraduate College Search Process: The Influence of Technology, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse, L.: Justices Hear Arguments On Late-Term Abortion, (2006)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVietnam Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationVietnam J. Math.
ISSN (print)2305-221X
ISSN (online)2305-2228
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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