How to format your references using the Vietnam Journal of Mathematics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vietnam Journal of Mathematics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Collins, J.J.: Journal club. A bioengineer gets schooled by Escherichia coli. Nature. 460, 155 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Patrinos, A., Bamzai, A.: Policy needs robust climate science. Nature. 438, 285 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Sevenster, D., Beckers, T., Kindt, M.: Prediction error governs pharmacologically induced amnesia for learned fear. Science. 339, 830–833 (2013)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rayapureddi, J.P., Kattamuri, C., Steinmetz, B.D., Frankfort, B.J., Ostrin, E.J., Mardon, G., Hegde, R.S.: Eyes absent represents a class of protein tyrosine phosphatases. Nature. 426, 295–298 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham, A.W., Kirkman, N.C., Paul, P.M.: Mobile Radio Network Design in the VHF and UHF Bands. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2006)
An edited book
Costa, P.C.G. da, d’Amato, C., Fanizzi, N., Laskey, K.B., Laskey, K.J., Lukasiewicz, T., Nickles, M., Pool, M. eds: Uncertainty Reasoning for the Semantic Web I: ISWC International Workshops, URSW 2005-2007, Revised Selected and Invited Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2008)
A chapter in an edited book
Christakopoulou, E., Karypis, G.: HOSLIM: Higher-Order Sparse LInear Method for Top-N Recommender Systems. In: Tseng, V.S., Ho, T.B., Zhou, Z.-H., Chen, A.L.P., and Kao, H.-Y. (eds.) Advances in Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining: 18th Pacific-Asia Conference, PAKDD 2014, Tainan, Taiwan, May 13-16, 2014. Proceedings, Part II. pp. 38–49. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vietnam Journal of Mathematics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Why Men Are Not Biologically Useless After All …


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: National Airspace System: Incomplete Transition Back to National Maintenance and Certification Standards in the Federal Aviation Administration’s Alaskan Region. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Humphreys, B.P.: The Role of Developmental Screening Practices in Early Diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Analysis of All-Payer Claims Data in New Hampshire, (2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K.: World Briefing | Asia: Putin Indicates Kurile Deal Is Not Likely Soon, (2004)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVietnam Journal of Mathematics
AbbreviationVietnam J. Math.
ISSN (print)2305-221X
ISSN (online)2305-2228
ScopeGeneral Mathematics

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