How to format your references using the Journal of Evolution and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolution and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Winchester S. China: The man who unveiled China. Nature. 2008 Jul 24;454(7203):409–411. PubMed PMID: 18650901.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pulendran B, Artis D. New paradigms in type 2 immunity. Science. 2012 Jul 27;337(6093):431–435. PubMed PMID: 22837519.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zikherman J, Parameswaran R, Weiss A. Endogenous antigen tunes the responsiveness of naive B cells but not T cells. Nature. 2012 Sep 6;489(7414):160–164. PubMed PMID: 22902503.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tumino A, Spitaleri C, La Cognata M, Cherubini S, Guardo GL, Gulino M, Hayakawa S, Indelicato I, Lamia L, Petrascu H, Pizzone RG, Puglia SMR, Rapisarda GG, Romano S, Sergi ML, Spartá R, Trache L. An increase in the 12C + 12C fusion rate from resonances at astrophysical energies. Nature. 2018 May;557(7707):687–690. PubMed PMID: 29795352.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sab K, Lebée A. Homogenization of Heterogeneous Thin and Thick Plates, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2015 Oct 30.
An edited book
James DA. Sensors and Wearable Technologies in Sport: Technologies, Trends and Approaches for Implementation, Springer, Singapore, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Maes J, Tarnai C, Schuster J. About Is and Ought in Research on Belief in a Just World: The Janus-Faced Just-World Motivation, in: E. Kals, J. Maes (Eds.), Justice and Conflicts: Theoretical and Empirical Contributions, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 93–106.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolution and Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Watch the First Flight of NASA’s Flying Saucer, IFLScience. 2014 Jun 3. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: Surveys of Consumers and of State Utility Commissions about Wireless Phone Service (GAO-10-35SP, November 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-10-34, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009 Nov 10.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Araki PR. Golden Years Home Residential Care Facility for the Elderly, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman, New York Times. 2017 Aug 4 MM22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolution and Health
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Health
ISSN (online)2334-3591

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