How to format your references using the Journal of Evolution and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolution and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jarrold MF. The smallest fullerene. Nature. 2000 Sep 7;407(6800):26–27. PubMed PMID: 10993055.
A journal article with 2 authors
Belenky P, Collins JJ. Microbiology. Antioxidant strategies to tolerate antibiotics. Science. 2011 Nov 18;334(6058):915–916. PubMed PMID: 22096180.
A journal article with 3 authors
Koskinen MT, Haugen TO, Primmer CR. Contemporary fisherian life-history evolution in small salmonid populations. Nature. 2002 Oct 24;419(6909):826–830. PubMed PMID: 12397355.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Tabuchi K, Blundell J, Etherton MR, Hammer RE, Liu X, Powell CM, Südhof TC. A neuroligin-3 mutation implicated in autism increases inhibitory synaptic transmission in mice. Science. 2007 Oct 5;318(5847):71–76. PubMed PMID: 17823315.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Girmscheid G. Bauprozesse und Bauverfahren des Tunnelbaus, Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany, 2013 Apr 23.
An edited book
Merrick K. Motivated Reinforcement Learning: Curious Characters for Multiuser Games, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Lei D, Chao L, Feng K. New Observation on Camellia, in: B. Preneel, S. Tavares (Eds.), Selected Areas in Cryptography: 12th International Workshop, SAC 2005, Kingston, ON, Canada, August 11-12, 2005, Revised Selected Papers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006: pp. 51–64.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolution and Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Amoeba Eats Cells Alive, Spits out Corpses, IFLScience. 2014 Apr 10. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Teacher Preparation: Multiple Federal Education Offices Support Teacher Preparation for Instructing Students with Disabilities and English Language Learners, but Systematic Departmentwide Coordination Could Enhance This Assistance, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2009 Jul 20.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rollo E. Effect of the Stoplight Diet and mode of intervention on triglyceride production in a veteran population, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Powell M. An Athlete of His Time, Painted as a Top Villain, New York Times. 2017 Aug 8 B8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolution and Health
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Health
ISSN (online)2334-3591

Other styles