How to format your references using the Journal of Evolution and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolution and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Levin BR. Microbiology. Noninherited resistance to antibiotics. Science. 2004 Sep 10;305(5690):1578–1579. PubMed PMID: 15361616.
A journal article with 2 authors
Call J, Carpenter M. Behavior. Monkeys like mimics. Science. 2009 Aug 14;325(5942):824–825. PubMed PMID: 19679802.
A journal article with 3 authors
De Moraes CM, Mescher MC, Tumlinson JH. Caterpillar-induced nocturnal plant volatiles repel conspecific females. Nature. 2001 Mar 29;410(6828):577–580. PubMed PMID: 11279494.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yi H, Kim Y, Kim J, Jung H, Rim YA, Jung SM, Park S-H, Ju JH. A new strategy to deliver synthetic protein drugs: self-reproducible biologics using minicircles. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 5;4:5961. PubMed PMID: 25091294.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ward S. TraderMind, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014 Nov 3.
An edited book
Wanninger A, ed. Evolutionary Developmental Biology of Invertebrates 2: Lophotrochozoa (Spiralia), 1st ed. 2015, Springer, Vienna, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Yang Y, Ding X, Deng RH, Bao F. An Efficient PIR Construction Using Trusted Hardware, in: T.-C. Wu, C.-L. Lei, V. Rijmen, D.-T. Lee (Eds.), Information Security: 11th International Conference, ISC 2008, Taipei, Taiwan, September 15-18, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 64–79.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolution and Health.

Blog post
Andrew D. The Unbelievable Life Of The Forgotten Genius Who Turned Americans’ Space Dreams Into Reality, IFLScience. 2016 Aug 24. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Overpayment of Title I Funds at the Richmond City Public School System During FY 1978, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1979 Feb 5.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill - Carter CN. Effects of teacher mentoring on teacher retention, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg I by B. Life on Tour With a Little One in Tow, New York Times. 2016 Sep 7 B10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolution and Health
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Health
ISSN (online)2334-3591

Other styles