How to format your references using the Journal of Evolution and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolution and Health (Jevohealth). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Davis ME. Materials science. Distinguishing the (almost) indistinguishable. Science. 2003 Apr 18;300(5618):438–439. PubMed PMID: 12702861.
A journal article with 2 authors
Helffrich G, Kaneshima S. Seismological constraints on core composition from Fe-O-S liquid immiscibility. Science. 2004 Dec 24;306(5705):2239–2242. PubMed PMID: 15618514.
A journal article with 3 authors
Barnes WL, Dereux A, Ebbesen TW. Surface plasmon subwavelength optics. Nature. 2003 Aug 14;424(6950):824–830. PubMed PMID: 12917696.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Chugunov AO, Volynsky PE, Krylov NA, Boldyrev IA, Efremov RG. Liquid but durable: molecular dynamics simulations explain the unique properties of archaeal-like membranes. Sci Rep. 2014 Dec 12;4:7462. PubMed PMID: 25501042.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bouvier J-M, Campanella OH. Extrusion Processing Technology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014 May 23.
An edited book
Santiago-Fandiño V, Kontar YA, Kaneda Y, eds. Post-Tsunami Hazard: Reconstruction and Restoration, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Nähler HT, Gronauer B. Using Enhanced Nested Function Models for Strategic Product Development, in: L. Chechurin (Ed.), Research and Practice on the Theory of Inventive Problem Solving (TRIZ): Linking Creativity, Engineering and Innovation, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016: pp. 55–75.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolution and Health.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. These Two Planets Should Be Identical But They’re Not, IFLScience. 2017 Jun 6. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Reform: Agencies Need to Increase Their Use of Incremental Development Practices, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2016 Aug 16.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Latronica AN. The effect of emotion regulation on stress and the role of executive function, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Feeney K. Food That Recalls a Childhood, New York Times. 2008 Jan 20 NJ12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolution and Health
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Health
ISSN (online)2334-3591

Other styles