How to format your references using the Journal of Evolution and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolution and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Maunz P. Quantum physics: gentle measurement. Nature. 2011 Jul 13;475(7355):180–181. PubMed PMID: 21753845.
A journal article with 2 authors
Coulson T, Clegg S. Population biology: fur seals signal their own decline. Nature. 2014 Jul 24;511(7510):414–415. PubMed PMID: 25056058.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang Y, Kirmizialtin S, Sanchez IC. Dynamic void distribution in myoglobin and five mutants. Sci Rep. 2014 Feb 6;4:4011. PubMed PMID: 24500195.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Boekema EJ, Hifney A, Yakushevska AE, Piotrowski M, Keegstra W, Berry S, Michel KP, Pistorius EK, Kruip J. A giant chlorophyll-protein complex induced by iron deficiency in cyanobacteria. Nature. 2001 Aug 16;412(6848):745–748. PubMed PMID: 11507644.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Knight HJ. Patent Strategy, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2012 Dec 12.
An edited book
Vardanega T, Wellings A, eds. Reliable Software Technology – Ada-Europe 2005: 10th Ada-Europe International Conference on Reliable Software Technologies, York, UK, June 20-24, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Vasco DW. Trajectory-Based Methods for Modeling and Characterization, in: X. Cai, T.-C.J. Yeh (Eds.), Quantitative Information Fusion for Hydrological Sciences, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 69–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolution and Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. U.S. Halts Research On Viral Super-Strains, Citing Safety Concerns, IFLScience. 2014 Oct 23. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Highway Administration: Parts and Accessories Necessary for Safe Operations, Lighting Devices, Reflectors, and Electrical Equipment, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1999 Apr 12.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Austin CA. Intravenous Exposure of Pregnant Mice to Silver Nanoparticles: Silver Tissue Distribution and Effects in Maternal and Extra-Embryonic Tissues and Embryos, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly R. Castaway, New York Times. 1995 Oct 22 77.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolution and Health
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Health
ISSN (online)2334-3591

Other styles