How to format your references using the Journal of Evolution and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolution and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JS. Chemistry. Driving the formation of molecular knots. Science. 2012 Nov 9;338(6108):752–753. PubMed PMID: 23139321.
A journal article with 2 authors
Padilla A, Gibson I. Science moves to centre stage. Nature. 2000 Jan 27;403(6768):357–359. PubMed PMID: 10667767.
A journal article with 3 authors
Noskov SY, Bernèche S, Roux B. Control of ion selectivity in potassium channels by electrostatic and dynamic properties of carbonyl ligands. Nature. 2004 Oct 14;431(7010):830–834. PubMed PMID: 15483608.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Honda K, Ohba Y, Yanai H, Negishi H, Mizutani T, Takaoka A, Taya C, Taniguchi T. Spatiotemporal regulation of MyD88-IRF-7 signalling for robust type-I interferon induction. Nature. 2005 Apr 21;434(7036):1035–1040. PubMed PMID: 15815647.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jayaweera SK. Signal Processing for Cognitive Radios, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2014 Oct 17.
An edited book
Chatterjee A, Yarlagadda S, Chakrabarti BK, eds. Econophysics of Wealth Distributions: Econophys-Kolkata I, Springer, Milano, 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
Wagner RG. A Classic Paving the Way to Modernity: The Ritual of Zhou in the Chinese Reform Debate Since the Taiping Civil War, in: S.C. Humphreys, R.G. Wagner (Eds.), Modernity’s Classics, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 77–99.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolution and Health.

Blog post
Fang J. Companion Star Hidden for 21 Years in Supernova’s Glow, IFLScience. 2014 Sep 10. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Airline Ticketing: Impact of Changes in the Airline Ticket Distribution Industry, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2003 Jul 31.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Filomena TP. Technology portfolio and capacity expansion under uncertainty, Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wingfield N, Couturier K. Detailing Amazon’s Custom-Clothing Patent, New York Times. 2017 Apr 30 B4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolution and Health
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Health
ISSN (online)2334-3591

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