How to format your references using the Journal of Evolution and Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Evolution and Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fairley P. Energy storage: Power revolution. Nature. 2015 Oct 29;526(7575):S102-4. PubMed PMID: 26509948.
A journal article with 2 authors
Neels JG, Olefsky JM. Cell signaling. A new way to burn fat. Science. 2006 Jun 23;312(5781):1756–1758. PubMed PMID: 16794069.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rowe C, Harris JM, Roberts SC. Sporting contests: seeing red? Putting sportswear in context. Nature. 2005 Oct 27;437(7063):E10; discussion E10-1. PubMed PMID: 16251904.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huppert SS, Le A, Schroeter EH, Mumm JS, Saxena MT, Milner LA, Kopan R. Embryonic lethality in mice homozygous for a processing-deficient allele of Notch1. Nature. 2000 Jun 22;405(6789):966–970. PubMed PMID: 10879540.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fjeld RA, Eisenberg NA, Compton KL. Quantitative Environmental Risk Analysis for Human Health, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2007 Jan 10.
An edited book
Balandin S, Moltchanov D, Koucheryavy Y, eds. Next Generation Teletraffic and Wired/Wireless Advanced Networking: 8th International Conference, NEW2AN and 1st Russian Conference on Smart Spaces, ruSMART 2008 St. Petersburg, Russia, September 3-5, 2008. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
Almejalli K, Dahal K, Hossain MA. Real Time Identification of Road Traffic Control Measures, in: A. Fink, F. Rothlauf (Eds.), Advances in Computational Intelligence in Transport, Logistics, and Supply Chain Management, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2008: pp. 63–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Evolution and Health.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Echoless Light Observed For The First Time, IFLScience. 2015 Oct 14. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Space Station: NASA’s Search for Design, Cost, and Schedule Stability Continues, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1991 Mar 1.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Janice J. Preschoolers’ Prosocial Responding to Social Others’ Distress, Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Free Rein for Immigration Agents, New York Times. 2017 Feb 16 A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Evolution and Health
AbbreviationJ. Evol. Health
ISSN (online)2334-3591

Other styles