How to format your references using the Chemosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Patten, Lord Europe Pays the Price for Spending Less. Nature 2006, 441, 691–693.
A journal article with 2 authors
Swinbanks, D.; Cyranoski, D. Taiwan Backs Experience in Quest for Biotech Success. Nature 2000, 407, 417–426.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schätz, T.; Schramm, U.; Habs, D. Crystalline Ion Beams. Nature 2001, 412, 717–720.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Nielsen, S.B.; Thomsen, E.; Hansen, D.L.; Clausen, O.R. Plate-Wide Stress Relaxation Explains European Palaeocene Basin Inversions. Nature 2005, 435, 195–198.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alrifai, T. Islamic Finance and the New Financial System; John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd: Singapore, 2015; ISBN 9781118990643.
An edited book
Witelski, T. Methods of Mathematical Modelling: Continuous Systems and Differential Equations; Bowen, M., Ed.; Springer Undergraduate Mathematics Series; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319230412.
A chapter in an edited book
Hashemi, S.H.; Domairry, D. Applied Problems in Dynamical Systems. In Dynamics and Vibrations: Progress in Nonlinear Analysis; Ganji, D.D., Ed.; Solid Mechanics and Its Applications; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp. 249–338 ISBN 9789400767744.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemosensors.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Bizarre Snubfin Dolphin Spotted Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Need for a National Weather Modification Reseach Program; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1974;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schroder, G.L. A Quantitative Study of Critical Thinking Skills in Bachelors of Science Nursing Program Students. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K. Cafe Borgia, Like Its Beat Heyday And Lucrezia Herself, Is History. New York Times 2001, 145.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemosensors
AbbreviationChemosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9040

Other styles