How to format your references using the Chemosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilczek, F. Particle physics: A weighty mass difference. Nature 2015, 520, 303–304.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lefkowitz, R.J.; Shenoy, S.K. Transduction of receptor signals by beta-arrestins. Science 2005, 308, 512–517.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meissner, M.; Schlüter, D.; Soldati, D. Role of Toxoplasma gondii myosin A in powering parasite gliding and host cell invasion. Science 2002, 298, 837–840.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Han, Y.L.; Hu, J.; Genin, G.M.; Lu, T.J.; Xu, F. BioPen: direct writing of functional materials at the point of care. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4872.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pevsner, J. Bioinformatics and Functional Genomics; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2005; ISBN 9780471459163.
An edited book
Local Treatment of Inflammatory Joint Diseases: Benefits and Risks; Kampen, W.U., Fischer, M., Eds.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; ISBN 9783319169484.
A chapter in an edited book
Baba, S.; Ma, Q. Analyzing Relationships of Listed Companies with Stock Prices and News Articles. In Database and Expert Systems Applications: 27th International Conference, DEXA 2016, Porto, Portugal, September 5-8, 2016, Proceedings, Part II; Hartmann, S., Ma, H., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 27–34 ISBN 9783319444055.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemosensors.

Blog post
Hale, T. Watch How This Year’s Early Spring Swept Through The US Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Research: NASA Should Better Inform Researchers about How to Appeal Dissemination Decisions; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2009;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher, M.D. The impact adult supervision, role models, and civic engagement has on the health status of adolescents. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
David Goodman, J.; Baker, A.L. 2 Communities Unite in Grief for an ‘Unassuming Hero.’ New York Times 2015, A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemosensors
AbbreviationChemosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9040

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