How to format your references using the Chemosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Carroll, S.B. Chance and necessity: the evolution of morphological complexity and diversity. Nature 2001, 409, 1102–1109.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, C.C.; Arkin, A.P. Cell biology. The case for RNA. Science 2010, 330, 1185–1186.
A journal article with 3 authors
Colombo, M.G.; Franzoni, C.; Rossi-Lamastra, C. ENTREPRENEURSHIP. Cash from the crowd. Science 2015, 348, 1201–1202.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kepecs, A.; Uchida, N.; Zariwala, H.A.; Mainen, Z.F. Neural correlates, computation and behavioural impact of decision confidence. Nature 2008, 455, 227–231.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feldmann, D. Social Movements For Good; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2015; ISBN 9781119176671.
An edited book
Algorithms and Computation: 17th International Symposium, ISAAC 2006, Kolkata, India, December 18-20, 2006. Proceedings; Asano, T., Ed.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2006; Vol. 4288; ISBN 9783540496946.
A chapter in an edited book
Tambouret, R.H.; Wilbur, D.C. Cytologic Mimics of Endocervical Glandular Neoplasia. In Glandular Lesions of the Uterine Cervix: Cytopathology with Histologic Correlates; Wilbur, D.C., Ed.; Essentials in Cytopathology; Springer: New York, NY, 2015; pp. 69–93 ISBN 9781493919888.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemosensors.

Blog post
Fang, J. Giant Groundhog-Like Mammal Lived Among Dinosaurs Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Earth Observing System: Concerns Over NASA’s Basic Research Funding Strategy; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Norris, E.L. A depth psychological view of the Christian myth: C. G. Jung, Elizabeth Boyden Howes, and the Guild for Psychological Studies. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute: Carpinteria, CA, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. Banks Scores Six Goals As Syracuse Wins Title. New York Times 2000, D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemosensors
AbbreviationChemosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9040

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