How to format your references using the Chemosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Chaudhury, A. Plant genetics: hothead healer and extragenomic information. Nature 2005, 437, E1; discussion E2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raiborg, C.; Stenmark, H. Cell biology. A helix for the final cut. Science 2011, 331, 1533–1534.
A journal article with 3 authors
Schröder, G.F.; Levitt, M.; Brunger, A.T. Super-resolution biomolecular crystallography with low-resolution data. Nature 2010, 464, 1218–1222.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qin, S.; Kim, J.; Niu, Q.; Shih, C.-K. Superconductivity at the two-dimensional limit. Science 2009, 324, 1314–1317.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Beagle, J.R. Surgical Essentials of Immediate Implant Dentistry; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: West Sussex, UK, 2013; ISBN 9781118783412.
An edited book
Differential Equations and Numerical Analysis: Tiruchirappalli, India, January 2015; Sigamani, V., Miller, J.J.H., Narasimhan, R., Mathiazhagan, P., Victor, F., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; Springer India: New Delhi, 2016; Vol. 172; ISBN 9788132235965.
A chapter in an edited book
Dąbrowski, K. Simulations of Accelerations and Velocities of the Robot’s Arm. In Mechatronics: Ideas, Challenges, Solutions and Applications; Awrejcewicz, J., Kaliński, K.J., Szewczyk, R., Kaliczyńska, M., Eds.; Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 53–64 ISBN 9783319268859.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemosensors.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Now For Some Good News: Regular Sex Benefits Your Mental Health, Too Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Balancing Flexibility and Accountability: Grant Program Design in Education and Other Areas; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kong, W. The Role of MicroRNA-155 in Human Breast Cancer. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida: Tampa, FL, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lipton, E.; Protess, B.; Lehren, A.W. Raft of Potential Conflicts In President’s Appointees. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemosensors
AbbreviationChemosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9040

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