How to format your references using the Chemosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nowlan, W. Human Genetics. A Rational View of Insurance and Genetic Discrimination. Science 2002, 297, 195–196.
A journal article with 2 authors
de Winter, W.; Oxnard, C.E. Evolutionary Radiations and Convergences in the Structural Organization of Mammalian Brains. Nature 2001, 409, 710–714.
A journal article with 3 authors
Medzhitov, R.; Schneider, D.S.; Soares, M.P. Disease Tolerance as a Defense Strategy. Science 2012, 335, 936–941.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Rose, R.; Weyand, M.; Lammers, M.; Ishizaki, T.; Ahmadian, M.R.; Wittinghofer, A. Structural and Mechanistic Insights into the Interaction between Rho and Mammalian Dia. Nature 2005, 435, 513–518.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lieberman, N.P. Troubleshooting Vacuum Systems; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2012; ISBN 9781118570968.
An edited book
Advances in Services Computing: 9th Asia-Pacific Services Computing Conference, APSCC 2015, Bangkok, Thailand, December 7-9, 2015, Proceedings; Yao, L., Xie, X., Zhang, Q., Yang, L.T., Zomaya, A.Y., Jin, H., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Computer Science; 1st ed. 2015.; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 9464; ISBN 9783319269788.
A chapter in an edited book
Bain, A.; Crisan, D. The Robust Representation Formula. In Fundamentals of Stochastic Filtering; Crisan, D., Ed.; Stochastic Modelling and Applied Probability; Springer: New York, NY, 2009; pp. 127–139 ISBN 9780387768953.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemosensors.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. Cause Of Carina Nebula’s “Pillars of Destruction” Identified Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Protest Alleging Agency Refused To Consider Bid; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1973;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thigpen, L.C. Building a Concrete Foundation: A Mixed-Method Study of Teaching Styles and the Use of Concrete, Representational, and Abstract Mathematics Instruction. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University: Minneapolis, MN, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Oestreich, J.R. Back After Injuries, a Baritone Is Strong but a Production Less So. New York Times 2016, C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemosensors
AbbreviationChemosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9040

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