How to format your references using the Chemosensors citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemosensors. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gitlin, J.D. Plant Science. Distributing Nutrition. Science 2006, 314, 1252–1253.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kennedy, D.; Norman, C. What Don’t We Know? Science 2005, 309, 75.
A journal article with 3 authors
Polat, E.O.; Balcı, O.; Kocabas, C. Graphene Based Flexible Electrochromic Devices. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6484.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Qingjiang, L.; Khiat, A.; Salaoru, I.; Papavassiliou, C.; Hui, X.; Prodromakis, T. Memory Impedance in TiO2 Based Metal-Insulator-Metal Devices. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4522.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bush, J.; Harris, D.M.; Parker, R.J. Cognitive Self Change; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Chichester, UK, 2016; ISBN 9781119106272.
An edited book
Information Systems and Neuroscience: Gmunden Retreat on NeuroIS 2015; Davis, F.D., Riedl, R., vom Brocke, J., Léger, P.-M., Randolph, A.B., Eds.; Lecture Notes in Information Systems and Organisation; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2015; Vol. 10; ISBN 9783319187013.
A chapter in an edited book
Xiao, C.; Gao, C. Peripheral Cardiopulmonary Bypass Establishment for Robotic Cardiac Surgery. In Robotic Cardiac Surgery; Gao, C., Ed.; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2014; pp. 49–60 ISBN 9789400776593.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemosensors.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Certain Viral DNA Transitions From Solid To Liquid To Expedite Infection Available online: (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Space Station: Cost Control Problems Continue to Worsen; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Skinner, M. Enamel -Dentine Junction Morphology of Extant Hominoid and Fossil Hominin Lower Molars. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University: Washington, DC, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Landler, M.; Alcindor, Y. Condolence Call to Widow Ignites Trump Imbroglio. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemosensors
AbbreviationChemosensors (Basel)
ISSN (online)2227-9040

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