How to format your references using the Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ooi T (2011) Chemistry. Heat and light switch a chiral catalyst and its products. Science 331:1395–1396
A journal article with 2 authors
Hansen JD, Reich J (2015) Democratizing education? Examining access and usage patterns in massive open online courses. Science 350:1245–1248
A journal article with 3 authors
Fleurquin P, Ramasco JJ, Eguiluz VM (2013) Systemic delay propagation in the US airport network. Sci Rep 3:1159
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hallem EA, Nicole Fox A, Zwiebel LJ, Carlson JR (2004) Olfaction: mosquito receptor for human-sweat odorant. Nature 427:212–213

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Teodorescu PP, Kecs WW, Toma A (2013) Distribution Theory. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Grech S, Soldatic K (eds) (2016) Disability in the Global South: The Critical Handbook. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Quintiere JG (2008) Questions on the WTC Investigation. In: Pasman HJ, Kirillov IA (eds) Resilience of Cities to Terrorist and other Threats: Learning from 9/11 and further Research Issues. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 87–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) Can You Solve These 5 Physics Phenomena? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) Second-Year Implementation of the Federal Managers’ Financial Integrity Act in the Department of Education. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lin TS (2014) The invisible “religious” minority: Working with the nonreligious bereaved. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow L (2009) Sorting Out their Goals, and Options. New York Times WE7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ooi 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Ooi 2011; Hansen and Reich 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hansen and Reich 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hallem et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal of Education and Pedagogy
AbbreviationVideo J. Educ. Pedagog.
ISSN (online)2364-4583

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