How to format your references using the Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackinnon R (2004) Structural biology. Voltage sensor meets lipid membrane. Science 306:1304–1305
A journal article with 2 authors
Fields S, Johnston M (2005) Cell biology. Whither model organism research? Science 307:1885–1886
A journal article with 3 authors
Shiu R-F, Chin W-C, Lee C-L (2014) Carbonaceous particles reduce marine microgel formation. Sci Rep 4:5856
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhang Y, Tan Y-W, Stormer HL, Kim P (2005) Experimental observation of the quantum Hall effect and Berry’s phase in graphene. Nature 438:201–204

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chadwick P (2008) Person-Based Cognitive Therapy for Distressing Psychosis. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, West Sussex, England
An edited book
Li Q (ed) (2015) Anisotropic Nanomaterials: Preparation, Properties, and Applications. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Képes K, Breitenbücher U, Gómez Sáez S, et al (2016) Situation-Aware Execution and Dynamic Adaptation of Traditional Workflow Models. In: Aiello M, Johnsen EB, Dustdar S, Georgievski I (eds) Service-Oriented and Cloud Computing: 5th IFIP WG 2.14 European Conference, ESOCC 2016, Vienna, Austria, September 5-7, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 69–83

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J (2016) Saturn’s Moon Dione Might Have An Ocean Under Its Surface. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978) Problems and Outlook of Small Private Liberal Arts Colleges. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Abraham SR (2015) Using Self-Monitoring and Goal Setting to Increase Swimming in Adults. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart JB (2017) Bewitched by the Tesla Story. New York Times B1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackinnon 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Mackinnon 2004; Fields and Johnston 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fields and Johnston 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal of Education and Pedagogy
AbbreviationVideo J. Educ. Pedagog.
ISSN (online)2364-4583

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