How to format your references using the Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rodnina MV (2013) Biochemistry. Translocation in action. Science 340:1534–1535
A journal article with 2 authors
Vijg J, Campisi J (2008) Puzzles, promises and a cure for ageing. Nature 454:1065–1071
A journal article with 3 authors
Ganguly-Fitzgerald I, Donlea J, Shaw PJ (2006) Waking experience affects sleep need in Drosophila. Science 313:1775–1781
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Li H, Haurigot V, Doyon Y, et al (2011) In vivo genome editing restores haemostasis in a mouse model of haemophilia. Nature 475:217–221

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wuestenberg K (2012) Clinical Small Animal Care. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Ames, Iowa, USA
An edited book
Feldman EL (2014) Atlas of Neuromuscular Diseases: A Practical Guideline, 2nd ed. 2014. Springer, Vienna
A chapter in an edited book
Menefee RA, Rinker JM, Shin PH, et al (2012) Model Calibration and Validation for Material Damping Using Finite Element Analyses. In: Allemang R, De Clerck J, Niezrecki C, Blough JR (eds) Topics in Modal Analysis I, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 30th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2012. Springer, New York, NY, pp 33–45

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2016) Nobel Prize-Winning Autophagy Research Laid Groundwork For Potential Parkinson’s Treatment. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2015) DOD Business Systems Modernization: Additional Action Needed to Achieve Intended Outcomes. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kay VL (2009) A single mother and child welfare: A personal narrative. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rodnina 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Vijg and Campisi 2008; Rodnina 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vijg and Campisi 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Li et al. 2011)

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal of Education and Pedagogy
AbbreviationVideo J. Educ. Pedagog.
ISSN (online)2364-4583

Other styles