How to format your references using the Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walldén L (2006) Physics. Beyond the particle in the box. Science 314:769–770
A journal article with 2 authors
Badcock C, Crespi B (2008) Battle of the sexes may set the brain. Nature 454:1054–1055
A journal article with 3 authors
Kulathinal RJ, Bettencourt BR, Hartl DL (2004) Compensated deleterious mutations in insect genomes. Science 306:1553–1554
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hertlein C, Helden L, Gambassi A, et al (2008) Direct measurement of critical Casimir forces. Nature 451:172–175

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minenna M (2016) The Incomplete Currency: The Future of the Euro and Solutions for the Eurozone. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Barbir F, Ulgiati S (eds) (2008) Sustainable Energy Production and Consumption: Benefits, Strategies and Environmental Costing. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Ballejos LC, Montagna JM (2006) Stakeholders Selection for Interorganizational Systems: A Systematic Approach. In: Avison D, Elliot S, Krogstie J, Pries-Heje J (eds) The Past and Future of Information Systems: 1976–2006 and Beyond: IFIP 19th World Computer Congress, TC-8, Information System Stream, August 21–23, 2006, Santiago, Chile. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 39–50

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy.

Blog post
Luntz S (2016) This Is The Most Realistic Reconstruction Of A Dinosaur Ever Made. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Health Information Technology: Efforts Continue but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gowda V (2009) Pollination biology and inter-island geographical variation in the mutualistic Heliconia (Heliconiaceae)-hummingbird (Trochilidae) interaction of the Eastern Caribbean Islands. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walldén 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Walldén 2006; Badcock and Crespi 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Badcock and Crespi 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Hertlein et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal of Education and Pedagogy
AbbreviationVideo J. Educ. Pedagog.
ISSN (online)2364-4583

Other styles