How to format your references using the Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bynum W (2012) Nobel success: What makes a great lab? Nature 490:31–32
A journal article with 2 authors
Ha S-J, Moon JH (2014) In-situ fabrication of macroporous films for dye-sensitised solar cells: formation of the scattering layer and the gelation of electrolytes. Sci Rep 4:5375
A journal article with 3 authors
Matsuo N, Reijmers L, Mayford M (2008) Spine-type-specific recruitment of newly synthesized AMPA receptors with learning. Science 319:1104–1107
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rugar D, Budakian R, Mamin HJ, Chui BW (2004) Single spin detection by magnetic resonance force microscopy. Nature 430:329–332

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chitty J, Raftery A (2013) Essentials of Tortoise Medicine and Surgery. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Oxford
An edited book
Lütjering G (2007) Titanium, 2nd edn. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Dong X, Clark JA, Jacob JL (2008) Threat Modelling in User Performed Authentication. In: Chen L, Ryan MD, Wang G (eds) Information and Communications Security: 10th International Conference, ICICS 2008 Birmingham, UK, October 20 - 22, 2008 Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 49–64

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy.

Blog post
Davis J (2017) Bees With Mad Ball Skills Taught To Score “Goals.” In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1991) Chemical and Biological Warfare: Use of Collective Protection on Vehicles, Aircraft, and Ships. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Rodriguez F (2009) A historical analysis of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide in the United States. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lee L (2014) Loving Trees, Even the Messy Ones. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bynum 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Bynum 2012; Ha and Moon 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ha and Moon 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Rugar et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal of Education and Pedagogy
AbbreviationVideo J. Educ. Pedagog.
ISSN (online)2364-4583

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