How to format your references using the Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ito G (2001) Reykjanes “V”-shaped ridges originating from a pulsing and dehydrating mantle plume. Nature 411:681–684
A journal article with 2 authors
Chhowalla M, Amaratunga GA (2000) Thin films of fullerene-like MoS2 nanoparticles with ultra-low friction and wear. Nature 407:164–167
A journal article with 3 authors
Freitag J, Ast J, Bölker M (2012) Cryptic peroxisomal targeting via alternative splicing and stop codon read-through in fungi. Nature 485:522–525
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Thibault-Starzyk F, Seguin E, Thomas S, et al (2009) Real-time infrared detection of cyanide flip on silver-alumina NOx removal catalyst. Science 324:1048–1051

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Center for Chemical Process Safety (2008) Inherently Safer Chemical Processes. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
McGrady A (2013) Pathways to Illness, Pathways to Health. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Lyyra AK, Koskinen KM (2016) The Ambivalent Characteristics of Connected, Digitised Products: Case Tesla Model S. In: Lundh Snis U (ed) Nordic Contributions in IS Research: 7th Scandinavian Conference on Information Systems, SCIS 2016 and IFIP8.6 2016, Ljungskile, Sweden, August 7-10, 2016, Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 57–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy.

Blog post
Hale T (2015) Bizarre Footage Of Parachuting Beavers Emerges Online. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2009) Highway Infrastructure: Federal Efforts to Strengthen Security Should Be Better Coordinated and Targeted on the Nation’s Most Critical Highway Infrastructure. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Guedez A (2017) Developing Correlations for Velocity Models in Vertical Transverse Isotropic Media: Bakken Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J (2017) DeGrom Bounces Back in Style, but Cespedes Exits With Soreness. New York Times B10

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ito 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Chhowalla and Amaratunga 2000; Ito 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chhowalla and Amaratunga 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Thibault-Starzyk et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal of Education and Pedagogy
AbbreviationVideo J. Educ. Pedagog.
ISSN (online)2364-4583

Other styles