How to format your references using the Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hasselmo ME (2008) Neuroscience. The scale of experience. Science 321:46–47
A journal article with 2 authors
Wicherts JM, Scholten AZ (2013) Comment on “Poverty impedes cognitive function.” Science 342:1169
A journal article with 3 authors
Kimchi T, Xu J, Dulac C (2007) A functional circuit underlying male sexual behaviour in the female mouse brain. Nature 448:1009–1014
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Tadaki K, Iono D, Yun MS, et al (2018) The gravitationally unstable gas disk of a starburst galaxy 12 billion years ago. Nature 560:613–616

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Jufer M (2013) Electric Drives. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA
An edited book
Upreti DK, Divakar PK, Shukla V, Bajpai R (eds) (2015) Recent Advances in Lichenology: Modern Methods and Approaches in Biomonitoring and Bioprospection, Volume 1. Springer India, New Delhi
A chapter in an edited book
Okot-Okumu J, Oosterveer P (2010) Providing Sanitation for the Urban Poor in Uganda. In: van Vliet B, Spaargaren G, Oosterveer P (eds) Social Perspectives on the Sanitation Challenge. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 49–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Video Journal of Education and Pedagogy.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) This Water Stream Leaking From A Pool Looks Frozen Solid. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2007) Digital Television Transition: Preliminary Information on Progress of the DTV Transition. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Alonzo CE (2010) Operation Uniting Families: Family treatment program a grant. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2014) A Tumor, the Embryo’s Evil Twin. New York Times D5

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Huarte 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Adam 2002; Watt 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wicherts and Scholten 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Brown et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleVideo Journal of Education and Pedagogy
AbbreviationVideo J. Educ. Pedagog.
ISSN (online)2364-4583

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