How to format your references using the Journal of Optics - official publication of the Optical Society of India citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Optics - official publication of the Optical Society of India. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. C. Wunsch, Nature 405, 743 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
1. J. O. McInerney and M. J. O’Connell, Nature 514, 570 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
1. J. J. Magnuson, C. Safina, and M. P. Sissenwine, Science 293, 1267 (2001).
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1. J. Sun, X.-P. Zhang, X.-T. Li, L. Tang, Y. Cui, X.-Y. Zhang, and Y.-S. Sun, Sci. Rep. 4, 6072 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. E. Larsen and R. M. Aarts, Audio Bandwidth Extension (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2005).
An edited book
1. G. Bozzolo, R. D. Noebe, P. B. Abel, and D. R. Vij, editors , Applied Computational Materials Modeling: Theory, Simulation and Experiment (Springer US, Boston, MA, 2007).
A chapter in an edited book
1. C. Basso, S. Y. Ho, and G. Thiene, in Electrical Diseases of the Heart: Genetics, Mechanisms, Treatment, Prevention, edited by I. Gussak, C. Antzelevitch, A. A. M. Wilde, P. A. Friedman, M. J. Ackerman, and W.-K. Shen (Springer, London, 2008), pp. 37–51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Optics - official publication of the Optical Society of India.

Blog post
1. E. Andrew, IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office, Emergency Transportation Relief: Agencies Could Improve Collaboration Begun during Hurricane Sandy Response (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2014).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. J. L. Kohl, The Association of Critical Thinking and Participation in Living and Learning Programs: Residential Honors Compared to Civic /Social Leadership Programs and Non -Participation in Living and Learning Programs, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. J. R. Oestreich, New York Times C2 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Optics - official publication of the Optical Society of India
ISSN (print)0972-8821
ISSN (online)0974-6900

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