How to format your references using the Journal of the Egyptian Society of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of the Egyptian Society of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Abbott A. European space panel picks new priorities. Nature 2000;407:277.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Stive MJF, Reniers AJHM. Geophysics. Sandbars in motion. Science 2003;299:1855–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Mellor J, Nicoll RA, Schmitz D. Mediation of hippocampal mossy fiber long-term potentiation by presynaptic Ih channels. Science 2002;295:143–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wright SI, Bi IV, Schroeder SG, Yamasaki M, Doebley JF, McMullen MD, et al. The effects of artificial selection on the maize genome. Science 2005;308:1310–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rigo M. Formal Languages, Automata and Numeration Systems 1. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Knols BGJ. Bridging laboratory and field research for genetic control of disease vectors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Ferris JS, Winer SL, Grofman B. The Duverger-Demsetz Perspective on Electoral Competitiveness and Fragmentation: With Application to the Canadian Parliamentary System, 1867–2011. In: Gallego M, Schofield N, editors. The Political Economy of Social Choices, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016, p. 93–122.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of the Egyptian Society of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery.

Blog post
[1]
O`Callaghan J. Arctic Sea Ice Had A Massive 41% Increase In Summer 2013, But Overall It’s Still Shrinking. IFLScience 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/arctic-sea-ice-had-massive-41-increase-summer-2013-overall-trends-are-still-down/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Transportation Security Administration Did Not Fully Disclose Uses of Personal Information During Secure Flight Program Testing in Initial Privacy Notes, but Has Recently Taken Steps to More Fully Inform the Public. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ponder S. Parent information nights: An elementary school principal’s search to increase parent input and affect the learning-at-home environment. Doctoral dissertation. Lindenwood University, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Hodgman J. Bonus Advice From Judge John Hodgman. New York Times 2017:MM16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of the Egyptian Society of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
ISSN (print)1110-578X
Scope

Other styles