How to format your references using the Veterinary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gehrels, T. Brains, Courage and Integrity. Nature 2000, 404, 335.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hering, J.G.; Ingold, K.M. Water Management. Water Resources Management: What Should Be Integrated? Science 2012, 336, 1234–1235.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunn, F.A.; Lankheet, M.J.; Rieke, F. Light Adaptation in Cone Vision Involves Switching between Receptor and Post-Receptor Sites. Nature 2007, 449, 603–606.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Sato, C.; Ueno, Y.; Asai, K.; Takahashi, K.; Sato, M.; Engel, A.; Fujiyoshi, Y. The Voltage-Sensitive Sodium Channel Is a Bell-Shaped Molecule with Several Cavities. Nature 2001, 409, 1047–1051.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
McCurley, L. Professional Rope Access; John Wiley & Sons, Inc: Hoboken, NJ, 2016; ISBN 9781119085416.
An edited book
The Principles of Clinical Cytogenetics; Gersen, S.L., Keagle, M.B., Eds.; 3rd ed. 2013.; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; ISBN 9781441916877.
A chapter in an edited book
Rosenwaks, Y.; Elias, G.; Strassbourg, E.; Schwarzman, A.; Boag, A. The Effect of the Measuring Tip and Image Reconstruction. In Kelvin Probe Force Microscopy: Measuring and Compensating Electrostatic Forces; Sadewasser, S., Glatzel, T., Eds.; Springer Series in Surface Sciences; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012; pp. 45–67 ISBN 9783642225659.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, E. How We Showed ‘Sleeping On It’ Really Is The Best Way To Solve A Problem (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office FCC: Non-Voice, Non-Geostationary Mobile Satellite Service; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1997;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mullin Piette, A.J. Dialogic Encounters among Health Care Providers in Pediatric Critical Care: A Qualitative, Collective Case Study. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix: Phoenix, AZ, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schilling, M.K. A Sense of Place. New York Times 2017, M2100.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Sciences
AbbreviationVet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2306-7381

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