How to format your references using the Veterinary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bucksbaum, P.H. Chemistry. The first femtosecond in the life of a chemical reaction. Science 2006, 312, 373–374.
A journal article with 2 authors
Talapin, D.V.; Murray, C.B. PbSe nanocrystal solids for n- and p-channel thin film field-effect transistors. Science 2005, 310, 86–89.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hoffecker, J.F.; Elias, S.A.; O’Rourke, D.H. Anthropology. Out of Beringia? Science 2014, 343, 979–980.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ho, P.K.; Kim, J.S.; Burroughes, J.H.; Becker, H.; Li, S.F.; Brown, T.M.; Cacialli, F.; Friend, R.H. Molecular-scale interface engineering for polymer light-emitting diodes. Nature 2000, 404, 481–484.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Brown, M.; Cutler, T.J. Haematology Nursing; John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.: West Sussex, UK, 2012; ISBN 9781118702949.
An edited book
Aging Research in Yeast; Breitenbach, M., Jazwinski, S.M., Laun, P., Eds.; Subcellular Biochemistry; Springer Netherlands: Dordrecht, 2012; Vol. 57; ISBN 9789400725607.
A chapter in an edited book
Quttineh, N.-H.; Larsson, T.; Lundberg, K.; Holmberg, K. Effect Oriented Planning of Joint Attacks. In Optimization Theory, Decision Making, and Operations Research Applications: Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium and 10th Balkan Conference on Operational Research; Migdalas, A., Sifaleras, A., Georgiadis, C.K., Papathanasiou, J., Stiakakis, E., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; Springer: New York, NY, 2013; pp. 49–70 ISBN 9781461451334.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Sciences.

Blog post
Carpineti, A. NASA Is Hunting Down A Runaway Black Hole Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Retirement Processing: Applying Information Technology Acquisition Best Practices Could Help OPM Overcome a Long History of Unsuccessful Modernization Efforts; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2014;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chapple, C.M. A: Application of Polymeric Quaternary Ammonium Surfactant Clay Intercalates in Triphase Catalysis B: Effect of Various Compatibilizers in Polymer-Clay Nanocomposites. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. Nassau Has $100 Million for Open Space. New York Times 2007, LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Sciences
AbbreviationVet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2306-7381

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