How to format your references using the Veterinary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Butler, D. Report Backs Military Axis on Space. Nature 2003, 421, 301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rizzoli, S.O.; Betz, W.J. The Structural Organization of the Readily Releasable Pool of Synaptic Vesicles. Science 2004, 303, 2037–2039.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tseng, C.-H.; Gobell, J.L.; Sperling, G. Long-Lasting Sensitization to a given Colour after Visual Search. Nature 2004, 428, 657–660.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Taipale, J.; Cooper, M.K.; Maiti, T.; Beachy, P.A. Patched Acts Catalytically to Suppress the Activity of Smoothened. Nature 2002, 418, 892–897.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Li, F.-C.; Yu, B.; Wei, J.-J.; Kawaguchi, Y. Turbulent Drag Reduction by Surfactant Additives; John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte. Ltd.: Singapore, 2011; ISBN 9781118181096.
An edited book
Advanced Fluorescence Reporters in Chemistry and Biology III: Applications in Sensing and Imaging; Demchenko, A.P., Ed.; Springer Series on Fluorescence, Methods and Applications; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011; Vol. 113; ISBN 9783642180347.
A chapter in an edited book
Angosto, C.; López-Pellicer, M. Compactness and Distances to Spaces of Continuous Functions and Fréchet Spaces. In Descriptive Topology and Functional Analysis: In Honour of Jerzy Kakol’s 60th Birthday; Ferrando, J.C., López-Pellicer, M., Eds.; Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; pp. 75–93 ISBN 9783319052236.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Sciences.

Blog post
Andrew, D. Black Bears Mistaken For Puppies For TWO YEARS By Chinese Man (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office National Assessment of Educational Progress Exclusion Rates for Students with Disabilities; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 2005;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wenzel, A.B. Learning the Culture of Teaching: A Middle School Perspective. Doctoral dissertation, Indiana University: Bloomington, IN, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G. A Personal Loss for a Hofstra Alumnus. New York Times 2009, B19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Sciences
AbbreviationVet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2306-7381

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