How to format your references using the Veterinary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sohl, F. Planetary Science. Revealing Titan’s Interior. Science 2010, 327, 1338–1339.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pörtner, H.O.; Knust, R. Climate Change Affects Marine Fishes through the Oxygen Limitation of Thermal Tolerance. Science 2007, 315, 95–97.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wake, D.B.; Wake, M.H.; Specht, C.D. Homoplasy: From Detecting Pattern to Determining Process and Mechanism of Evolution. Science 2011, 331, 1032–1035.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gu, L.; Black, B.; Ordonez, S.; Mondal, A.; Jain, A.; Mohanty, S. Microfluidic Control of Axonal Guidance. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 6457.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Anichini, G.; Carraro, F.; Geslin, P.; Guille-Escuret, G. Technicity vs Scientificity; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2017; ISBN 9781119406242.
An edited book
McInnis, B. HTML5 Game Programming with Enchant.Js; Shimizu, R., Furukawa, H., Fushimi, R., Tanaka, R., Kratzer, K., Eds.; Apress: Berkeley, CA, 2013; ISBN 9781430247432.
A chapter in an edited book
Mehta, C.R. Sample Size Reestimation for Confirmatory Clinical Trials. In Designs for Clinical Trials: Perspectives on Current Issues; Harrington, D., Ed.; Springer: New York, NY, 2012; pp. 81–108 ISBN 9781461401391.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Sciences.

Blog post
Hale, T. Lost Section Of The Great Wall Of China Resurfaces After Drought (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Tax Systems Modernization: Management and Technical Weaknesses Must Be Overcome To Achieve Success; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1996;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mosbacker, H.L. Control of Electrical Transport Mechanisms at Metal-Zinc Oxide Interfaces by Subsurface Defect Engineering with Remote Plasma Treatment. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W.K.; Schwirtz, M. City Jails Chief Fires Deputy Accused of Eavesdropping. New York Times 2017, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Sciences
AbbreviationVet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2306-7381

Other styles