How to format your references using the Veterinary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Marine, J.-C. Journal club. A cancer geneticist looks at the link between small RNA molecules and cancer. Nature 2010, 464, 1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nair, G.; Raj, A. Molecular biology. Time-lapse transcription. Science 2011, 332, 431–432.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dunningham, J.; Rau, A.; Burnett, K. From pedigree cats to fluffy-bunnies. Science 2005, 307, 872–875.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Xiao, C.; Xu, X.; Liu, S.; Wang, T.; Dong, W.; Yang, T.; Sun, Z.; Dai, D.; Xu, X.; Zhang, D.H.; et al. Experimental and theoretical differential cross sections for a four-atom reaction: HD + OH → H₂O + D. Science 2011, 333, 440–442.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Habib, M.A.R. Literary Criticism from Plato to the Present; Wiley-Blackwell: Oxford, UK, 2010; ISBN 9781444328004.
An edited book
Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker: A Pioneer on Environmental, Climate and Energy Policies; von Weizsäcker, E.U., Ed.; SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2014; Vol. 28; ISBN 9783319036618.
A chapter in an edited book
Duindam, V.; Macchelli, A.; Stramigioli, S.; Bruyninckx, H. Control of Finite-Dimensional Port-Hamiltonian Systems. In Modeling and Control of Complex Physical Systems: The Port-Hamiltonian Approach; Macchelli, A., Stramigioli, S., Bruyninckx, H., Eds.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2009; pp. 273–318 ISBN 9783642031953.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Sciences.

Blog post
Davis, J. Teenage Suicide Attempts Fall In The US After Same-Sex Marriage Is Legalized Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Federal Documents in Languages Other Than English Published and Distributed in Calendar Years 1995-1997; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1998;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen, T.H. Adolescent substance use family-based treatment: A grant proposal project. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach: Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. Beleaguered Russian Orchestra Tours U.S. New York Times 2006, B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,1].
This sentence cites four references [1,1,1,1].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Sciences
AbbreviationVet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2306-7381

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