How to format your references using the Veterinary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Soled, S. CATALYSIS. Silica-supported catalysts get a new breath of life. Science 2015, 350, 1171–1172.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fisher, H.S.; Hoekstra, H.E. Competition drives cooperation among closely related sperm of deer mice. Nature 2010, 463, 801–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Poulton, S.W.; Fralick, P.W.; Canfield, D.E. The transition to a sulphidic ocean approximately 1.84 billion years ago. Nature 2004, 431, 173–177.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Little, W.; Karatutlu, A.; Bolmatov, D.; Trachenko, K.; Sapelkin, A.V.; Cibin, G.; Taylor, R.; Mosselmans, F.; Dent, A.J.; Mountjoy, G. Structural origin of light emission in germanium quantum dots. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 7372.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gladon, R.J.; Graves, W.R.; Kelly, J.M. Getting Published in the Life Sciences; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2011; ISBN 9781118041673.
An edited book
Evaluating AAL Systems Through Competitive Benchmarking: International Competitions and Final Workshop, EvAAL 2012, July and September 2012. Revised Selected Papers; Chessa, S., Knauth, S., Eds.; Communications in Computer and Information Science; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013; Vol. 362; ISBN 9783642374180.
A chapter in an edited book
Liang, J.; Yu, Z.; Li, L.; Gao, H.; Pei, Q. Stable Junction Polymer Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells. In Organic Nanophotonics: Fundamentals and Applications; Zhao, Y.S., Ed.; Nano-Optics and Nanophotonics; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2015; pp. 87–117 ISBN 9783662450819.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Sciences.

Blog post
Andrews, R. New Low-Cost Test Determines Blood Type In Just 30 Seconds Available online: (accessed on Oct 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Telecommunications Security and Privacy; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1983;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lee, S. The Influence of Product Involvement and Fan Identification on Response to Team Sponsors’ Products. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University: Columbus, OH, 2005.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
LaFRANIERE, S.; Kirkpatrick, D.D.; Vogel, K.P. Guest at Trump Tower Meeting Has Aided Close Allies of Putin. New York Times 2017, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Sciences
AbbreviationVet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2306-7381

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