How to format your references using the Veterinary Sciences citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Sciences. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abeles, M. Neuroscience. Time Is Precious. Science 2004, 304, 523–524.
A journal article with 2 authors
Williamson, C.E.; Rose, K.C. Environmental Science. When UV Meets Fresh Water. Science 2010, 329, 637–639.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tuthill, P.G.; Monnier, J.D.; Danchi, W.C. A Dusty Torus around the Luminous Young Star LkH Alpha101. Nature 2001, 409, 1012–1014.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Li, Y.; Zhou, S.; Dong, G.; Peng, M.; Wondraczek, L.; Qiu, J. Anti-Stokes Fluorescent Probe with Incoherent Excitation. Sci. Rep. 2014, 4, 4059.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, W.L.; Marn, M.V.; Zawada, C.C. The Price Advantage; John Wiley & Sons, Inc.: Hoboken, NJ, 2010; ISBN 9781118267653.
An edited book
Feldman, R.M. Applied Probability and Stochastic Processes; Valdez-Flores, C., Ed.; Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010; ISBN 9783642051555.
A chapter in an edited book
Lee, S.P. Cosmopolitan Citizenship. In Citizenship and Immigration - Borders, Migration and Political Membership in a Global Age; Cudd, A.E., Lee, W.-C., Eds.; AMINTAPHIL: The Philosophical Foundations of Law and Justice; Springer International Publishing: Cham, 2016; pp. 45–58 ISBN 9783319327853.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Sciences.

Blog post
Hale, T. Yep, That Viral Video Of A Shark Attacking A Porn Star Was Bullshit (accessed on 30 October 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office Planning Procedures for Computer Resources in the Department of the Interior; U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC, 1977;

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ren, W. The Portrayal of Risk-Taking Behaviors in Traffic on the Prime-Time Television Series. Doctoral dissertation, Southern Illinois University: Edwardsville, IL, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt), S.K. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Breakaway Church In Talks. New York Times 2003, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Sciences
AbbreviationVet. Sci.
ISSN (online)2306-7381

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