How to format your references using the Environmental Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Macilwain C. Ocean researchers dive to deep-sea stations. Nature. 2000;406:449.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Hines PJ, Zahn LM. What’s bugging plants? Plant-microbe interactions. Introduction. Science. 2009;324:741.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Denholm I, Devine GJ, Williamson MS. Evolutionary genetics. Insecticide resistance on the move. Science. 2002;297:2222–2223.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Rhyee J-S, Lee KH, Lee SM, et al. Peierls distortion as a route to high thermoelectric performance in In(4)Se(3-delta) crystals. Nature. 2009;459:965–968.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pierce DR. Project Scheduling and Management for Construction. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Tonchia S. Performance Measurement: Linking Balanced Scorecard to Business Intelligence. Quagini L, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Marques de Sá JP. Parametric Tests of Hypotheses. In: Marques de Sá JP, editor. Applied Statistics Using SPSS, STATISTICA, MATLAB and R. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 111–169.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Luntz S. Florida Bans Employees From Mentioning Climate Change [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/florida-bans-employees-mentioning-climate-change/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Financial Audit: District of Columbia Highway Trust Fund’s 1996 Financial Statements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997. Report No.: AIMD-98-30. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Stahl-Kovell DW. Reimagining red power: Native American community, activism, and academics in postwar America [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Nagourney A. ‘Everyone Has a Game Plan Until You Punch them in the Mouth.’ New York Times. 2014 Feb 26;MM20.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology
AbbreviationEnviron. Technol.
ISSN (print)0959-3330
ISSN (online)1479-487X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

Other styles