How to format your references using the Environmental Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Owens B. Stroke. Nature. 2014;510:S1.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wu Z, Curtin WA. The origins of high hardening and low ductility in magnesium. Nature. 2015;526:62–67.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Liang Y, Wu D, Fu R. Carbon microfibers with hierarchical porous structure from electrospun fiber-like natural biopolymer. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1119.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Li X, Liu B, Li X-L, et al. SiO2 nanoparticles change colour preference and cause Parkinson’s-like behaviour in zebrafish. Sci Rep. 2014;4:3810.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Mysak J. Encyclopedia of Municipal Bonds. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
[1]
Sullivan P. Teaching with Tasks for Effective Mathematics Learning. Clarke D, Clarke B, editors. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Perello M, Raingo J. Central Ghrelin Receptors and Food Intake. In: Portelli J, Smolders I, editors. Central Functions of the Ghrelin Receptor. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 65–88.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Fully-Grown Pig Chimeras Are Only A Few Years Away – We Need To Understand Where They Stand Now [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/fully-grown-pig-chimeras-are-only-a-few-years-away-we-need-to-understand-where-they-stand-now/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: TSA Does Not Have Valid Evidence Supporting Most of the Revised Behavioral Indicators Used in Its Behavior Detection Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2017. Report No.: GAO-17-608R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Subramanian K. Mechanisms and Effect of Microstructure on High Temperature Deformation of Gamma-TiAl Based Alloys [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2003.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Davey M, Yaccino S. Milwaukee Suburb Tries to Cope With Girl’s Stabbing. New York Times. 2014 Jun 7;A16.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology
AbbreviationEnviron. Technol.
ISSN (print)0959-3330
ISSN (online)1479-487X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

Other styles