How to format your references using the Environmental Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Grogan D. The microbes within. Nature. 2015;518:S2.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Kumar S, Vaux DL. Apoptosis. A cinderella caspase takes center stage. Science. 2002;297:1290–1291.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Farnan I, Cho H, Weber WJ. Quantification of actinide alpha-radiation damage in minerals and ceramics. Nature. 2007;445:190–193.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Hafting T, Fyhn M, Molden S, et al. Microstructure of a spatial map in the entorhinal cortex. Nature. 2005;436:801–806.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Rao KR, Bojkovic ZS, Milovanovic DA. Introduction to Multimedia Communications. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Ormrod JS, editor. Changing our Environment, Changing Ourselves: Nature, Labour, Knowledge and Alienation. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Berghöfer U, Berghöfer A. ‚Participation’ in Development Thinking — Coming to Grips with a Truism and its Critiques. In: Stollkleemann S, Welp M, editors. Stakeholder Dialogues in Natural Resources Management: Theory and Practice. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006. p. 79–116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Resetting the Timeline on the Evolution of Flowers. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2013.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Bureau of Indian Affairs’ Progress in Providing Special Education Services to Indian Children. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979. Report No.: CED-79-121. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Rozas KN. Searching for Reel Consequences: A Content Analysis of Risk Behaviors, Gender and Character Consequences in PG-13 Movie Trailers [Doctoral dissertation]. [ Lafayette, LA]: University of Louisiana; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Feeney K. A Fresh Pita Oasis, Plus Kebabs and Flatbreads. New York Times. 2009 Apr 26;NJ8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology
AbbreviationEnviron. Technol.
ISSN (print)0959-3330
ISSN (online)1479-487X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

Other styles