How to format your references using the Environmental Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Environmental Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Dalton R. Legal row looms for gene-map firm. Nature. 2003;423:470.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Choi W, Peifer M. Cell biology. Arranging a cellular checkerboard. Science. 2011;333:1099–1100.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Nisbet EG, Dlugokencky EJ, Bousquet P. Atmospheric science. Methane on the rise--again. Science. 2014;343:493–495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Acharya U, Patel S, Koundakjian E, et al. Modulating sphingolipid biosynthetic pathway rescues photoreceptor degeneration. Science. 2003;299:1740–1743.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Minenna M. The Incomplete Currency: The Future of the Euro and Solutions for the Eurozone. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
[1]
Àlvarez C, Serna M, editors. Experimental Algorithms: 5th International Workshop, WEA 2006, Cala Galdana, Menorca, Spain, May 24-27, 2006. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Siek JG. The C++0x “Concepts” Effort. In: Gibbons J, editor. Generic and Indexed Programming: International Spring School, SSGIP 2010, Oxford, UK, March 22-26, 2010, Revised Lectures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. p. 175–216.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Environmental Technology.

Blog post
[1]
Hale T. Girl Is Separated From Her Parasitic Twin In Risky Operation. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 5. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991. Report No.: 144236. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Barham OM. Microfabricated Bulk Piezoelectric Transformers [Doctoral dissertation]. [College Park, MD]: University of Maryland, College Park; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Goldstein J. The Pickpocket’s Tale. New York Times. 2014 Jul 18;MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEnvironmental Technology
AbbreviationEnviron. Technol.
ISSN (print)0959-3330
ISSN (online)1479-487X
ScopeEnvironmental Chemistry
Waste Management and Disposal
Water Science and Technology
General Medicine

Other styles