How to format your references using the The Protein Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Protein Journal (Protein J). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Fadri-Moskwik M (2015) Love knows no boundaries. Science 348:254
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Meacham CE, Morrison SJ (2013) Tumour heterogeneity and cancer cell plasticity. Nature 501:328–337
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Ohde T, Yaginuma T, Niimi T (2013) Insect morphological diversification through the modification of wing serial homologs. Science 340:495–498
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Baker PA, Seltzer GO, Fritz SC, et al (2001) The history of South American tropical precipitation for the past 25,000 years. Science 291:640–643

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bech S, Zacharov N (2006) Perceptual Audio Evaluation-Theory, Method and Application. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Bauzer Medeiros C, Egenhofer MJ, Bertino E (2005) Advances in Spatial and Temporal Databases: 9th International Symposium, SSTD 2005, Angra dos Reis, Brazil, August 22-24, 2005. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kelm BM, Mittal S, Zheng Y, et al (2011) Detection, Grading and Classification of Coronary Stenoses in Computed Tomography Angiography. In: Fichtinger G, Martel A, Peters T (eds) Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention – MICCAI 2011: 14th International Conference, Toronto, Canada, September 18-22, 2011, Proceedings, Part III. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 25–32

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Protein Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2013) What Have We Got To Lose?: A Brief History of Mass Extinction Events. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Information Technology: Treasury Needs to Strengthen Its Investment Board Operations and Oversight. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Chatterji S (2016) A novel agent-based dynamic load balancing model for cloud networks. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Markoff J (2016) New Research Center to Explore Ethics of Artificial Intelligence. New York Times B2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 1].
This sentence cites four references [1, 1, 1, 1].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Protein Journal
AbbreviationJ. Protein Chem.
ISSN (print)1572-3887
ISSN (online)1573-4943
ScopeBiochemistry
Bioengineering
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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