How to format your references using the The Protein Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Protein Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Wadman M (2005) Path to approval proves rocky for copycat biodrugs. Nature 438:154–155
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ye C, Tsukruk VV (2015) Materials assembly. Designing two-dimensional materials that spring rapidly into three-dimensional shapes. Science 347:130–131
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Parr BT, Economou C, Herzon SB (2015) A concise synthesis of (+)-batzelladine B from simple pyrrole-based starting materials. Nature 525:507–510
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Gomes R, Levison HF, Tsiganis K, Morbidelli A (2005) Origin of the cataclysmic Late Heavy Bombardment period of the terrestrial planets. Nature 435:466–469

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Gable J, Herrmann T (2016) Counselling Skills for Dietitians. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Edge CS (2010) Beginning Mac OS X Snow Leopard Server: From Solo Install to Enterprise Integration. Apress, Berkeley, CA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Ngwenya E (2014) Global Evidence of Age-Structured Differences in MDG Awareness Among Users of Personal Computers. In: Kaur H, Tao X (eds) ICTs and the Millennium Development Goals: A United Nations Perspective. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp 55–66

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Protein Journal.

Blog post
1.
Hamilton K (2015) A Hen Laid A Giant Egg With Something Pretty Strange Inside. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1986) Telecommunication: Air Force Cost Estimates for Scope Exchange Telephone Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Luna SC (2010) An integrated treatment program for individuals with co-occurring mental health and substance use disorders: A grant proposal. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gorman J (2016) Nowhere to Run: Outside Refuges, Cheetahs Face Outsize Threats. New York Times D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Protein Journal
AbbreviationJ. Protein Chem.
ISSN (print)1572-3887
ISSN (online)1573-4943
ScopeBiochemistry
Bioengineering
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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