How to format your references using the The Protein Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for The Protein Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Frey BS (2011) Psychology. Happy people live longer. Science 331:542–543
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Boehm M, Slack F (2005) A developmental timing microRNA and its target regulate life span in C. elegans. Science 310:1954–1957
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bluestone JA, Herold K, Eisenbarth G (2010) Genetics, pathogenesis and clinical interventions in type 1 diabetes. Nature 464:1293–1300
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Papp SB, Choi KS, Deng H, et al (2009) Characterization of multipartite entanglement for one photon shared among four optical modes. Science 324:764–768

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Niemi V, Nyberg K (2006) Universal Mobile Telecommunications System Security. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Grech S, Soldatic K (2016) Disability in the Global South: The Critical Handbook. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Eviatar Z, Ibrahim R (2012) Multilingualism Among Israeli Arabs, and the Neuropsychology of Reading in Different Languages. In: Leikin M, Schwartz M, Tobin Y (eds) Current Issues in Bilingualism: Cognitive and Socio-linguistic Perspectives. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 57–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for The Protein Journal.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) New Study Reveals What The World Would Look Like If Humans Never Existed. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2007) Performance and Accountability Highlights Fiscal Year 2006. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Roberts S (2019) The Other Side of Adversity: Surviving a Destructive Leader Experience. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J (2016) Outside The Bars. New York Times BR4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleThe Protein Journal
AbbreviationJ. Protein Chem.
ISSN (print)1572-3887
ISSN (online)1573-4943
ScopeBiochemistry
Bioengineering
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

Other styles