How to format your references using the Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bosch X (2000) Spanish postgrads push for better employment rights. Nature 405:723
A journal article with 2 authors
Stark CP, Stieglitz M (2000) Hydrology. The sting in a fractal tail. Nature 403:493, 495
A journal article with 3 authors
Andersson JO, Doolittle WF, Nesbø CL (2001) Genomics. Are there bugs in our genome? Science 292:1848–1850
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Rui G, Abeysinghe DC, Nelson RL, Zhan Q (2013) Demonstration of beam steering via dipole-coupled plasmonic spiral antenna. Sci Rep 3:2237

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Adámek J (1991) Foundations of Coding. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Noah SA, Abdullah A, Arshad H, et al (2013) Soft Computing Applications and Intelligent Systems: Second International Multi-Conference on Artificial Intelligence Technology, M-CAIT 2013, Shah Alam, August 28-29, 2013. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Mathis G, Beckh S, Görg C (2011) Lung Consolidation. In: Mathis G (ed) Chest Sonography. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 55–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Hale T (2016) Can You Spot The Mistake In This Simple Viral Puzzle? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996) Airport and Airway Trust Fund: Effects of the Trust Fund Taxes’ Lapsing on FAA’s Budget. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Serranilla M (2012) Env7p localizes to the vacuole membrane and plays a role in vacuolar protein processing. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Marx L (2016) When ‘I Do’ Still Sounds Like a Good Idea. New York Times ST18

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Research
AbbreviationVet. Res.
ISSN (online)1297-9716
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

Other styles