How to format your references using the Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott A (2001) Human Proteome Index launched. Nature 409:3
A journal article with 2 authors
Carlip S, Vaidya S (2003) Cosmology: Do black holes constrain varying constants? Nature 421:498
A journal article with 3 authors
Kinney MA, Saeed R, McDevitt TC (2014) Mesenchymal morphogenesis of embryonic stem cells dynamically modulates the biophysical microtissue niche. Sci Rep 4:4290
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Hansen CJ, Bourke M, Bridges NT, et al (2011) Seasonal erosion and restoration of Mars’ northern polar dunes. Science 331:575–578

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Camman C, Fiore C, Livolsi L, Querro P (2017) Supply Chain Management and Business Performance. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Michail S, Sherman PM (2009) Probiotics in Pediatric Medicine. Humana Press, Totowa, NJ
A chapter in an edited book
de Winter M (2014) Subjectificating Socialisation for the Common Good: The Case for a Democratic Offensive in Upbringing and Education. In: Biesta G, De Bie M, Wildemeersch D (eds) Civic Learning, Democratic Citizenship and the Public Sphere. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 55–70

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) This Lens Could Give You Superhuman Vision. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2005) Transportation Security Administration: More Clarity on the Authority of Federal Security Directors Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Richardson MM (2013) Challenging the South’s black-white binary: Haliwa-Saponi Indians and political autonomy. Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Eight Teams That Will Try Their Best. How Novel. New York Times D3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Research
AbbreviationVet. Res.
ISSN (online)1297-9716
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

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