How to format your references using the Veterinary Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hamilton C (2013) No, we should not just “at least do the research.” Nature 496:139
A journal article with 2 authors
Pearse A-M, Swift K (2006) Allograft theory: transmission of devil facial-tumour disease. Nature 439:549
A journal article with 3 authors
Bugreev DV, Mazina OM, Mazin AV (2006) Rad54 protein promotes branch migration of Holliday junctions. Nature 442:590–593
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Zhu G, Spellman PT, Volpe T, et al (2000) Two yeast forkhead genes regulate the cell cycle and pseudohyphal growth. Nature 406:90–94

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kay J, Tasman A (2006) Essentials of Psychiatry. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Bouabana-Tebibel T, Rubin SH (2014) Integration of Reusable Systems. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Battisti C, Poeta G, Fanelli G (2016) Disturbances and Coexistence of Species. In: Poeta G, Fanelli G (eds) An Introduction to Disturbance Ecology: A Road Map for Wildlife Management and Conservation. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–52

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Research.

Blog post
Andrew E (2016) How Should We Compensate Poor Countries For ‘Loss And Famage’ From Climate Change? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1985) NASA’s FIA Program: NASA’s Progress in Implementing Financial Integrity Act Requirements. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wolfenden A (2012) Factors predicting oncology care providers’ behavioral intention to adopt clinical decision support systems. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rosenbloom S, Billard M (2010) A Night to Ring Up Some Good Will. New York Times E8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Research
AbbreviationVet. Res.
ISSN (online)1297-9716
ScopeGeneral Veterinary

Other styles