How to format your references using the Economic Theory citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Economic Theory. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Katsnelson, A.: Microbiome: The puzzle in a bee’s gut. Nature. 521, S56 (2015)
A journal article with 2 authors
Saunders, L.R., Verdin, E.: Cell biology. Stress response and aging. Science. 323, 1021–1022 (2009)
A journal article with 3 authors
El-Ali, J., Sorger, P.K., Jensen, K.F.: Cells on chips. Nature. 442, 403–411 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Anopheles gambiae 1000 Genomes Consortium, Data analysis group, Partner working group, Sample collections—Angola:, Burkina Faso:, Cameroon:, Gabon:, Guinea:, Guinea-Bissau:, Kenya:, Uganda:, Crosses:, Sequencing and data production, Web application development, Project coordination: Genetic diversity of the African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Nature. 552, 96–100 (2017)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Nicu, L., Leïchlé, T.: Micro- and Nanoelectromechanical Biosensors. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2013)
An edited book
Ostwald, M.J.: The Fractal Dimension of Architecture. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Borchers, H.-J., Sen, R.N.: Homogeneity Properties. In: Sen, R.N. (ed.) Mathematical Implications of Einstein-Weyl Causality. pp. 51–65. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Economic Theory.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: You Can Sell Your Poop For $13k Per Year And Help Science


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Transmittal of Comptroller General Decision on the Transportation Security Administration’s Time and Attendance Approval System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2003)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Baruth, L.E.: Joan Tower and the clarinet: An examination of her compositional style and a performer’s guide to “RAIN WAVES” (1997) and “A GIFT” (2007), (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K.: It Could Be Sharks Versus Sharks In This Rumble on the Waterfront, (2003)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Katsnelson 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Katsnelson 2015; Saunders and Verdin 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Saunders and Verdin 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Anopheles gambiae 1000 Genomes Consortium et al. 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleEconomic Theory
AbbreviationEcon. Theory
ISSN (print)0938-2259
ISSN (online)1432-0479
ScopeEconomics and Econometrics

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