How to format your references using the American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nilsen TW. Molecular biology. Internal mRNA methylation finally finds functions. Science 2014;343:1207–1208.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ishikawa H, Barber GN. STING is an endoplasmic reticulum adaptor that facilitates innate immune signalling. Nature 2008;455:674–678.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gil S, Kott A, Barabási A-L. A genetic epidemiology approach to cyber-security. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5659.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Mizuguchi G, Shen X, Landry J, et al. ATP-driven exchange of histone H2AZ variant catalyzed by SWR1 chromatin remodeling complex. Science 2004;303:343–348.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Kroese DP, Taimre T, Botev ZI, et al. Simulation and the Monte Carlo Method: Solutions Manual to Accompany. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2007.
An edited book
1.
Sustainable Agriculture Reviews: Cereals. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Halt GB, Fesnak R, Donch JC, et al. Copyrights. In: Donch JC Jr, Stiles AR, Fesnak R, editor(s). Intellectual Property in Consumer Electronics, Software and Technology Startups. New York, NY: Springer; 2014. p. 53–60.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements.

Blog post
1.
Luntz S. Higher Pay May Help Smokers Quit [Internet]. IFLScience 2015;[cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/higher-pay-may-help-smokers-quit/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Education Funding: Multiple Programs and Lack of Data Raise Efficiency and Effectiveness Concerns (Supplemental Information to Testimony). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Voma SK. Design of Power Management Circuit for Energy Harvesting Applications. 2017;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Shear MD, Gordon MR. With Tensions Rising, How U.S. Military Actions Could Play Out in North Korea. New York Times 2017;A9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements
AbbreviationAm. J. Gastroenterol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1948-9498
ISSN (online)1948-9501
Scope

Other styles