How to format your references using the American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Bunnett JF. How much does one vote count in an election? Science 2000;290:1895b.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Vivier E, Biron CA. Immunology. A pathogen receptor on natural killer cells. Science 2002;296:1248–1249.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Yamamoto-Kawai M, Carmack E, McLaughlin F. Nitrogen balance and Arctic throughflow. Nature 2006;443:43.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
1.
Fukatsu A, Kondo M, Okamura M, et al. Electrochemical response of metal complexes in homogeneous solution under photoirradiation. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5327.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zinkin J. Rebuilding Trust in Banks. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
1.
25th Southern Biomedical Engineering Conference 2009, 15 – 17 May 2009, Miami, Florida, USA. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Müldner T, Miziołek JK, Corbin T. Permutation Based XML Compression. In: Monfort V, Krempels K-H, editor(s). Web Information Systems and Technologies: 10th International Conference, WEBIST 2014, Barcelona, Spain, April 3-5, 2014, Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 63–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Astronomers Spot Cosmic “Dinosaur Egg” That’s About To Hatch [Internet]. IFLScience 2015;[cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-spot-cosmic-dinosaur-egg/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Procedures and Policies of the Energy Research and Development Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Weir B. The transfer of momentum from waves to currents due to wave breaking. 2010;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly D. Model Citizen. New York Times 1995;720.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements
AbbreviationAm. J. Gastroenterol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1948-9498
ISSN (online)1948-9501
Scope

Other styles