How to format your references using the American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Malakoff D. NUCLEAR ESPIONAGE: Report Details Spying on Touring Scientists. Science 2000;288:2300–2301.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kirch PV, Sharp WD. Coral 230Th dating of the imposition of a ritual control hierarchy in precontact Hawaii. Science 2005;307:102–104.
A journal article with 3 authors
Bonifacio P, Limongi M, Chieffi A. Astrophysics: How did the metals in a giant star originate? Nature 2003;422:834.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Gibson DG, Glass JI, Lartigue C, et al. Creation of a bacterial cell controlled by a chemically synthesized genome. Science 2010;329:52–56.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ollivier J-P, Torrenti J-M, Carcassès M. Physical Properties of Concrete and Concrete Constituents. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Coleman PT. Morton Deutsch: Major Texts on Peace Psychology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Greilich A, Yakovlev DR, Bayer M, et al. Electron-Spin Dynamics in Self-Assembled (In,Ga)As/GaAs Quantum Dots. In: Fanciulli M, editor(s). Electron Spin Resonance and Related Phenomena in Low-Dimensional Structures. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 51–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements.

Blog post
Andrew E. Astronaut Alexander Gerst Made Mind-Blowing Time-Lapse Of Images From ISS [Internet]. IFLScience 2014;[cited 2018 Oct 30] Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Telecommunications: 1991 Survey of Cable Television Rates and Services. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1991.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Simone PS. A mixed methods study of culturally proficient practices in an elementary school. 2012;

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly D. CHILDREN’S BOOKS. New York Times 1993;723.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements
AbbreviationAm. J. Gastroenterol. Suppl.
ISSN (print)1948-9498
ISSN (online)1948-9501

Other styles