How to format your references using the Veterinary Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Padma, T.V., 2005. India’s drug tests. Nature 436, 485.
A journal article with 2 authors
Watson, A.J.A., Williams, J.M.J., 2010. Chemistry. The give and take of alcohol activation. Science 329, 635–636.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nasrallah, M.E., Liu, P., Nasrallah, J.B., 2002. Generation of self-incompatible Arabidopsis thaliana by transfer of two S locus genes from A. lyrata. Science 297, 247–249.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lau, H.C., Rogers, R.D., Haggard, P., Passingham, R.E., 2004. Attention to intention. Science 303, 1208–1210.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wahbi, M., 2013. Algorithms and Ordering Heuristics for Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problems. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ USA.
An edited book
Jullien, V. (Ed.), 2015. Seventeenth-Century Indivisibles Revisited, Science Networks. Historical Studies. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ren, F., Zhai, J., 2014. Contemporary Demands for Science and Technology Communication and Popularization, in: Zhai, J. (Ed.), Communication and Popularization of Science and Technology in China. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 127–158.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. China’s Dinosaur Fossil Hotbed Caused By Pompeii-like Volcano [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL’s-dinosaur-fossil-hotbed-caused-pompeii-volcano/ (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Health Information Technology: Early Efforts Initiated but Comprehensive Privacy Approach Needed for National Strategy (No. GAO-07-400T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hariharan, S.B., 2017. The Structure of the Blue Whirl: A Soot-Free Reacting Vortex Phenomenon (Doctoral dissertation). University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S., 2014. Rev. Gleb Yakunin, 80, Russian Priest and Dissident. New York Times B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Padma, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Padma, 2005; Watson and Williams, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Watson and Williams, 2010)
  • Three or more authors: (Lau et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Parasitology
AbbreviationVet. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0304-4017
General Veterinary
General Medicine

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