How to format your references using the Veterinary Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P., 2004. On the road. Nature 427, 85.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wu, J.-Q., Pollard, T.D., 2005. Counting cytokinesis proteins globally and locally in fission yeast. Science 310, 310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
Buhr, E.D., Yoo, S.-H., Takahashi, J.S., 2010. Temperature as a universal resetting cue for mammalian circadian oscillators. Science 330, 379–385.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Eddaoudi, M., Kim, J., Rosi, N., Vodak, D., Wachter, J., O’Keeffe, M., Yaghi, O.M., 2002. Systematic design of pore size and functionality in isoreticular MOFs and their application in methane storage. Science 295, 469–472.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wood, J., Brown, W., Howe, H., 2013. IT Auditing and Application Controls for Small and Mid-Sized Enterprises. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Salvolini, U., Scarabino, T. (Eds.), 2006. High Field Brain MRI: Use in Clinical Practice. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Smyth, M., 2011. Energy Flows in Winemaking Facilities, in: Russell, J., Milanowski, T. (Eds.), Solar Energy in the Winemaking Industry, Green Energy and Technology. Springer, London, pp. 111–240.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Parasitology.

Blog post
Hale, T., 2017. Scientists Hope Study Will Make Tomatoes Great Again [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1987. FAA Staffing: Air Traffic Controllers’ Work Load and Operational Performance (No. RCED-87-138FS). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moretto, L., 2012. Exploring the Nature of the Relationship Between Decision-Driven Scenarios and Decision Confidence in High-Velocity Environments (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Goldstein, M., Eder, S., Kelly, K., Stevenson, A., Protess, B., 2017. Sources of Trump Aides’ Wealth Include Cosmetics and ‘Seinfeld’ Reruns. New York Times A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Smaglik, 2004; Wu and Pollard, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wu and Pollard, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Eddaoudi et al., 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Parasitology
AbbreviationVet. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0304-4017
General Veterinary
General Medicine

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