How to format your references using the Veterinary Parasitology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Veterinary Parasitology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hyman, S., 2014. Mental health: depression needs large human-genetics studies. Nature 515, 189–191.
A journal article with 2 authors
Tegmark, M., Bostrom, N., 2005. Astrophysics: is a doomsday catastrophe likely? Nature 438, 754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nemecek, J.C., Wüthrich, M., Klein, B.S., 2006. Global control of dimorphism and virulence in fungi. Science 312, 583–588.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wiederhecker, G.S., Chen, L., Gondarenko, A., Lipson, M., 2009. Controlling photonic structures using optical forces. Nature 462, 633–636.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Arteaga, R., Hyland, J., 2013. Pivot. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
García Alcaraz, J.L., 2016. Just-in-Time Elements and Benefits, Management and Industrial Engineering. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Ducki, A., Welter, F., Günther, J., 2016. Neue Kooperationsformen und regionale Identitäten, in: Jeschke, S., Isenhardt, I., Hees, F., Henning, K. (Eds.), Automation, Communication and Cybernetics in Science and Engineering 2015/2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 51–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Veterinary Parasitology.

Blog post
Andrews, R., 2015. Jellyfish Are Efficient Swimmers Because They Suck [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2004. Unfunded Mandates: Analysis of Reform Act Coverage (No. GAO-04-637). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eutz, R.J., 2014. The experiences of Recovery High School students: Using empirical phenomenology to garner knowledge (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Stewart, J.B., 2016. Keep the Returns, Trump; Just Give Us a Few Figures. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hyman, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Hyman, 2014; Tegmark and Bostrom, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Tegmark and Bostrom, 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Wiederhecker et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleVeterinary Parasitology
AbbreviationVet. Parasitol.
ISSN (print)0304-4017
General Veterinary
General Medicine

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