How to format your references using the Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wassarman PM. Development. The sperm’s sweet tooth. Science 2011;333:1708–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Farley KA, Mukhopadhyay S. An extraterrestrial impact at the Permian-Triassic boundary? Science 2001;293:2343.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ohmoto H, Yamaguchi KE, Ono S. Questions regarding Precambrian sulfur isotope fractionation. Science 2001;292:1959.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yang AHJ, Moore SD, Schmidt BS, Klug M, Lipson M, Erickson D. Optical manipulation of nanoparticles and biomolecules in sub-wavelength slot waveguides. Nature 2009;457:71–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Connors LA, Alvarez C. How Markets Really Work. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
Karl HA, Scarlett L, Vargas-Moreno JC, Flaxman M, editors. Restoring Lands - Coordinating Science, Politics and Action: Complexities of Climate and Governance. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Aloupis G, Bose PK, Collette S, Demaine ED, Demaine ML, Douïeb K, et al. Common Unfoldings of Polyominoes and Polycubes. In: Akiyama J, Bo J, Kano M, Tan X, editors. Computational Geometry, Graphs and Applications: 9th International Conference, CGGA 2010, Dalian, China, November 3-6, 2010, Revised Selected Papers, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011, p. 44–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique.

Blog post
Andrews R. Five WW2 Warships And A Submarine Have Vanished From The Seafloor. IFLScience 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Transportation-Disadvantaged Populations: Many Federal Programs Fund Transportation Services, but Obstacles to Coordination Persist. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Manuel DG. Integrate or Innovate: Controlling Schedule Risk in Major Defense Acquisition Programs. Doctoral dissertation. George Washington University, 2019.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. The Son of Joseph. New York Times 2017:C12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRevue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique
ISSN (print)1877-0517
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles