How to format your references using the Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sutherland WJ. Parallel extinction risk and global distribution of languages and species. Nature 2003;423:276–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Petronczki M, Uhlmann F. Cell biology. ESCRTing DNA at the cleavage site during cytokinesis. Science 2012;336:166–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Meng F, McGrath KP, Hoveyda AH. Multifunctional organoboron compounds for scalable natural product synthesis. Nature 2014;513:367–74.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Carroll KS, Hanna J, Simon I, Krise J, Barbero P, Pfeffer SR. Role of Rab9 GTPase in facilitating receptor recruitment by TIP47. Science 2001;292:1373–6.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Idelberger K. The World of Footbridges. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2011.
An edited book
Khoshnevisan D. From Lévy-Type Processes to Parabolic SPDEs. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Lay G. Plant Engineering: Old Wine in New Skins. In: Lay G, editor. Servitization in Industry, Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014, p. 73–89.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique.

Blog post
Andrew D. Gut Feeling: How Your Microbiota Affects Your Mood, Sleep And Stress Levels. IFLScience 2016. (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Students with Disabilities: Better Federal Coordination Could Lessen Challenges in the Transition from High School. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2012.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mickey J. Random Linear Network Coding with Added Prefix Bits. Doctoral dissertation. University of Louisiana, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron J. Long-Ago Brooklyn Brewer Left Hidden Underground Vaults, and Mystery. New York Times 2017:A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRevue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique
ISSN (print)1877-0517
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

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