How to format your references using the Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruoff RS. Journal club. A physical chemist is excited by the electronic potential of a new arrangement of carbon sheets. Nature 2010;463:853.
A journal article with 2 authors
Inchausti P, Halley J. Investigating long-term ecological variability using the Global Population Dynamics Database. Science 2001;293:655–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Thürmer K, Hwang RQ, Bartelt NC. Surface self-organization caused by dislocation networks. Science 2006;311:1272–4.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hosseini T, Flores-Vivian I, Sobolev K, Kouklin N. Concrete embedded dye-synthesized photovoltaic solar cell. Sci Rep 2013;3:2727.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Owen JS, Fiedler-Kelly J. Introduction to Population Pharmacokinetic / Pharmacodynamic Analysis with Nonlinear Mixed Effects Models. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
Voland E, Schiefenhövel W, editors. The Biological Evolution of Religious Mind and Behavior. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Ahn G-O, Brown JM. Combinations of Hypoxia-Targeting Compounds and Radiation-Activated Prodrugs with Ionizing Radiation. In: Brown JM, Mehta MP, Nieder C, editors. Multimodal Concepts for Integration of Cytotoxic Drugs, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2006, p. 67–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique.

Blog post
Andrew E. Diver Nearly Gets Swallowed By Whale. IFLScience 2014.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Food Assistance: Child Care Centers Sponsored by Schools Participating in the National School Lunch Program. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ekici T. An Investigation of Credit Card Debt: The Effect of Price and Income Expectations and the Impact on Consumption. Doctoral dissertation. Ohio State University, 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. Campus Kickoffs: Don’t Think Too Hard. New York Times 2010:B17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRevue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique
ISSN (print)1877-0517
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles