How to format your references using the Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rokas A. Genomics. Genomics and the tree of life. Science 2006;313:1897–9.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kitagawa N, Ichihara S. Hearing visual motion in depth. Nature 2002;416:172–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
Rozin P, Haidt J, Fincher K. Psychology. From oral to moral. Science 2009;323:1179–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Ochsenbein AF, Sierro S, Odermatt B, Pericin M, Karrer U, Hermans J, et al. Roles of tumour localization, second signals and cross priming in cytotoxic T-cell induction. Nature 2001;411:1058–64.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Raymond SU. Recession, Recovery, and Renewal: Long-Term Nonprofit Strategies for Rapid Economic Change. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
Desfray P, Filipe J, Hammoudi S, Pires LF, editors. Model-Driven Engineering and Software Development: Third International Conference, MODELSWARD 2015, Angers, France, February 9-11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 580. 1st ed. 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
Beling PA, Lambert JH, Rahman FA, Overstreet GO, Slutzky D. Systems Analysis and Adaptive Learning for Portfolio Management of Superfund Sites. In: Macey GP, Cannon JZ, editors. Reclaiming the Land: Rethinking Superfund Institutions, Methods and Practices, Boston, MA: Springer US; 2007, p. 129–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique.

Blog post
Andrew E. El Niño – What It Will Bring This Year And How It Could Change With Global Warming. IFLScience 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Deinstitutionalization of the Mentally Ill in Oregon. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1976.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Anderson A. Scribblins. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach, 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow K. In the East Village, an Unusual Bid to Fix Up a Firehouse . . . New York Times 2003:146.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleRevue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Traumatologique
ISSN (print)1877-0517
ScopeOrthopedics and Sports Medicine

Other styles