How to format your references using the Vascular Cell citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vascular Cell. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Woollings T. Atmospheric science. Ocean effects of blocking. Science. 2011;334:612–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Hayes RA, Feenstra BJ. Video-speed electronic paper based on electrowetting. Nature. 2003;425:383–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Scales SJ, Finley MF, Scheller RH. Cell biology. Fusion without SNAREs? Science. 2001;294:1015–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Wang S, Li E, Porth I, Chen J-G, Mansfield SD, Douglas CJ. Regulation of secondary cell wall biosynthesis by poplar R2R3 MYB transcription factor PtrMYB152 in Arabidopsis. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Norton L. How to Be a Global Nonprofit. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2013.
An edited book
1. Hersh MA, Johnson MA, editors. Assistive Technology for Visually Impaired and Blind People. London: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Bishara A, Liu Y, Kashef-Haghighi D, Weng Z, Newburger DE, West R, et al. Read Clouds Uncover Variation in Complex Regions of the Human Genome. In: Przytycka TM, editor. Research in Computational Molecular Biology: 19th Annual International Conference, RECOMB 2015, Warsaw, Poland, April 12-15, 2015, Proceedings. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 30–1.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vascular Cell.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Research Reveals How New Brain Cells Are Born. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Comments on S. 881 and GAO Report on Small-Business Innovation Initiatives. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1981 Jul. Report No.: 115776.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Altassan MA. Employee Training to Increase Efficiency in the Saudi Private Sector [Doctoral dissertation]. [Malibu, CA]: Pepperdine University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Spending Your Dollars in Europe: Soviet Union; Prices Are Wildly Irrational, but There Is Room to Maneuver. New York Times. 1991 Aug 4;526.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVascular Cell
AbbreviationVasc. Cell
ISSN (online)2045-824X
ScopeCell Biology
Computer Networks and Communications
Developmental Neuroscience

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