How to format your references using the Vascular Cell citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vascular Cell. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. White N. Imaging black holes. Nature. 2000;407:146–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Chen J-Y, Huang D-Y. A possible Lower Cambrian chaetognath (arrow worm). Science. 2002;298:187.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Singh PK, Hopwood J, Sonkusale S. Metamaterials for remote generation of spatially controllable two dimensional array of microplasma. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5964.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Contractor A, Rogers C, Maron C, Henkemeyer M, Swanson GT, Heinemann SF. Trans-synaptic Eph receptor-ephrin signaling in hippocampal mossy fiber LTP. Science. 2002;296:1864–9.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Engle CR, Quagrainie KK, Dey MM. Seafood and Aquaculture Marketing Handbook. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Sanchez AR. Technical Support Essentials: Advice You Can Use to Succeed in Technical Support. Pepper J, Andres C, Anglin S, Beckner M, Buckingham E, Cornell G, et al., editors. Berkeley, CA: Apress; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Robbins CA. Case 66: Simultaneous Correction of Medial Proximal Tibial Plateau Depression and Tibia Vara in an Obese Child with Blount’s. In: Rozbruch SR, Hamdy RC, editors. Limb Lengthening and Reconstruction Surgery Case Atlas: Pediatric Deformity. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 477–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vascular Cell.

Blog post
1. Andrews R. Scorpions Have Similar Tastes In Interior Burrow Design [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. FCC: Non-Voice, Non-Geostationary Mobile Satellite Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Nov. Report No.: OGC-98-11.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Nguyen A. Poetry as a Museum [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Greenhouse L. On Contraception, It’s Church Over State. New York Times. 2017 Oct 11;SR10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVascular Cell
AbbreviationVasc. Cell
ISSN (online)2045-824X
ScopeCell Biology
Computer Networks and Communications
Developmental Neuroscience

Other styles