How to format your references using the Vascular Cell citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Vascular Cell. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Campbell G. Distalization of the Drosophila leg by graded EGF-receptor activity. Nature. 2002;418:781–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Valbuzzi A, Yanofsky C. Inhibition of the B. subtilis regulatory protein TRAP by the TRAP-inhibitory protein, AT. Science. 2001;293:2057–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Geremia JM, Stockton JK, Mabuchi H. Real-time quantum feedback control of atomic spin-squeezing. Science. 2004;304:270–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Hill RW, Proust C, Taillefer L, Fournier P, Greene RL. Breakdown of Fermi-liquid theory in a copper-oxide superconductor. Nature. 2001;414:711–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Akivis MA, Goldberg VV. Conformal Differential Geometry and Its Generalizations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 1996.
An edited book
1. Wolanski E, editor. Estuaries of Australia in 2050 and beyond. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Deiseroth B, Fehr V, Fischlin M, Maasz M, Reimers NF, Stein R. Computing on Authenticated Data for Adjustable Predicates. In: Jacobson M, Locasto M, Mohassel P, Safavi-Naini R, editors. Applied Cryptography and Network Security: 11th International Conference, ACNS 2013, Banff, AB, Canada, June 25-28, 2013 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2013. p. 53–68.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Vascular Cell.

Blog post
1. Hale T. The American Museum Of Natural History Cuts Financial Ties To Fossil Fuel Industry [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Important Progress Made to Develop Business Enterprise Architecture, but Much Work Remains. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2003 Sep. Report No.: GAO-03-1018.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Huffer DJ. A spatial analysis and zooarchaeological interpretation of archaeological bison remains in the Southwest and the wildlife management implications for the House Rock Valley bison herd in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tucson, AZ]: University of Arizona; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Vecsey G. They Left Their Hearts at Coogan’s Bluff. New York Times. 2013 Jan 14;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleVascular Cell
AbbreviationVasc. Cell
ISSN (online)2045-824X
ScopeCell Biology
Computer Networks and Communications
Developmental Neuroscience

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