How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2008). Argentina’s pivotal moment. Nature 451, 494–496.
A journal article with 2 authors
Enquist, J. A., Jr, and Stoltz, B. M. (2008). The total synthesis of (-)-cyanthiwigin F by means of double catalytic enantioselective alkylation. Nature 453, 1228–1231.
A journal article with 3 authors
Jiang, H., Stein, B. E., and McHaffie, J. G. (2003). Opposing basal ganglia processes shape midbrain visuomotor activity bilaterally. Nature 423, 982–986.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Sugimoto, Y., Pou, P., Custance, O., Jelinek, P., Abe, M., Perez, R., et al. (2008). Complex patterning by vertical interchange atom manipulation using atomic force microscopy. Science 322, 413–417.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, M., and Bieker, G. (2009). Mastering. Indianapolis, IN, USA: Wiley Publishing, Inc.
An edited book
Gao, Y. ed. (2015). Urine Proteomics in Kidney Disease Biomarker Discovery. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Valois, T. (2009). “The Pediatric Difficult Airway,” in Basics, ed. M. Astuto (Milano: Springer), 31–48.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2016). Mystery In Northern Scotland That Is Baffling Multiple Sclerosis Experts. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2004). Federal Aviation Administration: Challenges for Transforming Into a High-Performing Organization. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
McDougal, S. (2013). Military Town: Part One.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Codrea-Rado, A. (2017). Pharrell Williams Kneels in Protest. New York Times, C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Smaglik, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Enquist and Stoltz, 2008; Smaglik, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Enquist and Stoltz, 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Sugimoto et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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