How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bower, G. C. (2007). Astronomy. Mining for the ephemeral. Science 318, 759–760.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rettig, J., and Neher, E. (2002). Emerging roles of presynaptic proteins in Ca++-triggered exocytosis. Science 298, 781–785.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, B. K., Siprashvili, Z., and Khavari, P. A. (2014). Advances in skin grafting and treatment of cutaneous wounds. Science 346, 941–945.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Buxton, J. L., Suderman, M., Pappas, J. J., Borghol, N., McArdle, W., Blakemore, A. I. F., et al. (2014). Human leukocyte telomere length is associated with DNA methylation levels in multiple subtelomeric and imprinted loci. Sci. Rep. 4, 4954.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stafford, F. (2012). Reading Romantic Poetry. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hoyles, C., and Lagrange, J.-B. eds. (2010). Mathematics Education and Technology-Rethinking the Terrain: The 17th ICMI Study. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Patrick, S., and McDowell, A. (2013). “Propionibacterium acnes: An Emerging Pathogen in Biomaterial-Associated Infection,” in Biomaterials Associated Infection: Immunological Aspects and Antimicrobial Strategies, eds. T. F. Moriarty, S. A. J. Zaat, and H. J. Busscher (New York, NY: Springer), 87–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. (2015). This Robotic Finger Looks and Flexes Just Like Your Own. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1978). The Proper Use of Consultants, Experts, and Contractors. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chen, M. S. (2014). Emergency shelter for abused and neglected elders A grant proposal project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2002). Fordham Produces Five Records and a Rout. New York Times, 82.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bower, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Rettig and Neher, 2002; Bower, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rettig and Neher, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Buxton et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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