How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nadis, S. (2000). Astronomers reveal the secrets of the name game. Nature 406, 819.
A journal article with 2 authors
Irion, U., and St Johnston, D. (2007). bicoid RNA localization requires specific binding of an endosomal sorting complex. Nature 445, 554–558.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gerke, J., Lorenz, K., and Cohen, B. (2009). Genetic interactions between transcription factors cause natural variation in yeast. Science 323, 498–501.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Yoshimura, T., Yasuo, S., Watanabe, M., Iigo, M., Yamamura, T., Hirunagi, K., et al. (2003). Light-induced hormone conversion of T4 to T3 regulates photoperiodic response of gonads in birds. Nature 426, 178–181.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Johnson, J. L. (1997). Probability and Statistics for Computer Science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Canova, F., and Poletto, L. eds. (2015). Optical Technologies for Extreme-Ultraviolet and Soft X-ray Coherent Sources. 1st ed. 2015. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Douglass, J. A. (2016). “Considering National Context and Other Variables,” in The New Flagship University: Changing the Paradigm from Global Ranking to National Relevancy, ed. J. A. Douglass (New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan US), 103–112.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015). Physicists Recreate Substance Similar To The Plasma Believed To Have Existed At The Very Beginning Of The Universe. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Higher Education: Gaps in Parents’ and Students’ Knowledge of School Costs and Federal Aid. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Foster, H. C. (2017). The effect of droplet size and sprayer type on physical drift.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander, S. (2000). It Gets Worse for Raymond. New York Times, D4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nadis, 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Nadis, 2000; Irion and St Johnston, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Irion and St Johnston, 2007)
  • Three or more authors: (Yoshimura et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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