How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zhou, M. (2013). Materials science. Exceptional properties by design. Science 339, 1161–1162.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bonduriansky, R., and Brassil, C. E. (2002). Senescence: rapid and costly ageing in wild male flies. Nature 420, 377.
A journal article with 3 authors
Alexander, R. B., Smith, R. A., and Schwarz, G. E. (2000). Effect of stream channel size on the delivery of nitrogen to the Gulf of Mexico. Nature 403, 758–761.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Anopheles gambiae 1000 Genomes Consortium, Data analysis group, Partner working group, Sample collections—Angola:, Burkina Faso:, Cameroon:, et al. (2017). Genetic diversity of the African malaria vector Anopheles gambiae. Nature 552, 96–100.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Abdel-aleem, S. (2010). The Design and Management of Medical Device clinical Trials. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ariola, M. (2008). Magnetic Control of Tokamak Plasmas. , ed. A. Pironti London: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Richardson, S., and Gilmour, N. (2016). “Annotated Bibliography,” in Intelligence and Security Oversight: An Annotated Bibliography and Comparative Analysis, ed. N. Gilmour (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 21–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging.

Blog post
Andrew, D. (2015). Watch How Easily A Rat Can Wriggle Up Your Toilet. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1996). Transportation Issue Area: Active Assignments. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nikolova, S. (2010). Health insurance transitions of SCHIP-eligible children in response to higher public premiums.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010). Fitting More Into That Bag. New York Times, E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Zhou, 2013).
This sentence cites two references (Bonduriansky and Brassil, 2002; Zhou, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bonduriansky and Brassil, 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Anopheles gambiae 1000 Genomes Consortium et al., 2017)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

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