How to format your references using the Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cattaneo, A. (2015). Astrophysics: The slow death of red galaxies. Nature 521, 164–165.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen, A., and Koehler, A. N. (2015). Drug discovery. Tying up a transcription factor. Science 347, 713–714.
A journal article with 3 authors
Dotera, T., Oshiro, T., and Ziherl, P. (2014). Mosaic two-lengthscale quasicrystals. Nature 506, 208–211.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hsu, K. F., Loo, S., Guo, F., Chen, W., Dyck, J. S., Uher, C., et al. (2004). Cubic AgPb(m)SbTe(2+m): bulk thermoelectric materials with high figure of merit. Science 303, 818–821.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bradford, R. (2015). Is Shakespeare Any Good?. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Patterson, J. (2010). Solid-State Physics: Introduction to the Theory. , ed. B. Bailey Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Lont, M., Milosevic, D., and van Roermund, A. (2014). “Low-Power Zero-IF Receiver Design,” in Wake-up Receiver Based Ultra-Low-Power WBAN Analog Circuits and Signal Processing., eds. D. Milosevic and A. van Roermund (Cham: Springer International Publishing), 61–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Endocrinology of Aging.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015). Air Pollution Kills More Than Three Million People A Year. IFLScience. Available at: [Accessed October 30, 2018].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1990). Railroad Safety: FRA’s Staffing Model Cannot Estimate Inspectors Needed for Safety Mission. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harvey, T. (2014). The Box.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Silver-Greenberg, J., and Corkery, M. (2017). Rule Could Let Consumers Sue Financial Firms. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Cattaneo, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Cattaneo, 2015; Chen and Koehler, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Chen and Koehler, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Hsu et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Endocrinology of Aging
AbbreviationFront. Endocrinol. (Lausanne)
ISSN (online)1664-2392

Other styles