How to format your references using the Natural Hazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Hazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pfennig KS (2007) Facultative mate choice drives adaptive hybridization. Science 318:965–967
A journal article with 2 authors
Cassenaer S, Laurent G (2012) Conditional modulation of spike-timing-dependent plasticity for olfactory learning. Nature 482:47–52
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang M, Atkinson KR, Baughman RH (2004) Multifunctional carbon nanotube yarns by downsizing an ancient technology. Science 306:1358–1361
A journal article with 5 or more authors
O’Doherty J, Dayan P, Schultz J, et al (2004) Dissociable roles of ventral and dorsal striatum in instrumental conditioning. Science 304:452–454

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Diels J-C, Arissian L (2011) Lasers. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany
An edited book
Church K, Bascia N, Shragge E (eds) (2008) Learning through Community: Exploring Participatory Practices. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Barroso LR (2016) Reason Without Vote: The Representative and Majoritarian Function of Constitutional Courts. In: Bustamante T, Gonçalves Fernandes B (eds) Democratizing Constitutional Law: Perspectives on Legal Theory and the Legitimacy of Constitutionalism. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 71–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Hazards.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Researchers Image Wave-Particle Duality Light For The First Time Ever. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1981) Comments on H.R. 5103, Mineta letter. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Larson EB (2014) Bahamian Quaternary geology and the global carbon budget. Doctoral dissertation, Mississippi State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh MW (2015) Nonpayment on Bonds Would Have Consequences for Puerto Rico. New York Times B3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pfennig 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Pfennig 2007; Cassenaer and Laurent 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Cassenaer and Laurent 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (O’Doherty et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Hazards
AbbreviationNat. Hazards (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0921-030X
ISSN (online)1573-0840
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Water Science and Technology

Other styles