How to format your references using the Natural Hazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Hazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schilling G (2009) Spain unveils its eye on the sky. Nature 460:674
A journal article with 2 authors
Grande C, Patel NH (2009) Nodal signalling is involved in left-right asymmetry in snails. Nature 457:1007–1011
A journal article with 3 authors
Sheffield J, Wood EF, Roderick ML (2012) Little change in global drought over the past 60 years. Nature 491:435–438
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Dioum EM, Chen R, Alexander MS, et al (2009) Regulation of hypoxia-inducible factor 2alpha signaling by the stress-responsive deacetylase sirtuin 1. Science 324:1289–1293

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Minei I, Lucek J (2006) MPLS-Enabled Applications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Unal A, Nayak M, Mishra DK, et al (eds) (2016) Smart Trends in Information Technology and Computer Communications: First International Conference, SmartCom 2016, Jaipur, India, August 6–7, 2016, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Singapore
A chapter in an edited book
Sheth AN, Lahiri CD, Ofotokun I (2015) Sex Differences in Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics. In: Klein SL, Roberts CW (eds) Sex and Gender Differences in Infection and Treatments for Infectious Diseases. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 75–102

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Hazards.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) A Matter Of Degrees: Why 2C Warming Is Officially Unsafe. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1982) Industrial Policy: Japan’s Flexible Approach. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mayner SW (2017) Transformational leadership and organizational change during agile and devops initiatives. Doctoral dissertation, Capella University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
(nyt) SK (2002) World Briefing | Europe: Ukraine: President Tries To Fend Off Foes. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Schilling 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Grande and Patel 2009; Schilling 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Grande and Patel 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Dioum et al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Hazards
AbbreviationNat. Hazards (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0921-030X
ISSN (online)1573-0840
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Water Science and Technology

Other styles