How to format your references using the Natural Hazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Hazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
McKinnon WB (2008) Journal club. A planetary scientist has big hopes for a little world. Nature 456:425
A journal article with 2 authors
Vidale JE, Li Y-G (2003) Damage to the shallow Landers fault from the nearby Hector Mine earthquake. Nature 421:524–526
A journal article with 3 authors
Pluth MD, Bergman RG, Raymond KN (2007) Acid catalysis in basic solution: a supramolecular host promotes orthoformate hydrolysis. Science 316:85–88
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Haine ER, Moret Y, Siva-Jothy MT, Rolff J (2008) Antimicrobial defense and persistent infection in insects. Science 322:1257–1259

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Gunn DM (2016) Judges. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, USA
An edited book
Fung EB, Bachrach LK, Sawyer AJ (eds) (2016) Bone Health Assessment in Pediatrics: Guidelines for Clinical Practice, 2nd ed. 2016. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Miyazaki M, Yamashita T, Taira H, Suzuki A (2008) The Biological Function of Cauxin, a Major Urinary Protein of the Domestic Cat (Felis catus). In: Hurst JL, Beynon RJ, Roberts SC, Wyatt TD (eds) Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 11. Springer, New York, NY, pp 51–60

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Hazards.

Blog post
Hamilton K (2015) The Brain’s Gender May Be More Flexible Than Previously Thought. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/brain-s-gender-may-be-more-flexible-previously-thought/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1971) Need To Improve Policies and Procedures for Approving Grants Under the Emergency School Assistance Program. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vu MH (2010) Efficiency of pair-wise and multiple alignment algorithms in computational biology. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Kovaleski SF (2017) Jailed 10 Years, but Still Awaiting a Speedy Trial. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (McKinnon 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Vidale and Li 2003; McKinnon 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vidale and Li 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Haine et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Hazards
AbbreviationNat. Hazards (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0921-030X
ISSN (online)1573-0840
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Water Science and Technology

Other styles