How to format your references using the Natural Hazards citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Hazards. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Sisodia SS (2002) Biomedicine. A cargo receptor mystery APParently solved? Science 295:805–807
A journal article with 2 authors
Lee J-Y, Jameson SC (2012) Immunology. Remembering to be tolerant. Science 335:667–668
A journal article with 3 authors
Dominguez G, Wilkins G, Thiemens MH (2011) The Soret effect and isotopic fractionation in high-temperature silicate melts. Nature 473:70–73
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Wu C, Miloslavskaya I, Demontis S, et al (2004) Regulation of cellular response to oncogenic and oxidative stress by Seladin-1. Nature 432:640–645

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Traitler H, Coleman B, Hofmann K (2015) Food Industry Design, Technology and Innovation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Pluvinage G, Elwany MH (eds) (2008) Safety, Reliability and Risks Associated with Water, Oil and Gas Pipelines. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Li Y (2012) Convex Geometry on Partially Ordered Sets. In: Xie A, Huang X (eds) Advances in Electrical Engineering and Automation. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 27–31

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Hazards.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Yes, Eastern Coyotes Are Hybrids, But The ‘Coywolf’ Is Not A Thing. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1987) National Science Foundation: Problems Found in Decision Process for Awarding Earthquake Center. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kang H (2006) Essays on Methodologies in Contingent Valuation and the Sustainable Management of Common Pool Resources. Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Baker P, Shear MD (2017) Trump Stirs a New Question: Are There Tapes? New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Sisodia 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Sisodia 2002; Lee and Jameson 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lee and Jameson 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Hazards
AbbreviationNat. Hazards (Dordr.)
ISSN (print)0921-030X
ISSN (online)1573-0840
ScopeEarth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)
Atmospheric Science
Water Science and Technology

Other styles