How to format your references using the Journal of Roman Archaeology (B) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
L. Steinman, “Immune therapy for autoimmune diseases,” Science 305 (2004) 212–16
A journal article with 2 authors
A.J. Richardson and E.S. Poloczanska, “Ocean science. Under-resourced, under threat,” Science 320 (2008) 1294–95
A journal article with 3 authors
M.T. Koskinen, T.O. Haugen and C.R. Primmer, “Contemporary fisherian life-history evolution in small salmonid populations,” Nature 419 (2002) 826–30
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.J. Metzger, O.D. Klein, G.R. Martin and M.A. Krasnow, “The branching programme of mouse lung development,” Nature 453 (2008) 745–50

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.M. Flood, Wiley Gaap 2015 (Chichester, UK 2014)
An edited book
J.P. Denier and M.D. Finn (edd.), Mechanics Down Under: Proceedings of the 22nd International Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, held in Adelaide, Australia, 24 - 29 August, 2008 (Dordrecht 2013)
A chapter in an edited book
S.S.C. Renard, “How Free Is the Free Movement of Services?,” in L. Pehrson, L. Oxelheim and S. Gustavsson (edd.), How Unified Is the European Union?: European Integration Between Visions and Popular Legitimacy (Berlin, Heidelberg 2009) 61–77

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B).

Blog post
J. Fang, Manhattan Insects Eat Tons of Garbage off the Streets Every Year (2014)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Research and Regulatory Efforts on Mobile Phone Health Issues (Washington, DC 2001)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Chahine, Social workers’ perceptions of individuals who use drugs and alcohol problematically (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach 2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Kishkovsky, “Rev. Gleb Yakunin, 80, Russian Priest and Dissident,” New York Times (2014) B14

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference L. Steinman, “Immune therapy for autoimmune diseases,” Science 305 (2004) 212–16.
This sentence cites two references L. Steinman, “Immune therapy for autoimmune diseases,” Science 305 (2004) 212–16; A.J. Richardson and E.S. Poloczanska, “Ocean science. Under-resourced, under threat,” Science 320 (2008) 1294–95.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: R.J. Metzger, O.D. Klein, G.R. Martin and M.A. Krasnow, “The branching programme of mouse lung development,” Nature 453 (2008) 745–50

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Roman Archaeology (B)
ISSN (print)1047-7594
ScopeArchaeology
Classics
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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