How to format your references using the Journal of Roman Archaeology (B) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Parasnis, “Proteins and the naked truth about e-commerce,” Nature 403 (2000) 129–30
A journal article with 2 authors
W. Jetz and C. Rahbek, “Geographic range size and determinants of avian species richness,” Science 297 (2002) 1548–51
A journal article with 3 authors
S. O’Rahilly, I. Barroso and N.J. Wareham, “Genetic factors in type 2 diabetes: the end of the beginning?,” Science 307 (2005) 370–73
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.W. Swaddle, J. Rosenqvist, P. Yu, E. Bylaska, B.L. Phillips and W.H. Casey, “Kinetic evidence for five-coordination in AlOH(aq)2+ ion,” Science 308 (2005) 1450–53

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
L. Wagner-Martin, A History of American Literature (Oxford 2012)
An edited book
Y. Wu (ed.), Computing and Intelligent Systems: International Conference, ICCIC 2011, Wuhan, China, September 17-18, 2011. Proceedings, Part IV (Communications in Computer and Information Science, 2011)
A chapter in an edited book
D.M. Noonan, A. Ventura, A. Bruno, A. Pagani and A. Albini, “The Angiogenic Switch: Role of Immune Cells,” in F.M. Marincola and E. Wang (edd.), Immunologic Signatures of Rejection (New York, NY 2011) 57–75

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B).

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, First Images Released From Survey Of 100 Million Galaxies And Stars (2017)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intercity Passenger Rail: Issues Associated With a Possible Amtrak Liquidation (Washington, DC 1998)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
A.L. Jozwiak, Social work internship stipend program: A grant proposal (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach 2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Dynarski, “A Trillion-Dollar Student Debt, With Mounting Risks,” New York Times (2017) BU4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Roman Archaeology (B)
ISSN (print)1047-7594
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Other styles