How to format your references using the Journal of Roman Archaeology (B) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D. Shindell, “Climate change. Whither Arctic climate?,” Science 299 (2003) 215–16
A journal article with 2 authors
P.D. Cerdán and J. Chory, “Regulation of flowering time by light quality,” Nature 423 (2003) 881–85
A journal article with 3 authors
D.M. Sigman, S.L. Jaccard and G.H. Haug, “Polar ocean stratification in a cold climate,” Nature 428 (2004) 59–63
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P.B. Eckburg, E.M. Bik, C.N. Bernstein, E. Purdom, L. Dethlefsen, M. Sargent, S.R. Gill, K.E. Nelson and D.A. Relman, “Diversity of the human intestinal microbial flora,” Science 308 (2005) 1635–38

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Toy, Networks and Services (Hoboken, NJ 2012)
An edited book
B. Berendt, A. Hotho, D. Mladenic and G. Semeraro (edd.), From Web to Social Web: Discovering and Deploying User and Content Profiles: Workshop on Web Mining, WebMine 2006, Berlin, Germany, September 18, 2006. Revised Selected and Invited Papers (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2007)
A chapter in an edited book
V. Guieu and F. Lagugné-Labarthet, “Raman Imaging of Micro- and Nano-Structured Materials,” in A. Zoubir (ed.), Raman Imaging: Techniques and Applications (Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 2012) 119–43

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B).

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Warm Jupiters Are Not As Lonely As We Thought (2016)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, School Meal Programs: More Systematic Development of Specifications Could Improve the Safety of Foods Purchased through USDA’s Commodity Program (Washington, DC 2011)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
W.A. Ennaco, Mastering morphosyntax: A pre-experimental study on the effectiveness of a parent-training program for preschoolaged children with specific language impairment (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach 2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Schwartz and A. Blinder, “Houston Faces Urgent Task: Moving Mountains of Storm Debris,” New York Times (2017) A13

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Roman Archaeology (B)
ISSN (print)1047-7594
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Other styles