How to format your references using the Journal of Roman Archaeology (B) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Mallet, “Hybrid speciation,” Nature 446 (2007) 279–83
A journal article with 2 authors
A.J. Pons and A. Karma, “Helical crack-front instability in mixed-mode fracture,” Nature 464 (2010) 85–89
A journal article with 3 authors
M. Idzko, D. Ferrari and H.K. Eltzschig, “Nucleotide signalling during inflammation,” Nature 509 (2014) 310–17
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J. Tian, F. Zhang, J. Cheng, S. Guo, P. Liu and H. Wang, “Antidepressant-like activity of adhyperforin, a novel constituent of Hypericum perforatum L,” Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5632

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
S.H. Lui, Numerical Analysis of Partial Differential Equations (Hoboken, NJ 2011)
An edited book
K.R. Khalilpour, Community Energy Networks With Storage: Modeling Frameworks for Distributed Generation (Green Energy and Technology, 2016)
A chapter in an edited book
K. Allan, “The Pragmeme of Insult and Some Allopracts,” in K. Allan, A. Capone and I. Kecskes (edd.), Pragmemes and Theories of Language Use (Perspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy & Psychology, 2016) 69–84

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B).

Blog post
K. Hamilton, “Supermoon” Will Be Visible Tonight (2015)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, District of Columbia Public Education: Agencies Have Enhanced Internal Controls Over Federal Payments for School Improvement, But More Consistent Monitoring Needed (Washington, DC 2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
C.L. Winchester, Alleghanian plutonism in the eastern Blue Ridge province of the southern Appalachians: Origin and tectonic setting (Doctoral dissertation, University of North Carolina 2013)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by DAVE ITZKOFF, “Motion Comic Recalls Rescuers In Holocaust,” New York Times (2010) C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference J. Mallet, “Hybrid speciation,” Nature 446 (2007) 279–83.
This sentence cites two references J. Mallet, “Hybrid speciation,” Nature 446 (2007) 279–83; A.J. Pons and A. Karma, “Helical crack-front instability in mixed-mode fracture,” Nature 464 (2010) 85–89.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: J. Tian, F. Zhang, J. Cheng, S. Guo, P. Liu and H. Wang, “Antidepressant-like activity of adhyperforin, a novel constituent of Hypericum perforatum L,” Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5632

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Roman Archaeology (B)
ISSN (print)1047-7594
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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