How to format your references using the Journal of Roman Archaeology (B) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Liu, “Disease outbreak: Finish the fight against Ebola,” Nature 524 (2015) 27–29
A journal article with 2 authors
A.E. Dessler and S.C. Sherwood, “Atmospheric science. A matter of humidity,” Science 323 (2009) 1020–21
A journal article with 3 authors
S.M. Spillane, T.J. Kippenberg and K.J. Vahala, “Ultralow-threshold Raman laser using a spherical dielectric microcavity,” Nature 415 (2002) 621–23
A journal article with 4 or more authors
A. Todorov, A.N. Mandisodza, A. Goren and C.C. Hall, “Inferences of competence from faces predict election outcomes,” Science 308 (2005) 1623–26

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
H. Arboleda and J.-C. Royer, Model-Driven and Software Product Line Engineering (Hoboken, NJ 2012)
An edited book
J. Yang, Metal-Based Composite Nanomaterials (Cham 2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Y. Kokubun and T. Kato, “Series-Coupled and Parallel-Coupled Add/Drop Filters and FSR Extension,” in I. Chremmos, O. Schwelb and N. Uzunoglu (edd.), Photonic Microresonator Research and Applications (Springer Series in Optical Sciences, 2010) 87–113

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B).

Blog post
A. Carpineti, Schrödinger’s Cat Experiment Lets Scientists Watch Molecules In Two States At Once (2016)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, GAO Technology Readiness Assessment Guide: Best Practices for Evaluating the Readiness of Technology for Use in Acquisition Programs and Projects--Exposure Draft (Washington, DC 2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
T.M. Papp, CrashAppTM–Concurrent Multiple Stakeholder Evaluation of a DSR Artefact (Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida 2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
J. Schwartz, “Counting Green: How to Measure Your Carbon Tire Print,” New York Times (2016) D2

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference J. Liu, “Disease outbreak: Finish the fight against Ebola,” Nature 524 (2015) 27–29.
This sentence cites two references J. Liu, “Disease outbreak: Finish the fight against Ebola,” Nature 524 (2015) 27–29; A.E. Dessler and S.C. Sherwood, “Atmospheric science. A matter of humidity,” Science 323 (2009) 1020–21.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: A. Todorov, A.N. Mandisodza, A. Goren and C.C. Hall, “Inferences of competence from faces predict election outcomes,” Science 308 (2005) 1623–26

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Roman Archaeology (B)
ISSN (print)1047-7594
ScopeArchaeology
Classics
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Other styles