How to format your references using the Journal of Roman Archaeology (B) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Woolston, “Breast cancer: 4 big questions,” Nature 527 (2015) S120
A journal article with 2 authors
O.-H. Kwon and A.H. Zewail, “4D electron tomography,” Science 328 (2010) 1668–73
A journal article with 3 authors
C. Schmauss, Z. Lee-McDermott and L.R. Medina, “Trans-generational effects of early life stress: the role of maternal behavior,” Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 4873
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.H. Lin, H. Li, D. Yasumura, H.R. Cohen, C. Zhang, B. Panning, K.M. Shokat, M.M. Lavail and P. Walter, “IRE1 signaling affects cell fate during the unfolded protein response,” Science 318 (2007) 944–49

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
G. Camarillo and M.A. García-Martín, The 3G IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) (Chichester, UK 2005)
An edited book
J.D. Grizzard, Cardiovascular MRI in Practice: A Teaching File Approach (London 2008)
A chapter in an edited book
C. Romano, “Identity and Selfhood: Paul Ricœur’s Contribution and Its Continuations,” in S. Davidson and M.-A. Vallée (edd.), Hermeneutics and Phenomenology in Paul Ricoeur: Between Text and Phenomenon (Contributions to Hermeneutics, 2016) 43–59

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B).

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, SpaceX Delays Launch Of Rocket To Saturday January 14 (2017)


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Telecommunications: Enhanced Data Collection Could Help FCC Better Monitor Competition in the Wireless Industry (Washington, DC 2010)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
L.L. Nguyen, Pacific Psychiatric Group: A Business Plan For a Direct Pay Outpatient Psychiatric Practice (Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach 2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, “In Estate Planning, Family Isn’t Always First,” New York Times (2014) B6

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Roman Archaeology (B)
ISSN (print)1047-7594
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

Other styles