How to format your references using the Journal of Roman Archaeology (B) citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Q. Schiermeier, “Call for more accelerator research,” Nature 405 (2000) 988
A journal article with 2 authors
E.H. Davidson and D.H. Erwin, “Gene regulatory networks and the evolution of animal body plans,” Science 311 (2006) 796–800
A journal article with 3 authors
D. Niemeier, H. Gombachika and R. Richards-Kortum, “How to transform the practice of engineering to meet global health needs,” Science 345 (2014) 1287–90
A journal article with 4 or more authors
L. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Ma, L. Chen, Z. Xu and T. Wang, “Hierarchical SnO2 nanospheres: bio-inspired mineralization, vulcanization, oxidation techniques, and the application for NO sensors,” Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3500

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Dubin, Numerical and Analytical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Using Mathematica (Hoboken, NJ 2005)
An edited book
C. Eckert, S.K. Katsikas and G. Pernul (edd.), Trust, Privacy, and Security in Digital Business: 11th International Conference, TrustBus 2014, Munich, Germany, September 2-3, 2014. Proceedings (Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2014)
A chapter in an edited book
D. Ansel, B. Nicot, A. Piombini and F. Girandola, “Affect, Uncertainty, and Decision-Making,” in P. Frankhauser and D. Ansel (edd.), Deciding Where to Live: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Residential Choice in its Social Context (Wiesbaden 2016) 93–112

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Roman Archaeology (B).

Blog post
E. Andrew, Molecules Harness Sun’s Energy, Even in Absence of Sunlight (2014)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Need for Full Cost Reporting and Participating Agreement on SEASAT-A Project (Washington, DC 1978)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J.O. Colker, A grounded theory approach to developing a theory of leadership through a case study of ShoreBank (Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix 2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, “A Raging Diva, Centuries Before Soap Operas,” New York Times (2016) C4

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference Q. Schiermeier, “Call for more accelerator research,” Nature 405 (2000) 988.
This sentence cites two references Q. Schiermeier, “Call for more accelerator research,” Nature 405 (2000) 988; E.H. Davidson and D.H. Erwin, “Gene regulatory networks and the evolution of animal body plans,” Science 311 (2006) 796–800.

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors:
  • Three authors:
  • Four or more authors: L. Wang, Y. Chen, J. Ma, L. Chen, Z. Xu and T. Wang, “Hierarchical SnO2 nanospheres: bio-inspired mineralization, vulcanization, oxidation techniques, and the application for NO sensors,” Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 3500

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Roman Archaeology (B)
ISSN (print)1047-7594
ScopeArchaeology
Classics
Visual Arts and Performing Arts

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